Galeocerdo cuvier (636)
(PÉRON & LESUEUR, 1822)
  • Petromyzon marinus LINNAEUS, 1758
    • JENSEN, C.F. et.al. (1998) [7209]

Cestoda
  • Dicranobothrium spinulifera (SOUTHWELL, 1912)
  • Grillotia sp.
  • Grillotiella exile (LINTON, 1909)
  • Hornelliella annandalei (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1912) YAMAGUTI, 1954
  • Mixonybelinia southwelli (PALM & WALTER, 1999)
  • Otobothrium curtum (LINTON, 1909) DOLLFUS, 1942
    • BEVERIDGE, I. et.al. (2007) [24083]
  • Otobothrium cysticum (MAYER, 1842)
  • Pterobothrium heteracanthum DIESING, 1850
  • Tentacularia coryphaenae BOSC, 1797
  • Thysanocephalum crispum (LINTON, 1889) LINTON, 1890
  • Thysanocephalum sp.
    • HEALY, C.J. et.al. (2009) [16908]
  • Thysanocephalum thysanocephalum (LINTON, 1889)
    • BUTEAU, G.H. et.al. (1969) [12869]

Trematoda
  • Staphylorchis cymatodes (JOHNSTON, 1913)
    • CUTMORE, S.C. et.al. (2010) [11242]

Nematoda
  • Echinocephalus overstreeti DEARDORFF & KO, 1983
    • MORAVEC, F. et.al. (2006) [7404]
  • Echinocephalus sinensis KO, 1975
    • MORAVEC, F. et.al. (2006) [7404]
  • Porrocaecum bengalensis LAKSHRNI, RAO & SHYAMASUNDARI, 1987
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]
  • Porrocaecum longispiculurn LAKSHMI, RAO & SHYAMASUNDARI, 1987
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]
  • Terranova brevicapitata (LINTON, 1901)
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]
  • Terranova galeocerdonis (THWAITE, 1927)
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]
  • Terranova nidifex (LINTON, 1901)
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]
  • Terranova scoliodontis (BAYLIS, 1931)
    • MORAVEC, F. et.al. (2006) [7404]

Copepoda
  • Alebion carchariae KRØYER, 1863
  • Alebion gracilis WILSON, 1905
  • Caligus oculicola TANG & NEWBOUND, 2004
    • TANG, D. et.al. (2004) [7388]
  • Caligus sp.
    • NEWBOUND, D.R. et.al. (1999) [16543]
  • Echthrogaleus sp.
    • NEWBOUND, D.R. et.al. (1999) [16543]
  • Eudactylina acuta VAN BENEDEN, 1853
    • NEWBOUND, D.R. et.al. (1999) [16543]
  • Eudactylina pusilla CRESSEY, 1967
  • Kroyeria dispar WILSON, 1935
  • Kroyeria papillipes WILSON, 1932
  • Kroyeria sp.
    • NEWBOUND, D.R. et.al. (1999) [16543]
  • Nemesis sp.
    • DIPPENAAR, S.M. et.al. (2009) [12799]
  • Nesippus crypturus HELLER, 1868
  • Nesippus orientalis HELLER, 1868
  • Nesippus sp.
  • Nesippus tigris CRESSEY, 1967
  • Pandarus cranchii LEACH, 1819
  • Pandarus floridanus CRESSEY, 1967
    • NEWBOUND, D.R. et.al. (1999) [16543]
  • Pandarus smithii RATHBUN, 1886
    • NEWBOUND, D.R. et.al. (1999) [16543]
  • Pandarus sp.
    • DIPPENAAR, S.M. et.al. (2009) [12799]
  • Perissopus dentatus STEENSTRUP & LÜTKEN, 1861
    • NEWBOUND, D.R. et.al. (1999) [16543]
  • Phyllothyreus cornutus (MILNE-EDWARDS, 1840)
    • DIPPENAAR, S.M. et.al. (2007) [15305]

Isopoda
  • Gnathia albipalpebrata OTA, 2014
  • Gnathia nubila OTA & HIROSE, 2009
  • Gnathia parvirostrata OTA, 2014
  • Gnathia rufescens OTA, 2015
  • Gnathia trimaculata COETZEE, SMIT, GRUTTER & DAVIES, 2009

Hirudinea
  • Stibarobdella macrothela (SCHMARDA, 1861)
    • YAMAUCHI, T. et.al. (2008) [16521]
    • NAGASAWA, K. et.al. (2008) [16523]

