CARPENTER, K.E. & NIEM, V.H. (1999)
FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes. part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). Rome, FAO. 1999: 1397–2068
RANDALL, J.E. & LIM, K.K.P. (2000)
A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement 8: 569–667
VIDTHAYANON, C. (2002)
Elasmobranch diversity and status in Thailand. In: Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management. Proceedings of the conference on Shark and Ray Biodiversity, Conservation and Management, Sabah, Malaysia, July 1997. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland: 104–113
YODA, M. & TOKIMURA, M. & HORIKAWA, H. & YAMADA, U. (2002)
A catalogue of fishes from the East China and Yellow seas with their local names. Seikai National Fisheries Research Institute , Fisheries Research Agency, Nagasaki, iii+42 pp. (in Japanese)
COMPAGNO, L.J.V. (2005)
Checklist of living Chondrichthyes. In: Hamlett, W.C. (ed.) Reproductive biology and phylogeny of chondrichthyes: sharks, rays and chimaeras, Vol. 3. Endfield, USA: Science Publishers: 503–548
VALENTI, S.V. (2009)
Aetobatus guttatus In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>