Synonyms: Galeocerdo maculatus
Common name: Tiger shark
Original description species: (PÉRON & LESUEUR, 1822)
Genus: Galeocerdo MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Carcharhinidae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Galeorhinus galeus (412)
(LINNAEUS, 1758)
Monogenea
  • Erpocotyle canis (CERFONTAINE, 1899)
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (2003) [9358]
  • Erpocotyle laevis VAN BENEDEN & HESSE, 1863
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]

Cestoda
  • Anthobothrium cornucopia VAN BENEDEN, 1850
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (2003) [9358]
  • Anthobothrium galeorhini SURIANO, 2002
  • Diesingium lomentaceum (DIESING, 1850)
  • Gilquinia robertsoni BEVERIDGE, 1990
  • Hepatoxylon megacephalum (RUDOLPHI, 1819)
  • Hepatoxylon trichiuri (HOLTEN, 1802)
  • Lacistorhynchus dollfusi BEVERIDGE & SAKANARI, 1987
  • Lacistorhynchus sp.
  • Lacistorhynchus tenuis (VAN BENEDEN, 1858)
  • Nybelinia sp.
  • Nybelinia thyrsites KOROTAEVA, 1971

Trematoda
  • Staphylorchis pacificus (CABALLERO, 1945) CUTMORE, BENNETT & CRIBB, 2010
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]

Nematoda
  • Anisakis simplex (RUDOLPHI, 1809)
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (2003) [9358]
  • Hysterothylacium aduncum (RUDOLPHI, 1802)
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (2003) [9358]

Acanthocephala
  • Corynosoma australe JOHNSTON, 1937
    • KNOFF, M. et.al. (2001) [10103]
    • MUNIZ-PEREIRA, L.C. et.al. (2009) [21220]
  • Corynosoma sp.
    • KNOFF, M. et.al. (2001) [10103]
    • MUNIZ-PEREIRA, L.C. et.al. (2009) [21220]

Copepoda
  • Achtheinus dentatus WILSON, 1911
  • Achtheinus oblongus WILSON, 1908
  • Achtheinus pinguis WILSON, 1912
  • Echthrogaleus coleoptratus (GUÉRIN-MÉNEVILLE, 1837)
  • Eudactylina insolens SCOTT & SCOTT, 1913
  • Kroyeria lineata VAN BENEDEN, 1853
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]
  • Kroyeria rhophemophaga DEETS, 1994
  • Lernaeopoda galei KRØYER, 1837
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (2003) [9358]
  • Luetkenia integra RICHIARDI, 1880 (NOMEN NUDUM)
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]
  • Pandarus bicolor LEACH, 1816
    • OLDEWAGE, W.H. et.al. (1993) [7660]
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (2003) [9358]
    • DIPPENAAR, S.M. (2004) [15303]
    • RUSSO, R.A. (2013) [23244]
  • Perissopus dentatus STEENSTRUP & LÜTKEN, 1861
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]

Hirudinea
  • Branchellion lobata MOORE, 1952

Synonyms: Notogaleus rhinophanes
Common name: Tope shark
Original description species: (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Genus: Galeorhinus BLAINVILLE, 1816
Family: Triakidae GRAY, 1851
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Galeus eastmani (39)
(JORDAN & SNYDER, 1904)
Hirudinea
  • Stibarobdella macrothela (SCHMARDA, 1861)
    • NAGASAWA, K. et.al. (2008) [16523]

Synonyms: Pristiurus eastmani
Common name: Gecko catshark
Original description species: (JORDAN & SNYDER, 1904)
Genus: Galeus RAFINESQUE, 1810
Family: Pentanchinae SMITH & RADCLIFFE, 1912
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Galeus melastomus (258)
RAFINESQUE, 1810
Cestoda
  • Ditrachybothridium macrocephalum REES, 1959
  • Hepatoxylon megacephalum (RUDOLPHI, 1819)
  • Hepatoxylon trichiuri (HOLTEN, 1802)
  • Sphyriocephalus viridis (WAGENER, 1854) PINTNER, 1913

Copepoda
  • Eudactylina similis SCOTT, 1902
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (2003) [9358]
  • Eudactylina vilelai NUÑES-RUIVO, 1956
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]

Synonyms: Squalus prionurus
Common name: Blackmouth catshark
Original description species: RAFINESQUE, 1810
Genus: Galeus RAFINESQUE, 1810
Family: Pentanchinae SMITH & RADCLIFFE, 1912
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Galeus priapus (5)
SÉRET & LAST, 2008
Cestoda
  • Ditrachybothridium piliformis FALIEX, TYLER & EUZET, 2000
    • FALIEX, E. et.al. (2000) [7555]
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2013) [19536]

Original description species: SÉRET & LAST, 2008
Genus: Galeus RAFINESQUE, 1810
Family: Pentanchinae SMITH & RADCLIFFE, 1912
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Galeus sauteri (30)
(JORDAN & RICHARDSON, 1909)
Cestoda
  • Nakayacestus tanyderus CAIRA, KUCHTA & DESJARDINS, 2010
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2010) [17720]

Synonyms: Pristiurus sauteri
Common name: Blacktip sawtail catshark
Original description species: (JORDAN & RICHARDSON, 1909)
Genus: Galeus RAFINESQUE, 1810
Family: Pentanchinae SMITH & RADCLIFFE, 1912
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Ginglymostoma cirratum (444)
(BONNATERRE, 1788)
Monogenea
  • Erpocotyle ginglymostomae (BROOKS, 1934)

Cestoda
  • Dollfusiella lineatus (LINTON, 1909)
  • Dollfusiella sp.
  • Dollfusiella tenuispinis (LINTON, 1890)
    • BORUCINSKA, J.D. et.al. (1993) [7548]
    • PALM, H.W. (2004) [16112]
  • Grillotia sp.
  • Paragrillotia similis (LINTON, 1909)
  • Pedibothrium brevispine LINTON, 1909
    • SHULER, R.H. (1938) [16171]
    • BAER, J.G. et.al. (1962) [17089]
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (1986) [16196]
    • CAIRA, J.N. (1992) [13651]
    • BORUCINSKA, J.D. et.al. (1993) [7548]
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2001) [8159]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Pedibothrium globicephalum LINTON, 1909
  • Pedibothrium lintoni SHINDE, JADHAV & DESHMUKH, 1980
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (1986) [16196]
  • Pedibothrium longispine LINTON, 1909
  • Pedibothrium maccallumi CAIRA & PRITCHARD, 1986
  • Pedibothrium manteri CAIRA, 1992
    • CAIRA, J.N. (1992) [13651]
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2001) [8159]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Pedibothrium servattorum CAIRA, 1992
  • Pseudolacistorhynchus noodti PALM, 1995
  • Tentacularia lineata (LINTON, 1909)
  • Zygorhynchus ginglymostomatis PALM, 2004

Nematoda
  • Lockenloia sanguinis ADAMSON & CAIRA, 1991
    • ADAMSON, M.L. et.al. (1991) [7593]
  • Mexiconema cichlasomae MORAVEC, VIDAL & SALGADO-MALDONADO, 1992
    • MORAVEC, F. et.al. (1998) [21483]
  • Terranova ginglymostomae OLSEN, 1952
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]

Copepoda
  • Nesippus orientalis HELLER, 1868
  • Pandarus sinuatus SAY, 1818

Isopoda
  • Rocinela signata SCHIOEDTE & MEINERT, 1879
    • MOREIRA, P.S. et.al. (1978) [23898]

Hirudinea
  • Stibarobdella macrothela (SCHMARDA, 1861)
    • SAWYER, R.T. et.al. (1975) [17101]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]

Synonyms: Squalus punctulatus
Common name: Nurse shark
Original description species: (BONNATERRE, 1788)
Genus: Ginglymostoma MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Ginglymostomatidae GILL, 1862
Order: Orectolobiformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Ginglymostoma unami (4)
DEL MORAL-FLORES, RAMÍREZ-ANTONIO, ANGULO & PÉREZ-PONCE DE LEÓN, 2015
Cestoda
  • Pedibothrium brevispine LINTON, 1909
    • DEL MORAL-FLORES, L.F. et.al. (2015) [22434]
  • Pedibothrium manteri CAIRA, 1992
    • DEL MORAL-FLORES, L.F. et.al. (2015) [22434]

Original description species: DEL MORAL-FLORES, RAMÍREZ-ANTONIO, ANGULO & PÉREZ-PONCE DE LEÓN, 2015
Genus: Ginglymostoma MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Ginglymostomatidae GILL, 1862
Order: Orectolobiformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Glaucostegus cemiculus (56)
(GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1817)
Monogenea
  • Mehracotyle insolita NEIFAR, EUZET & BEN HASSINE, 2001

Cestoda
  • Dollfusiella elongata BEVERIDGE, NEIFAR & EUZET, 2004
  • Echinobothrium syrtensis (NEIFAR, TYLER & EUZET, 2001)
  • Parachristianella monomegacantha KRUSE, 1959

Nematoda
  • Paranisakis squatinae BAYLIS, 1923

Copepoda
  • Eudactylina rhinobati RAIBAUT & ESSAFI, 1979
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]
  • Perissopus dentatus STEENSTRUP & LÜTKEN, 1861
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]

Synonyms: Rhinobatos cemiculus
Common name: Blackchin guitarfish
Original description species: (GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1817)
Genus: Glaucostegus BONAPARTE, 1846
Family: Glaucostegidae LAST, SÉRET & NAYLOR, 2016
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Glaucostegus granulatus (16)
(CUVIER, 1829)
Cestoda
  • Echinobothrium rhynchobati (KHALIL & ABDUL-SALAM, 1989)
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2013) [19536]
    • MHAISEN, F.T. et.al. (2013) [24101]
  • Floriparicapitus rhinobatidis (SUBHAPRADHA, 1955)
    • CIELOCHA, J.J. et.al. (2014) [21566]
  • Orectolobicestus chiloscylli (SUBHAPRADHA, 1955) RUHNKE, CAIRA & CARPENTER, 2006
    • SUBHAPRADHA, C.K. (1955) [16423]
    • RUHNKE, T.R. et.al. (2006) [7406]
  • Rhinebothrium kruppi GOLESTANINASAB & MALEK, 2016
    • GOLESTANINASAB, M. et.al. (2016) [24232]
  • Rhinebothrium persicum GOLESTANINASAB & MALEK, 2016
    • GOLESTANINASAB, M. et.al. (2016) [24232]
  • Rhinebothrium sp.
    • GOLESTANINASAB, M. et.al. (2014) [20454]

Nematoda
  • Mawsonascaris zhoui LI, XU & ZHANG, 2012

Synonyms: Rhinobatus (Rhinobatus) granulatus
Common name: Granulated guitarfish
Original description species: (CUVIER, 1829)
Genus: Glaucostegus BONAPARTE, 1846
Family: Glaucostegidae LAST, SÉRET & NAYLOR, 2016
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Glaucostegus halavi (14)
(FORSSKÅL, 1775)
Copepoda
  • Caligus dasyaticus RANGNEKAR, 1957
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (2013) [19355]
    • SANTANDER-NETO, J. et.al. (2013) [19356]

Synonyms: Rhinobatus (Rhinobatus) halavi
Common name: Halavi's guitarfish
Original description species: (FORSSKÅL, 1775)
Genus: Glaucostegus BONAPARTE, 1846
Family: Glaucostegidae LAST, SÉRET & NAYLOR, 2016
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Glaucostegus thouin (16)
(ANONYMOUS, 1798)
Monogenea
  • Mycteronastes icopae (BEVERLEY-BURTON & WILLIAMS, 1989)
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2012) [15785]

Cestoda
  • Dollfusiella michiae (SOUTHWELL, 1929)
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2013) [19694]
  • Dollfusiella spinulifera (BEVERIDGE & JONES, 2000)
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]
  • Echinobothrium sematanense IVANOV & CAIRA, 2012
    • IVANOV, V.A. et.al. (2012) [15660]
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2013) [19536]
  • Floriparicapitus plicatilis CIELOCHA, JENSEN & CAIRA, 2014
    • CIELOCHA, J.J. et.al. (2014) [21566]
  • Floriparicapitus sp.
  • Parachristianella indonesiensis PALM, 2004
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]
  • Prochristianella clarkeae BEVERIDGE, 1990
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [17404]
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]

Synonyms: Rhinobatus (Rhinobatus) thouini
Common name: Clubnose guitarfish
Original description species: (ANONYMOUS, 1798)
Genus: Glaucostegus BONAPARTE, 1846
Family: Glaucostegidae LAST, SÉRET & NAYLOR, 2016
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Glaucostegus typus (49)
(BENNETT, 1830)
Myxosporea
  • Kudoa hemiscylli GLEESON, BENNETT & ADLARD, 2010
    • GLEESON, R.J. et.al. (2010) [21484]

Monogenea
  • Dermopristis cairae WHITTINGTON & KEARN, 2011
    • WHITTINGTON, I.D. et.al. (2011) [13610]
    • KEARN, G.C. et.al. (2012) [15234]
  • Mycteronastes icopae (BEVERLEY-BURTON & WILLIAMS, 1989)
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1999) [17002]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2012) [15785]
  • Neoheterocotyle rhinobatidis (YOUNG, 1967) CHISHOLM, 1994
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17439]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1998) [17441]

Cestoda
  • Echinobothrium chisholmae JONES & BEVERIDGE, 2001
  • Echinobothrium rhynchobati (KHALIL & ABDUL-SALAM, 1989)
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2013) [19536]
  • Echinobothrium tetabuanense IVANOV & CAIRA, 2012
    • IVANOV, V.A. et.al. (2012) [15660]
  • Echinobothrium weipaense IVANOV & CAIRA, 2012
    • IVANOV, V.A. et.al. (2012) [15660]
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2013) [19536]
  • Floriparicapitus plicatilis CIELOCHA, JENSEN & CAIRA, 2014
    • CIELOCHA, J.J. et.al. (2014) [21566]
    • JENSEN, K. et.al. (2016) [23959]
  • Prochristianella aciculata BEVERIDGE & JUSTINE, 2010
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [17404]
  • Prochristianella clarkeae BEVERIDGE, 1990
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [17404]
  • Stillabothrium amuletum (BUTLER, 1987)
    • REYDA, F.B. et.al. (2016) [24898]

Synonyms: Rhinobatus (Rhinobatus) armatus
Original description species: (BENNETT, 1830)
Genus: Glaucostegus BONAPARTE, 1846
Family: Glaucostegidae LAST, SÉRET & NAYLOR, 2016
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Glyphis gangeticus (30)
(MÜLLER & HENLE, 1839)
Cestoda
  • Disculiceps pileatus (LINTON, 1891)
    • ARTHUR, J.R. et.al. (2002) [17190]
  • Heteronybelinia perideraeus (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906)
  • Nybelinia indica CHANDRA, 1986
  • Poecilancistrium caryophyllum (DIESING, 1850) DOLLFUS, 1929

Synonyms: Carcharias (Prionodon) gangeticus
Common name: Ganges shark
Original description species: (MÜLLER & HENLE, 1839)
Genus: Glyphis AGASSIZ, 1843
Family: Carcharhinidae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Gymnura altavela (106)
(LINNAEUS, 1758)
Monogenea
  • Heteronchocotyle gymnurae NEIFAR, EUZET & BEN HASSINE, 2001

Cestoda
  • Anthobothrium altavelae NEIFAR, EUZET & BEN HASSINE, 2002
    • NEIFAR, L. et.al. (2002) [9441]
  • Pterobothrioides petterae CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 1997
  • Pterobothrium heteracanthum DIESING, 1850
  • Pterobothrium lintoni (MACCALLUM, 1916) DOLLFUS, 1942

Copepoda
  • Eudactylina turgipes BERE, 1936
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]

Synonyms: Trygon altavela
Common name: Spiny butterfly ray
Original description species: (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Genus: Gymnura VAN HASSELT, 1823
Family: Gymnuridae FOWLER, 1934
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Gymnura australis (37)
(RAMSAY & OGILBY, 1886)
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium cribbi CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Nybelinia sp.
  • Parotobothrium balli (SOUTHWELL, 1929)
  • Tylocephalum sp.

Synonyms: Pteroplatea australis
Common name: Australian butterfly ray
Original description species: (RAMSAY & OGILBY, 1886)
Genus: Gymnura VAN HASSELT, 1823
Family: Gymnuridae FOWLER, 1934
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Gymnura crebripunctata (20)
(PETERS, 1869)
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium atahualpai MARQUES, BROOKS & BARRIGA, 1997
    • MARQUES, F. et.al. (1997) [7617]
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]

Synonyms: Gymnura afuerae
Common name: Longsnout butterfly ray
Original description species: (PETERS, 1869)
Genus: Gymnura VAN HASSELT, 1823
Family: Gymnuridae FOWLER, 1934
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Gymnura japonica (51)
(TEMMINCK & SCHLEGEL, 1850)
Cestoda
  • Anthobothrium pteroplateae YAMAGUTI, 1952
  • Pterobothrium sp.
    • TIAN, H.-M. et.al. (2008) [24952]

Nematoda
  • Echinocephalus pleroplatae WANG, ZHAO & CHEN, 1978
    • PENG, W.-F. et.al. (2011) [21235]

Copepoda
  • Eudactylina gymnuri IZAWA, 2011

Isopoda
  • Gnathia trimaculata COETZEE, SMIT, GRUTTER & DAVIES, 2009

Synonyms: Pteroplatea japonica
Common name: Japanese butterflyray
Original description species: (TEMMINCK & SCHLEGEL, 1850)
Genus: Gymnura VAN HASSELT, 1823
Family: Gymnuridae FOWLER, 1934
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Gymnura marmorata (74)
(COOPER, 1864)
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium parviuncinatum YOUNG, 1954

Copepoda
  • Trebius latifurcatus WILSON, 1921
    • DEETS, G.B. et.al. (1989) [14624]

Synonyms: Pteroplatea marmorata
Common name: California butterfly ray
Original description species: (COOPER, 1864)
Genus: Gymnura VAN HASSELT, 1823
Family: Gymnuridae FOWLER, 1934
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Gymnura micrura (109)
(BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801)
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium fogeli GOLDSTEIN, 1964
  • Acanthobothrium giganticum SARADA, VIJAYA LAKSHMI & HANUMANTHA RAO, 1993
  • Acanthobothrium micracantha YAMAGUTI, 1952
  • Halysiorhynchus macrocephalus (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906)
  • Hexacanalis abruptus (SOUTHWELL, 1911) PERRENOUD, 1931
  • Hexacanalis pteroplateae (ZAIDI & KHAN, 1976) CIELOCHA & JENSEN, 2011
    • CIELOCHA, J.J. et.al. (2011) [13082]
  • Pterobothrium lesteri CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 1996
  • Pterobothrium lintoni (MACCALLUM, 1916) DOLLFUS, 1942
  • Pterobothrium southwelli CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 1996
  • Pterobothrium sp.

Hirudinea
  • Branchellion ravenelii (GIRARD, 1851)
    • GOLDSTEIN, R.J. et.al. (1966) [23395]
    • SAWYER, R.T. et.al. (1975) [17101]

Synonyms: Gymnura cf. micrura
Common name: Smooth butterfly ray
Original description species: (BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801)
Genus: Gymnura VAN HASSELT, 1823
Family: Gymnuridae FOWLER, 1934
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Gymnura natalensis (29)
(GILCHRIST & THOMPSON, 1911)
Copepoda
  • Schistobrachia jordaanae DIPPENAAR, OLIVIER & BENZ, 2004
    • DIPPENAAR, S.M. et.al. (2004) [7613]
    • DIPPENAAR, S.M. (2004) [15303]
  • Schistobrachia sp.
    • DIPPENAAR, S.M. et.al. (2000) [16637]

Synonyms: Urogymnus natalensis
Common name: Backwater butterfly ray
Original description species: (GILCHRIST & THOMPSON, 1911)
Genus: Gymnura VAN HASSELT, 1823
Family: Gymnuridae FOWLER, 1934
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Gymnura poecilura (66)
(SHAW, 1804)
Cestoda
  • Pterobothrium lesteri CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 1996
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [15789]
    • HASELI, M. (2013) [19555]
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]

Nematoda
  • Hysterothylacium poecilurai RAJYALAKSHMI & SREERAMULU, 2005
    • RAJYALAKSHMI, I. et.al. (2005) [21461]

Synonyms: Urogymnus poecilura
Common name: Longtail butterfly ray
Original description species: (SHAW, 1804)
Genus: Gymnura VAN HASSELT, 1823
Family: Gymnuridae FOWLER, 1934
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Gymnura zonura (22)
(BLEEKER, 1852)
Cestoda
  • Hexacanalis folifer CIELOCHA & JENSEN, 2011
    • CIELOCHA, J.J. et.al. (2011) [13082]
    • BORUCINSKA, J.D. et.al. (2013) [17367]
    • JENSEN, K. et.al. (2016) [23959]

Synonyms: Pteroplatea zonura
Common name: Zonetail butterfly ray
Original description species: (BLEEKER, 1852)
Genus: Gymnura VAN HASSELT, 1823
Family: Gymnuridae FOWLER, 1934
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii