Raja asterias (137)
DELAROCHE, 1809
Monogenea
  • Acanthocotyle oligoterus (MONTICELLI, 1899)
  • Pseudacanthocotyla pacifica (BONHAM & GUBERLET, 1938)
  • Rajonchocotyle wehri PRICE, 1942

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium benedeni (LÖNNBERG, 1889)
  • Acanthobothrium coronatum (RUDOLPHI, 1819) VAN BENEDEN, 1850
  • Acanthobothrium dujardinii VAN BENEDEN, 1849
  • Acanthobothrium filicolle (ZSCHOKKE, 1887)
  • Acanthobothrium minus TAZEROUTI, KECHEMIR-ISSAD & EUZET, 2009
    • TAZEROUTI, F. et.al. (2009) [10845]
  • Echinobothrium benedeni RUSZKOWSKI, 1927
  • Echinobothrium typus VAN BENEDEN, 1849
  • Grillotia erinaceus (VAN BENEDEN, 1858)
  • Nybelinia sp.

Copepoda
  • Charopinus dubius SCOTT, 1900
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]
  • Eudactylina acuta VAN BENEDEN, 1853
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]
  • Eudactylina similis SCOTT, 1902
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]

Isopoda
  • Aega rosacea (RISSO, 1816)
    • MOREIRA, P.S. et.al. (1978) [23898]
  • Ceratothoa oxyrrynchaena (KOELBEL, 1878)
    • MOREIRA, P.S. et.al. (1978) [23898]
  • Conilera sp.
    • MOREIRA, P.S. et.al. (1978) [23898]

Synonyms: Raja stellata
Common name: Starry ray
Original description species: DELAROCHE, 1809
Genus: Raja LINNÉ, 1758
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Raja brachyura (153)
LAFONT, 1873
Kinetoplastea
  • Trypanosoma giganteum NEUMANN, 1909
    • ARAGORT, W. et.al. (2005) [21437]

Monogenea
  • Acanthocotyle lobianchi MONTICELLI, 1888
    • KEARN, G.C. et.al. (1976) [15270]
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
  • Acanthocotyle sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Calicotyle kroyeri DIESING, 1850
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
    • TAPPENDEN, T. et.al. (1991) [15268]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17436]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Dictyocotyle coeliaca NYBELIN, 1941
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1957) [23943]
  • Empruthotrema raiae (MACCALLUM, 1916) JOHNSTON & TIEGS, 1922
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1999) [17002]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Hexabothrium appendiculatum (KUHN, 1829)
    • BAYLIS, H.A. et.al. (1933) [19885]
  • Rajonchocotyle blandae SPROSTON, 1946
  • Rajonchocotyle emarginata (OLSSON, 1876)
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
    • WHITTINGTON, I.D. et.al. (1986) [15243]
    • WHITTINGTON, I.D. (1987) [17450]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium benedeni (LÖNNBERG, 1889)
  • Acanthobothrium dujardinii VAN BENEDEN, 1849
  • Acanthobothrium filicolle (ZSCHOKKE, 1887)
  • Acanthobothrium sp.
    • WILLIAMS, H.H. (1969) [16448]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Anthobothrium auriculatum (RUDOLPHI, 1819)
    • BAYLIS, H.A. et.al. (1933) [19885]
  • Crossobothrium sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Echeneibothrium sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Echinobothrium brachysoma PINTNER, 1889
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Grillotia erinaceus (VAN BENEDEN, 1858)
    • PALM, H.W. (2004) [16112]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
    • BEVERIDGE, I. et.al. (2007) [7411]
  • Grillotia sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Nybelinia lingualis (CUVIER, 1817)
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Phyllobothrium lactuca VAN BENEDEN, 1850
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Phyllobothrium thridax (VAN BENEDEN, 1849)

Nematoda
  • Anisakis simplex (RUDOLPHI, 1809)
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Hysterothylacium sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Metanisakis baylisi (GIBSON, 1973)
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Piscicapillaria freemani (MORAVEC, MARGOLIS & MCDONALD, 1981)
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Proleptus sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]

Copepoda
  • Holobomolochus sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Trebius caudatus KRØYER, 1838
    • SPROSTON, N.G. et.al. (1941) [23942]

Synonyms: Raja (Raja) brachyura
Common name: Blonde ray
Original description species: LAFONT, 1873
Genus: Raja LINNÉ, 1758
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Raja clavata (529)
LINNAEUS, 1758
Ciliophora
  • Trichodina gobii RAABE, 1959

Myxosporea
  • Ceratomyxa agilis THÉLOHAN, 1892
  • Chloromyxum leydigi MINGAZZINI, 1890
  • Chloromyxum partistriatus KOVALJOVA, DONETZ & KOLESNIKOVA, 1989
  • Chloromyxum psetti KOVALJOVA, DONETZ & KOLESNIKOVA, 1989

Monogenea
  • Acanthocotyle elegans MONTICELLI, 1890
  • Acanthocotyle greeni MACDONALD & LLEWELLYN, 1980
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
  • Acanthocotyle lobianchi MONTICELLI, 1888
  • Acanthocotyle monticellii SCOTT, 1902
  • Acanthocotyle oligoterus (MONTICELLI, 1899)
  • Acanthocotyle sp.
  • Calicotyle kroyeri DIESING, 1850
    • SPROSTON, N.G. (1946) [17150]
    • HALTON, D.W. et.al. (1976) [23994]
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
    • TAPPENDEN, T. et.al. (1991) [15268]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2001) [7377]
    • GAEVSKAYA, A.V. (2012) [22626]
  • Dictyocotyle coeliaca NYBELIN, 1941
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1957) [23943]
  • Empruthotrema raiae (MACCALLUM, 1916) JOHNSTON & TIEGS, 1922
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1999) [17002]
  • Hexabothrium appendiculatum (KUHN, 1829)
    • BAYLIS, H.A. et.al. (1933) [19885]
  • Leptocotyle minor (MONTICELLI, 1888)
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (1999) [9347]
  • Rajonchocotyle batis CERFONTAINE, 1899
  • Rajonchocotyle clavata BRACEY IN SPROSTON, 1946
  • Rajonchocotyle emarginata (OLSSON, 1876)

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium benedeni (LÖNNBERG, 1889)
  • Acanthobothrium coronatum (RUDOLPHI, 1819) VAN BENEDEN, 1850
  • Acanthobothrium crassicolle WEDL, 1855
  • Acanthobothrium dujardinii VAN BENEDEN, 1849
  • Acanthobothrium filicolle (ZSCHOKKE, 1887)
  • Acanthobothrium paulum LINTON, 1890
  • Acanthobothrium ponticum BORCEA, 1934
  • Acanthobothrium septentrionale BAER & EUZET, 1962
  • Acanthobothrium sp.
  • Echeneibothrium tumidulum (RUDOLPHI, 1819)
    • BAYLIS, H.A. et.al. (1933) [19885]
  • Echeneibothrium variabile VAN BENEDEN, 1850
  • Echinobothrium affine DIESING, 1863
  • Echinobothrium brachysoma PINTNER, 1889
  • Echinobothrium clavatum PROBERT & STOBART, 1989
  • Echinobothrium harfordi MCVICAR, 1976
  • Echinobothrium typus VAN BENEDEN, 1849
  • Gilquinia squali (FABRICIUS, 1794)
  • Grillotia (Christianella) minuta (VAN BENEDEN, 1849)
  • Grillotia erinaceus (VAN BENEDEN, 1858)
  • Gyrodactylus alviga GAEVSKAYA & DMITRIEVA, 1967
  • Hepatoxylon megacephalum (RUDOLPHI, 1819)
  • Nybelinia lingualis (CUVIER, 1817)
  • Onchobothrium pseudouncinatum DE BEAUCHAMP, 1905
  • Phyllobothrium lactuca VAN BENEDEN, 1850
  • Phyllobothrium sp.
  • Phyllobothrium thridax (VAN BENEDEN, 1849)
  • Tetrarhynchobothrium tenuicolle DIESING, 1854

Trematoda
  • Otodistomum veliporum (CREPLIN, 1837) STAFFORD, 1904

Nematoda
  • Ascaris succisa RUDOLPHI, 1819
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]
  • Hysterothylacium aduncum (RUDOLPHI, 1802)
  • Metanisakis baylisi (GIBSON, 1973)
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]
  • Metanisakis tricupola (GIBSON, 1973)
  • Proleptus obtusus DUJARDIN, 1845
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (1999) [9347]
  • Proleptus robustus (VAN BENEDEN, 1871)

Copepoda
  • Caligus elongatus VON NORDMANN, 1832
    • BOXSHALL, G.A. (1974) [16598]
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (1999) [9347]
  • Charopinus dalmanni (RETZIUS, 1829)
  • Charopinus dubius SCOTT, 1900
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]
  • Lepeophtheirus europaensis ZEDDAM, BERREBI, RENAUD, RAIBAUT & GABRION, 1988
  • Lepeophtheirus pectoralis (MÜLLER, 1776)
  • Schistobrachia ramosa (KRØYER, 1863)
  • Trebius caudatus KRØYER, 1838
    • SPROSTON, N.G. et.al. (1941) [23942]
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]

Isopoda
  • Aega rosacea (RISSO, 1816)
    • MOREIRA, P.S. et.al. (1978) [23898]
  • Anilocra physodes (LINNAEUS, 1758)
    • MOREIRA, P.S. et.al. (1978) [23898]
  • Livoneca sinuata KOELBEL, 1878
    • OEKTENER, A. et.al. (2009) [21431]

Hirudinea
  • Branchellion torpedinis SAVIGNY, 1822
    • SAWYER, R.T. et.al. (1975) [17101]
  • Pontobdella muricata (LINNAEUS, 1758)
  • Stibarobdella moorei (OKA, 1910)
    • BULGUROĞLU, S.Y. et.al. (2014) [21638]

Synonyms: Raja (Raja) clavata
Common name: Thornback ray
Original description species: LINNAEUS, 1758
Genus: Raja LINNÉ, 1758
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Raja maderensis (27)
LOWE, 1838
Nematoda
  • Metanisakis tricupola (GIBSON, 1973)
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]

Synonyms: Raja (Raja) maderensis
Common name: Madeiran ray
Original description species: LOWE, 1838
Genus: Raja LINNÉ, 1758
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Raja microocellata (93)
MONTAGU, 1818
Conoidasida
  • Haemogregarina delagei LAVERAN & MESNIL, 1901
    • ARAGORT, W. et.al. (2005) [21437]

Monogenea
  • Acanthocotyle lobianchi MONTICELLI, 1888
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
  • Calicotyle kroyeri DIESING, 1850
    • SPROSTON, N.G. (1946) [17150]
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Empruthotrema raiae (MACCALLUM, 1916) JOHNSTON & TIEGS, 1922
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1999) [17002]
  • Merizocotyle undulata (KEARN & BEVERLEY-BURTON, 1990) CHISHOLM, WHEELER & BEVERLEY-BURTON, 1995
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Rajonchocotyle emarginata (OLSSON, 1876)
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
    • WHITTINGTON, I.D. et.al. (1986) [15243]
    • WHITTINGTON, I.D. (1987) [17450]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Acanthobothrium tripartitum WILIAMS, 1969
  • Crossobothrium sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Echeneibothrium sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Echinobothrium brachysoma PINTNER, 1889
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Grillotia erinaceus (VAN BENEDEN, 1858)
  • Grillotia sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Nybelinia lingualis (CUVIER, 1817)
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Onchobothrium pseudouncinatum DE BEAUCHAMP, 1905
  • Onchobothrium uncinatum (RUDOLPHI, 1819)
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Phyllobothrium lactuca VAN BENEDEN, 1850
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]

Nematoda
  • Anisakis simplex (RUDOLPHI, 1809)
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Histodytes microocellatus ARAGORT, ALVAREZ, IGLESIAS, LEIRO & SANMARTÍN, 2002
    • ARAGORT, W. et.al. (2002) [10848]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Hysterothylacium sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Metanisakis baylisi (GIBSON, 1973)
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Piscicapillaria freemani (MORAVEC, MARGOLIS & MCDONALD, 1981)
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Proleptus sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]

Copepoda
  • Holobomolochus sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Trebius caudatus KRØYER, 1838
    • SPROSTON, N.G. et.al. (1941) [23942]

Synonyms: Raja microcellata
Common name: Small-eyed ray
Original description species: MONTAGU, 1818
Genus: Raja LINNÉ, 1758
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Raja miraletus (214)
LINNAEUS, 1758
Conoidasida
  • Eimeria kayarensis DIOUF & TOGUEBAYE, 1994

Cestoda
  • Echinobothrium affine DIESING, 1863
  • Echinobothrium mercedesae CAIRA, RODRIGUEZ & PICKERING, 2013
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2013) [19843]
  • Echinobothrium sp.
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2013) [19536]
  • Echinobothrium yiae CAIRA, RODRIGUEZ & PICKERING, 2013
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2013) [19843]
  • Grillotia erinaceus (VAN BENEDEN, 1858)
  • Parachristianella duadecacantha PALM, 2004

Isopoda
  • Anilocra frontalis H. MILNE EDWARDS, 1830
    • BAŞUSTA, N. et.al. (2017) [25069]
  • Ceratothoa capri (TRILLES, 1964)
    • BAŞUSTA, N. et.al. (2017) [25069]
  • Ceratothoa collaris (SCHIOEDTE & MEINERT, 1883)
    • MOREIRA, P.S. et.al. (1978) [23898]
    • BARICHE, M. et.al. (2008) [19912]

Hirudinea
  • Stibarobdella moorei (OKA, 1910)
    • BASUSTA, N. et.al. (2016) [24517]

Synonyms: Raja (Raja) miraletus
Common name: Brown ray
Original description species: LINNAEUS, 1758
Genus: Raja LINNÉ, 1758
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Raja montagui (210)
FOWLER, 1910
Monogenea
  • Acanthocotyle lobianchi MONTICELLI, 1888
    • KEARN, G.C. et.al. (1976) [15270]
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
    • REES, J.A. et.al. (1984) [15282]
    • TAPPENDEN, T. et.al. (1990) [15267]
    • WHITTINGTON, I.D. et.al. (1990) [15242]
  • Acanthocotyle sp.
  • Calicotyle kroyeri DIESING, 1850
  • Empruthotrema raiae (MACCALLUM, 1916) JOHNSTON & TIEGS, 1922
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1999) [17002]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Rajonchocotyle emarginata (OLSSON, 1876)
    • LLEWELLYN, J. et.al. (1984) [15273]
    • WHITTINGTON, I.D. et.al. (1986) [15243]
    • WHITTINGTON, I.D. (1987) [17450]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium benedeni (LÖNNBERG, 1889)
  • Acanthobothrium dujardinii VAN BENEDEN, 1849
  • Acanthobothrium sp.
    • WILLIAMS, H.H. (1969) [16448]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Echeneibothrium maculatum WOODLAND, 1927
  • Echeneibothrium sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Echinobothrium acanthinophyllum REES, 1961
  • Echinobothrium brachysoma PINTNER, 1889
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Grillotia erinaceus (VAN BENEDEN, 1858)
  • Lecanicephalum sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Phyllobothrium britannicum WILLIAMS, 1968
  • Tritaphros retzii LÖNNBERG, 1889
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]

Nematoda
  • Metanisakis baylisi (GIBSON, 1973)
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]
  • Proleptus sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]

Copepoda
  • Brachiella inconcinna RICHIARDI, 1880 (NOMEN NUDUM )
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]
  • Eudactylina similis SCOTT, 1902
  • Lernaeopodina longimana (OLSSON, 1869)

Synonyms: Raja (Raja) montagui
Common name: Spotted ray
Original description species: FOWLER, 1910
Genus: Raja LINNÉ, 1758
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Raja polystigma (72)
REGAN, 1923
Isopoda
  • Ceratothoa steindachneri (KOELBEL, 1878)
    • MOREIRA, P.S. et.al. (1978) [23898]

Synonyms: Raia polystigma
Common name: Speckled ray
Original description species: REGAN, 1923
Genus: Raja LINNÉ, 1758
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Raja radula (97)
DELAROCHE, 1809
Monogenea
  • Calicotyle kroyeri DIESING, 1850
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2001) [7377]

Cestoda
  • Echinobothrium affine DIESING, 1863

Synonyms: Raja atra
Common name: Rough ray
Original description species: DELAROCHE, 1809
Genus: Raja LINNÉ, 1758
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Raja straeleni (46)
POLL, 1951
Cestoda
  • Echinobothrium dorothyae CAIRA, PICKERING, SCHULMAN & HANESSIAN, 2013

Copepoda
  • Schistobrachia kabata DIPPENAAR, 2016

Synonyms: Raja (Raja) straeleni
Common name: Biscuit skate
Original description species: POLL, 1951
Genus: Raja LINNÉ, 1758
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Raja undulata (125)
LACEPÈDE, 1802
Monogenea
  • Merizocotyle sp.
  • Merizocotyle undulata (KEARN & BEVERLEY-BURTON, 1990) CHISHOLM, WHEELER & BEVERLEY-BURTON, 1995
    • KEARN, G.C. et.al. (1990) [15245]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1999) [17002]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Rajonchocotyle emarginata (OLSSON, 1876)
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium benedeni (LÖNNBERG, 1889)
    • GOLDSTEIN, R.J. (1967) [16175]
    • SANMARTÍN, M.L. et.al. (2000) [11394]
  • Acanthobothrium filicolle (ZSCHOKKE, 1887)
  • Acanthobothrium sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Crossobothrium sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Echeneibothrium beauchampi EUZET, 1959
    • SANMARTÍN, M.L. et.al. (2000) [11394]
  • Echeneibothrium sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Grillotia sp.
    • SANMARTÍN, M.L. et.al. (2000) [11394]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Onchobothrium uncinatum (RUDOLPHI, 1819)
    • SANMARTÍN, M.L. et.al. (2000) [11394]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Phyllobothrium lactuca VAN BENEDEN, 1850
    • SANMARTÍN, M.L. et.al. (2000) [11394]
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]

Nematoda
  • Proleptus sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]
  • Pseudanisakis rotundata (RUDOLPHI, 1819)
    • SANMARTÍN, M.L. et.al. (2000) [11394]
  • Schulmanela sp.
    • SANMARTÍN, M.L. et.al. (2000) [11394]

Acanthocephala
  • Acanthocephaloides propinquus (DUJARDIN, 1845)
    • SANMARTÍN, M.L. et.al. (2000) [11394]

Copepoda
  • Holobomolochus sp.
    • ALVAREZ, M.F. et.al. (2006) [9086]

Synonyms: Leucoraja undulata
Common name: Undulate ray
Original description species: LACEPÈDE, 1802
Genus: Raja LINNÉ, 1758
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rajella bathyphila (34)
(HOLT & BYRNE, 1908)
Cestoda
  • Echeneibothrium bathyphilum CAMPBELL, 1975

Synonyms: Raja bathyphila
Common name: Deepwater ray
Original description species: (HOLT & BYRNE, 1908)
Genus: Rajella STEHMANN, 1970
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rajella bigelowi (41)
(STEHMANN, 1978)
Cestoda
  • Ditrachybothridium macrocephalum REES, 1959

Synonyms: Raja bigelowi
Common name: Bigelow's ray
Original description species: (STEHMANN, 1978)
Genus: Rajella STEHMANN, 1970
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rajella caudaspinosa (25)
(VON BONDE & SWART, 1923)
Cestoda
  • Tentacularia coryphaenae BOSC, 1797

Copepoda
  • Charopinus dubius SCOTT, 1900

Synonyms: Raja caudaspinosa
Common name: Munchkin skate
Original description species: (VON BONDE & SWART, 1923)
Genus: Rajella STEHMANN, 1970
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rajella fyllae (62)
(LÜTKEN, 1887)
Nematoda
  • Proleptus mackenziei WILLIAMS & HEDDWYN, 1978
    • WILLIAMS, H.H. et.al. (1978) [13251]

Synonyms: Raja fyllae
Common name: Round ray
Original description species: (LÜTKEN, 1887)
Genus: Rajella STEHMANN, 1970
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rajella leoparda (23)
(VON BONDE & SWART, 1923)
Cestoda
  • Heteronybelinia robusta (LINTON, 1890)

Copepoda
  • Charopinus dubius SCOTT, 1900

Synonyms: Rajella leopardus
Common name: Leopard skate
Original description species: (VON BONDE & SWART, 1923)
Genus: Rajella STEHMANN, 1970
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rajella lintea (36)
(FRIES, 1838)
Monogenea
  • Dictyocotyle coeliaca NYBELIN, 1941

Trematoda
  • Otodistomum veliporum (CREPLIN, 1837) STAFFORD, 1904

Synonyms: Raja lintea
Common name: Sailray
Original description species: (FRIES, 1838)
Genus: Rajella STEHMANN, 1970
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhina ancylostoma (106)
BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801
Monogenea
  • Branchotenthes robinoverstreeti BULLARD & DIPPENAAR, 2003
    • BULLARD, S.A. et.al. (2003) [7566]
  • Monocotyle ancylostomae TIMOFEEVA, 1984

Cestoda
  • Carpobothrium rhinei SARADA, VIJAYA LAKSHMI & HANUMANTHA RAO, 1995
  • Cephalobothrium neoaetobatidis SARADA, VIJAYA LAKSHMI & HANUMANTHA RAO, 1992
  • Dollfusiella michiae (SOUTHWELL, 1929)
    • PALM, H.W. et.al. (2009) [15747]
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2009) [16972]
  • Halysiorhynchus macrocephalus (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906)
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]
  • Mixonybelinia southwelli (PALM & WALTER, 1999)
  • Pachybothrium hutsoni (SOUTHWELL, 1911) BAER & EUZET, 1962
  • Phyllobothrium dagnallium SOUTHWELL, 1927
  • Stoibocephalum arafurense CIELOCHA & JENSEN, 2012
    • CIELOCHA, J.J. et.al. (2013) [18125]
    • JENSEN, K. et.al. (2016) [23959]
  • Stoibocephalum campanulatum (KLAPTOCZ, 1906)
  • Tylocephalum campanulaturn BUTLER, 1987

Trematoda
  • Melogonimus rhodanometra BRAY, BROCKERHOFF & CRIBB, 1995

Copepoda
  • Carnifossorius siamensis DEETS & HO, 1988
    • DEETS, G.B. et.al. (1988) [16931]
    • DIPPENAAR, S.M. et.al. (2007) [15305]
  • Nesippus vespa KIRTISINGHE, 1964
    • DIPPENAAR, S.M. et.al. (2007) [15305]
    • DIPPENAAR, S.M. et.al. (2012) [15284]
  • Pandarus cranchii LEACH, 1819
  • Pandarus smithii RATHBUN, 1886

Synonyms: Rhamphobatis ancylostoma
Common name: Bowmouth guitarfish
Original description species: BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801
Genus: Rhina BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801
Family: Rhinidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhincodon typus (524)
SMITH, 1828
Cestoda
  • Wenyonia rhincodonti MALHOTRA, JAISWAL, SINGH, & CAPOOR & MALHOTRA, 2012
    • MALHOTRA, A. et.al. (2012) [21459]

Trematoda
  • Paronatrema boholanum EDUARDO, 2019

Copepoda
  • Lepeophtheirus acutus HEEGAARD, 1943
  • Pandarus rhincodonicus NORMAN, NEWBOUND & KNOTT, 2000
    • NORMAN, B.M. et.al. (2000) [16559]
    • AUSTIN, C.M. et.al. (2016) [20635]
  • Pandarus smithii RATHBUN, 1886
  • Prosaetes rhinodontis (WRIGHT, 1876)

Isopoda
  • Gnathia trimaculata COETZEE, SMIT, GRUTTER & DAVIES, 2009

Synonyms: Rhineodon typicus
Original description species: SMITH, 1828
Genus: Rhincodon SMITH, 1829
Family: Rhincodontidae GARMAN, 1913
Order: Orectolobiformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhinobatos hynnicephalus (38)
RICHARDSON, 1846
Monogenea
  • Neoheterocotyle forficata (TIMOFEEVA, 1981) CHISHOLM, 1994
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17439]

Copepoda
  • Dangoka japonica IZAWA, 2011

Synonyms: Rhinobatus hynnicephalus
Common name: Angel fish
Original description species: RICHARDSON, 1846
Genus: Rhinobatos LINCK, 1790
Family: Rhinobatidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1838
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhinobatos punctifer (26)
COMPAGNO & RANDALL, 1987
Cestoda
  • Dollfusiella sp.
  • Echinobothrium persiense HASELI, MALEK, PALM & IVANOV, 2012
  • Eutetrarhynchus platycephali PALM, 2004
  • Parachristianella sp.
  • Pseudochristianella southwelli CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 1990
  • Trygonicola macroporus (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906)

Synonyms: Rhinobatos cf. punctifer
Common name: Spotted guitarfish
Original description species: COMPAGNO & RANDALL, 1987
Genus: Rhinobatos LINCK, 1790
Family: Rhinobatidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1838
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhinobatos rhinobatos (73)
(LINNAEUS, 1758)
Monogenea
  • Calicotyle vicina NEIFAR, EUZET & BEN HASSINE, 2001
  • Neoheterocotyle ktarii NEIFAR, EUZET & BEN HASSINE, 2001

Cestoda
  • Dollfusiella elongata BEVERIDGE, NEIFAR & EUZET, 2004
  • Echinobothrium euterpes (NEIFAR, TYLER & EUZET, 2001)
  • Parachristianella monomegacantha KRUSE, 1959
  • Stillabothrium cadenati (EUZET, 1954)
    • REYDA, F.B. et.al. (2016) [24898]

Nematoda
  • Paranisakis squatinae BAYLIS, 1923
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]

Copepoda
  • Eudactylina rhinobati RAIBAUT & ESSAFI, 1979
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]

Synonyms: Rhinobatus (Syrrhina) columnae
Common name: Common guitarfish
Original description species: (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Genus: Rhinobatos LINCK, 1790
Family: Rhinobatidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1838
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhinobatos schlegelii (37)
(MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841)
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium southwelli SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
  • Echeneibothrium filamentosum SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
  • Orectolobicestus chiloscylli (SUBHAPRADHA, 1955) RUHNKE, CAIRA & CARPENTER, 2006
    • SUBHAPRADHA, C.K. (1955) [16423]
    • RUHNKE, T.R. et.al. (2006) [7406]

Nematoda
  • Anisakis simplex (RUDOLPHI, 1809)
    • PENG, W.-F. et.al. (2011) [21235]
  • Raphidascaris trichiuri (YIN & ZHANG, 1983)
    • PENG, W.-F. et.al. (2011) [21235]

Copepoda
  • Dangoka japonica IZAWA, 2011

Synonyms: Rhinobatus schlegel
Common name: Yellow guitarfish
Original description species: (MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841)
Genus: Rhinobatos LINCK, 1790
Family: Rhinobatidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1838
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhinochimaera atlantica (44)
HOLT & BYRNE, 1909
Cestoda
  • Chimaerocestos prudhoei WILLIAMS & BRAY, 1984
    • WILLIAMS, H.H. et.al. (1984) [16449]

Synonyms: Harriotta atlantica
Common name: Spearnose chimaera
Original description species: HOLT & BYRNE, 1909
Genus: Rhinochimaera GARMAN, 1901
Family: Rhinochimaeridae GARMAN, 1901
Order: Chimaeriformes
Subclass: Holocephali
Rhinochimaera pacifica (58)
(MITSUKURI, 1895)
Monogenea
  • Calicotyle sp.

Cestoda
  • Chimaerocestos sp.
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (1999) [16929]

Synonyms: Rhinchochimaera (Harriotta) pacifica
Common name: Pacific spookfish
Original description species: (MITSUKURI, 1895)
Genus: Rhinochimaera GARMAN, 1901
Family: Rhinochimaeridae GARMAN, 1901
Order: Chimaeriformes
Subclass: Holocephali
Rhinoptera bonasus (208)
(MITCHILL, 1815)
Conoidasida
  • Eimeria southwelli HALAWANI, 1930

Monogenea
  • Benedeniella posterocolpa (HARGIS, 1955) YAMAGUTI, 1963
  • Euzetia lamothei PULIDO-FLORES & MONKS, 2008
    • PULIDO-FLORES, G. et.al. (2008) [21496]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]

Cestoda
  • Dioecotaenia campbelli MAYES & BROOKS, 1981
  • Dioecotaenia cancellata (LINTON, 1890)
  • Dioecotaenia sp.
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (1999) [16929]
  • Duplicibothrium minutum WILLIAMS & CAMPBELL, 1978
  • Duplicibothrium sp.
  • Eniochobothrium sp.
  • Glyphobothrium zwerneri WILLIAMS & CAMPBELL, 1977
    • WILLIAMS, A.D. et.al. (1977) [16189]
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (1999) [16929]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Halysioncum bonasum (WILLIAMS & CAMPBELL, 1980)
  • Mecistobothrium brevispine (LINTON, 1897)
  • Nybelinia sp.
  • Rhinoptericola megacantha CARVAJAL & CAMPBELL, 1975
  • Rhodobothrium paucitesticulare MAYES & BROOKS, 1981
  • Tylocephalum bonasum CAMPBELL & WILLIAMS, 1984
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (1984) [16276]
  • Tylocephalum brooksi IVANOV & CAMPBELL, 2000
    • IVANOV, V.A. et.al. (2000) [16202]
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]
  • Tylocephalum marsupium LINTON, 1916
  • Tylocephalum pingue LINTON, 1890
  • Tylocephalum sp.
  • Zygorhynchus sp.

Copepoda
  • Eudactylina squamosa BERE, 1936

Synonyms: Raja quadriloba
Common name: Cownose ray
Original description species: (MITCHILL, 1815)
Genus: Rhinoptera CUVIER, 1829
Family: Rhinopteridae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhinoptera brasiliensis (42)
MÜLLER, 1836
Cestoda
  • Rhinoptericola megacantha CARVAJAL & CAMPBELL, 1975
    • NAPOLEÃO, S.R. et.al. (2015) [22869]
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]

Synonyms: Raja brasiliensis
Common name: Ticon cownose ray
Original description species: MÜLLER, 1836
Genus: Rhinoptera CUVIER, 1829
Family: Rhinopteridae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhinoptera javanica (108)
MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Monogenea
  • Benedeniella macrocolpa (LÜHE, 1906) YAMAGUTI, 1963

Cestoda
  • Eniochobothrium gracile SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906
  • Eniochobothrium qatarense AL KAWARI, SAOUD & WANAS, 1994
    • AL KAWARI, K.S.R. et.al. (1994) [16170]
  • Halysioncum rhinoptera (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906)
  • Phyllobothrium rhinoptera VIJAYALAKSHMI & SARADA, 1996
    • VIJAYALAKSHMI, C. et.al. (1996) [8187]
  • Tetrarhynchobothrium unionifactor (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1904)

Isopoda
  • Gnathia maculosa OTA & HIROSE, 2009
  • Gnathia rufescens OTA, 2015
  • Gnathia teruyukiae OTA, 2011
  • Gnathia trimaculata COETZEE, SMIT, GRUTTER & DAVIES, 2009

Synonyms: Rhinoptera adspersa
Common name: Javanese cownose ray
Original description species: MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Genus: Rhinoptera CUVIER, 1829
Family: Rhinopteridae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhinoptera jayakari (30)
BOULENGER, 1895
Cestoda
  • Nybelinia goreensis DOLLFUS, 1960
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]

Synonyms: Rhinoptera sewelli
Common name: Oman cownose ray
Original description species: BOULENGER, 1895
Genus: Rhinoptera CUVIER, 1829
Family: Rhinopteridae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhinoptera marginata (53)
(GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1817)
Copepoda
  • Pseudocharopinus malleus (RUDOLPHI IN VON NORDMANN, 1832)
    • RAIBAUT, A. et.al. (1998) [16609]

Synonyms: Myliobatis marginata
Common name: Lusitanian cownose ray
Original description species: (GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1817)
Genus: Rhinoptera CUVIER, 1829
Family: Rhinopteridae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhinoptera neglecta (30)
OGILBY, 1912
Monogenea
  • Benedeniella macrocolpa (LÜHE, 1906) YAMAGUTI, 1963
  • Euzetia occultum CHISHOLM & WHITTINGTON, 2001
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2001) [7375]

Cestoda
  • Eniochobothrium euaxos JENSEN, 2005
  • Eniochobothrium sp.
  • Halysioncum sp.
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2013) [19536]
  • Nybelinia aequidentata (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906)
  • Polypocephalus helmuti JENSEN, 2005
  • Prochristianella jensenae SCHAEFFNER & BEVERIDGE, 2012
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [17404]

Synonyms: Rhinoptera cf. neglecta
Common name: Australian cownose ray
Original description species: OGILBY, 1912
Genus: Rhinoptera CUVIER, 1829
Family: Rhinopteridae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhinoptera steindachneri (68)
EVERMANN & JENKINS, 1891
Monogenea
  • Denarycotyle gardneri PULIDO-FLORES, MONKS & VIOLANTE-GONZÁLEZ, 2015
    • PULIDO-FLORES, G. et.al. (2015) [23407]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Heterocotyle sp.
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]

Cestoda
  • Duplicibothrium cairae RUHNKE, CURRAN & HOLBERT, 2000
    • RUHNKE, T.R. et.al. (2000) [7373]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Duplicibothrium paulum RUHNKE, CURRAN & HOLBERT, 2000
    • RUHNKE, T.R. et.al. (2000) [7373]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Eniochobothrium sp.
  • Halysioncum bonasum (WILLIAMS & CAMPBELL, 1980)
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2013) [19536]
  • Halysioncum fautleyae (TYLER & CAIRA, 1999)
    • TYLER, G.A. et.al. (1999) [7627]
    • TYLER, G.A. (2006) [16430]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Halysioncum mexicanum (TYLER & CAIRA, 1999)
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2013) [19536]
  • Phyllobothrium sp.
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Rhinoptericola megacantha CARVAJAL & CAMPBELL, 1975
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Rhinoptericola sp.
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Serendip danbrooksi MONKS, ZARAGOZA-TAPIA, PULIDO-FLORES & VIOLANTE-GONZALEZ, 2015
    • MONKS, S. et.al. (2015) [23054]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Serendip deborahae BROOKS & BARRIGA, 1995
    • BROOKS, D.R. et.al. (1995) [7615]
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]
  • Tylocephalum sp.
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
    • JENSEN, K. et.al. (2016) [23959]

Copepoda
  • Eudactylina squamosa BERE, 1936

Synonyms: Rhinoptera cf. steindachneri
Common name: Pacific cownose ray
Original description species: EVERMANN & JENKINS, 1891
Genus: Rhinoptera CUVIER, 1829
Family: Rhinopteridae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhizoprionodon acutus (215)
(RÜPPELL, 1837)
Cestoda
  • Anthobothrium laciniatum LINTON, 1890
  • Anthobothrium spinosum SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
  • Balanobothrium carchariasae BHAGWAN & SHINDE, 2002
    • BHAGWAN, H.K. et.al. (2002) [21460]
  • Callitetrarhynchus gracilis (RUDOLPHI, 1819) PINTNER, 1931
  • Doliobothrium musculosum (SUBHAPRADHA, 1955)
  • Hornelliella palasoorahi ZAIDI & KHAN, 1976
  • Nybelinia dighai PRAMANIK & MANNA, 2006
    • PRAMANIK, P.B. et.al. (2006) [16375]
  • Nybelinia indica CHANDRA, 1986
  • Nybelinia sp.
  • Otobothrium australe PALM, 2004
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2013) [17826]
  • Otobothrium carcharidis (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906)
  • Otobothrium minutum SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
  • Otobothrium sp.
  • Phoreiobothrium arabiansi SHINDE, JADHAV & MOHEKAR, 1984
    • SHINDE, G.B. et.al. (1984) [16167]
  • Phoreiobothrium girjamami SHINDE, MOTINGE & PARDESHI, 1993
    • SHINDE, G.B. et.al. (1993) [16405]
  • Phoreiobothrium jahki CAIRA & JENSEN, 2015
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2015) [23548]
  • Phoreiobothrium nadiae CAIRA & JENSEN, 2015
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2015) [23548]
  • Phoreiobothrium ratnagiriensis SHINDE & JADHAV, 1987
    • SHINDE, G.B. et.al. (1987) [16394]
  • Phoreiobothrium shindei SHINDE, JADHAV & JADHAV, 1990
    • SHINDE, G.B. et.al. (1990) [16243]
  • Phoreiobothrium swaki CAIRA & JENSEN, 2015
    • CAIRA, J.N. et.al. (2015) [23548]
  • Phoreiobothrium vinodae JADHAV, 1993
  • Phyllobothrium typicum SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
  • Platybothrium veravalensis DESHMUKH, SHINDE & JADHAV, 1977
  • Poecilancistrium caryophyllum (DIESING, 1850) DOLLFUS, 1929
  • Polypocephalus waltairensis MOTE, 2012
  • Prochristianella aciculata BEVERIDGE & JUSTINE, 2010
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [17404]
  • Proemotobothrium southwelli BEVERIDGE & CAMPBELL, 2001
  • Pterobothrium acanthotruncatum ESCALANTE & CARVAJAL, 1984
  • Tentacularia coryphaenae BOSC, 1797

Nematoda
  • Anisakis simplex (RUDOLPHI, 1809)
    • PENG, W.-F. et.al. (2011) [21235]

Copepoda
  • Echthrogaleus coleoptratus (GUÉRIN-MÉNEVILLE, 1837)
  • Eudactylina aspera HELLER, 1865
  • Kroyeria spatulata PEARSE, 1948
  • Nesippus crypturus HELLER, 1868
  • Nesippus orientalis HELLER, 1868
  • Pandarus smithii RATHBUN, 1886
  • Perissopus dentatus STEENSTRUP & LÜTKEN, 1861
  • Pseudopandarus australis CRESSEY & SIMPFENDORFER, 1988
    • CRESSEY, R.F. et.al. (1988) [16579]
    • SIMPFENDORFER, C.A. (1993) [16569]
    • SANTANDER-NETO, J. et.al. (2013) [19356]
    • HENDERSON, A.C. et.al. (2013) [19355]
    • BERNOT, J.P. et.al. (2017) [25052]
  • Pseudopandarus gracilis KIRTISINGHE, 1950
  • Pseudopandarus longus (GNANAMUTHU, 1951)

Synonyms: Carcharias (Scoliodon) crenidens
Common name: Milk shark
Original description species: (RÜPPELL, 1837)
Genus: Rhizoprionodon WHITLEY, 1929
Family: Carcharhinidae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhizoprionodon lalandii (74)
(MÜLLER & HENLE, 1839)
Cestoda
  • Poecilancistrium caryophyllum (DIESING, 1850) DOLLFUS, 1929

Synonyms: Rhizoprionodon (Protozygaena) lalandei
Common name: Brazilian sharpnose shark
Original description species: (MÜLLER & HENLE, 1839)
Genus: Rhizoprionodon WHITLEY, 1929
Family: Carcharhinidae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhizoprionodon taylori (70)
(OGILBY, 1915)
Cestoda
  • Otobothrium carcharidis (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906)
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2013) [17826]

Copepoda
  • Perissopus dentatus STEENSTRUP & LÜTKEN, 1861
    • SIMPFENDORFER, C.A. (1993) [16569]
  • Pseudopandarus australis CRESSEY & SIMPFENDORFER, 1988
    • CRESSEY, R.F. et.al. (1988) [16579]
    • BERNOT, J.P. et.al. (2017) [25052]

Synonyms: Rhizoprionodon (Protozygaena) taylori
Common name: Australian sharpnose shark
Original description species: (OGILBY, 1915)
Genus: Rhizoprionodon WHITLEY, 1929
Family: Carcharhinidae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (215)
(RICHARDSON, 1836)
Monogenea
  • Loimos scitulus BUHRNHEIM, 1972
    • COHEN, S.C. et.al. (2013) [22565]
  • Loimos scoliodoni (MANTER, 1938) MANTER, 1944

Cestoda
  • Anthobothrium sp.
  • Callitetrarhynchus gracilis (RUDOLPHI, 1819) PINTNER, 1931
  • Dasyrhynchus giganteus (DIESING 1850) PINTNER 1929
  • Nybelinia fayapaulazariahi REIMER, 1980
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]
  • Nybelinia jayapaulazariahi REIMER, 1980
  • Nybelinia sp.
  • Otobothrium cysticum (MAYER, 1842)
  • Otobothrium insigne LINTON, 1905
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2013) [17826]
  • Otobothrium penetrans LINTON, 1907
  • Paraorygmatobothrium sp.
  • Phoreiobothrium sp.
  • Poecilancistrium caryophyllum (DIESING, 1850) DOLLFUS, 1929
  • Pterobothrium heteracanthum DIESING, 1850
  • Triloculatum triloculatum (LINTON, 1901)

Trematoda
  • Selachohemecus olsoni SHORT, 1954
    • BULLARD, S.A. et.al. (2006) [7400]

Nematoda
  • Huffmanela markgracei RUIZ & BULLARD, 2013

Copepoda
  • Kroeyerina deetsorum BENZ, SMITH & BULLARD, 2001
    • BENZ, G.W. et.al. (2001) [7592]

Synonyms: Rhizoprionodon cf. terra-novae
Common name: Atlantic sharpnose shark
Original description species: (RICHARDSON, 1836)
Genus: Rhizoprionodon WHITLEY, 1929
Family: Carcharhinidae JORDAN & EVERMANN, 1896
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Superorder: Galeomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhynchobatus australiae (48)
WHITLEY, 1939
Cestoda
  • Dollfusiella ocallaghani (BEVERIDGE, 1990) BEVERIDGE & JONES, 2000
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2009) [16972]
  • Parachristianella monomegacantha KRUSE, 1959
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2009) [16972]
  • Stoibocephalum koenneckeorum JENSEN, 2005

Synonyms: Rhynchobatus djiddensis australiae
Common name: Whitespotted wedgefish
Original description species: WHITLEY, 1939
Genus: Rhynchobatus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Rhinidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhynchobatus djiddensis (127)
(FORSSKÅL, 1775)
Monogenea
  • Neoheterocotyle bychowskyi (TIMOFEEVA, 1981) CHISHOLM, 1994
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17439]
  • Neoheterocotyle djiddensis (PILLAI & PILLAI, 1976) CHISHOLM & WHITTINGTON, 1997
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17439]
  • Neoheterocotyle nagibinae (TIMOFEEVA, 1981) CHISHOLM, 1994
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17439]
  • Neoheterocotyle rhinobatis (PILLAI & PILLAI, 1976) CHISHOLM & WHITTINGTON, 1997
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17439]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2001) [23992]
  • Neoheterocotyle rhynchobatis (TRIPATHI, 1959) CHISHOLM, 1994
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17439]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium bartonae CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium dujardinii VAN BENEDEN, 1849
  • Acanthobothrium gibsoni CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium lasti CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium rhynchobatidis SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
  • Acanthobothrium rhynchobatidis rotundum SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
  • Acanthobothrium xiamenensis YANG & LIN, 1994
  • Anthobothrium septatum SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
  • Anthobothrium veravalensis SHINDE, JADHAV & MOHEKAR, 1981
    • SHINDE, G.B. et.al. (1981) [16161]
  • Balanobothrium southwelli SHINDE, 1982
  • Didymorhynchus southwelli BEVERIDGE & CAMPBELL, 1988
  • Doliobothrium musculosum (SUBHAPRADHA, 1955)
  • Dollfusiella michiae (SOUTHWELL, 1929)
  • Echeneibothrium shindei BHAWARE, 1993
  • Echeneibothrium verticillatum SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
  • Echinobothrium djeddensis (PRAMANIK & MANNA, 2005)
    • PRAMANIK, P.B. et.al. (2005) [16372]
  • Eutetrarhynchus leucomelanus (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906)
  • Halysiorhynchus macrocephalus (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906)
  • Heteronybelinia nipponica (YAMAGUTI, 1952)
  • Heteronybelinia perideraeus (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906)
  • Kotorella pronosoma (STOSSICH, 1901)
  • Lecanicephalum sp.
    • TIAN, H.-M. et.al. (2008) [24952]
  • Marsupiobothrium karbharii DESHMUKH & SHINDE, 1975
    • DESHMUKH, R.A. et.al. (1975) [16297]
  • Marsupiobothrium rhynchobati SHINDE & DESHMUKH, 1980
    • SHINDE, G.B. et.al. (1980) [16400]
  • Mixonybelinia edwinlintoni (DOLLFUS, 1960)
  • Orectolobicestus chiloscylli (SUBHAPRADHA, 1955) RUHNKE, CAIRA & CARPENTER, 2006
    • SUBHAPRADHA, C.K. (1955) [16423]
    • RUHNKE, T.R. et.al. (2006) [7406]
  • Parachristianella baverstocki BEVERIDGE, 1990
  • Parachristianella indonesiensis PALM, 2004
  • Parachristianella monomegacantha KRUSE, 1959
  • Phyllobothrium minimum SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
  • Polypocephalus alii SHINDE & JADHAV, 1981
    • SHINDE, G.B. et.al. (1981) [16164]
  • Polypocephalus coronatus SUBHAPRADHA, 1951
  • Polypocephalus djeddensis JADHAV & SHINDE, 1989
    • JADHAV, D.H. et.al. (1989) [16242]
  • Polypocephalus himanshui PRAMANIK & MANNA, 2006
    • PRAMANIK, P.B. et.al. (2006) [16376]
  • Polypocephalus katpurensis SHINDE & JADHAV, 1981
    • SHINDE, G.B. et.al. (1981) [16164]
  • Polypocephalus lintoni SUBHAPRADHA, 1951
  • Polypocephalus rhynchobatidis SUBHAPRADHA, 1951
  • Polypocephalus singhii SHINDE & JADHAV, 1981
    • SHINDE, G.B. et.al. (1981) [16164]
  • Polypocephalus sp.
    • TIAN, H.-M. et.al. (2008) [24952]
  • Polypocephalus vitellaris SUBHAPRADHA, 1951
  • Prochristianella clarkeae BEVERIDGE, 1990
  • Proemotobothrium linstowi (SOUTHWELL, 1912)
  • Tetrarhynchus rhynchobatidis SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906
  • Trigonolobium spinuliferum (SOUTHWELL, 1911) DOLLFUS, 1929
  • Tylocephalum elongatum SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
    • SUBHAPRADHA, C.K. (1955) [16423]
    • PRAMANIK, P.B. et.al. (2007) [16377]
  • Tylocephalum hanmantraoi SHINDE & JADHAV, 1990
    • SHINDE, G.B. et.al. (1990) [16157]
  • Tylocephalum minimum SUBHAPRADHA, 1955
  • Zygorhynchus elongatus BEVERIDGE & CAMPBELL, 1988

Nematoda
  • Echinocephalus overstreeti DEARDORFF & KO, 1983
  • Mawsonascaris australis (JOHNSTON & MAWSON, 1943)
  • Mawsonascaris sp.

Copepoda
  • Nesippus vespa KIRTISINGHE, 1964

Isopoda
  • Gnathia maculosa OTA & HIROSE, 2009
  • Gnathia teruyukiae OTA, 2011
  • Gnathia trimaculata COETZEE, SMIT, GRUTTER & DAVIES, 2009

Synonyms: Rhynchobatus djbddensis
Common name: Giant guitarfish
Original description species: (FORSSKÅL, 1775)
Genus: Rhynchobatus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Rhinidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhynchobatus laevis (26)
(BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801)
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium bobconniorum FYLER & CAIRA, 2010
    • FYLER, C.A. et.al. (2010) [16088]
  • Acanthobothrium hypermekkolpos FYLER & CAIRA, 2010
    • FYLER, C.A. et.al. (2010) [16088]
  • Acanthobothrium jeanneae FYLER & CAIRA, 2010
    • FYLER, C.A. et.al. (2010) [16088]
  • Acanthobothrium matttaylori FYLER & CAIRA, 2010
    • FYLER, C.A. et.al. (2010) [16088]

Synonyms: Rhynchobatus yentinensis
Common name: Smooth nose wedgefish
Original description species: (BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801)
Genus: Rhynchobatus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Rhinidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rhynchobatus palpebratus (11)
COMPAGNO & LAST, 2008
Cestoda
  • Prochristianella clarkeae BEVERIDGE, 1990
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [17404]

Common name: Eyebrow wedgefish
Original description species: COMPAGNO & LAST, 2008
Genus: Rhynchobatus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Rhinidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rioraja agassizii (30)
(MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841)
Myxosporea
  • Chloromyxum riorajum AZEVEDO, CASAL, GARCIA, MATOS, TELES-GRILO & MATOS, 2009
    • AZEVEDO, C. et.al. (2009) [9088]

Monogenea
  • Calicotyle splendens (SZIDAT, 1970) TIMOFEEVA, 1985
    • COHEN, S.C. et.al. (2013) [22565]

Nematoda
  • Pseudanisakis sulameri SANTOS, LENT & GIBSON, 2004
    • SANTOS, C.P. et.al. (2004) [7387]

Copepoda
  • Brianella corniger WILSON, 1915
    • IRIGOITIA, M.M. et.al. (2016) [24671]

Synonyms: Uraptera agassizii
Common name: Rio skate
Original description species: (MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841)
Genus: Rioraja WHITLEY, 1939
Family: Arhynchobatidae FOWLER, 1934
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rostroraja alba (83)
(LACÉPÈDE, 1803)
Monogenea
  • Rajonchocotyle alba CERFONTAINE, 1899
  • Rajonchocotyle blandae SPROSTON, 1946
  • Rajonchocotyle sp.
    • VAUGHAN, D.B. et.al. (2012) [21223]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium filicolle (ZSCHOKKE, 1887)
  • Acanthobothrium filicolle paulum LINTON, 1891
  • Acanthobothrium rajaebatis (RUDOLPHI, 1809)
  • Acanthobothrium sp.
  • Echinobothrium affine DIESING, 1863

Copepoda
  • Schistobrachia kabata DIPPENAAR, 2016
  • Trebius caudatus KRØYER, 1838

Isopoda
  • Ceratothoa steindachneri (KOELBEL, 1878)
    • MOREIRA, P.S. et.al. (1978) [23898]

Synonyms: Raia marginata
Common name: Bottlenosed skate
Original description species: (LACÉPÈDE, 1803)
Genus: Rostroraja HULLEY, 1972
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rostroraja cervigoni (17)
(BIGELOW & SCHROEDER, 1964)
Monogenea
  • Calicotyle sp.
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17436]

Synonyms: Raja cervigoni
Common name: Finspot ray
Original description species: (BIGELOW & SCHROEDER, 1964)
Genus: Rostroraja HULLEY, 1972
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rostroraja eglanteria (161)
(LACEPÈDE (ex BOSC), 1800)
Monogenea
  • Empruthotrema raiae (MACCALLUM, 1916) JOHNSTON & TIEGS, 1922

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium floridensis GOLDSTEIN, 1964
  • Acanthobothrium paulum LINTON, 1890
  • Grillotia erinaceus (VAN BENEDEN, 1858)
  • Lacistorhynchus tenuis (VAN BENEDEN, 1858)

Nematoda
  • Metanisakis tricupola (GIBSON, 1973)
    • BRUCE, N.L. et.al. (1994) [17029]

Hirudinea
  • Branchellion ravenelii (GIRARD, 1851)
    • SAWYER, R.T. et.al. (1975) [17101]
  • Cystobranchus vividus VERRILL, 1872
    • SAWYER, R.T. et.al. (1975) [17101]

Synonyms: Raja eglanteria
Common name: Clearnose skate
Original description species: (LACEPÈDE (ex BOSC), 1800)
Genus: Rostroraja HULLEY, 1972
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rostroraja texana (29)
(CHANDLER, 1921)
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium floridensis GOLDSTEIN, 1964
    • VARDO-ZALIK, A.M. et.al. (2011) [13116]
  • Acanthobothrium ulmeri VARDO-ZALIK & CAMPBELL, 2011
    • VARDO-ZALIK, A.M. et.al. (2011) [13116]
  • Acanthobothrium westi VARDO-ZALIK & CAMPBELL, 2011
    • VARDO-ZALIK, A.M. et.al. (2011) [13116]

Synonyms: Raja texana
Common name: Roundel skate
Original description species: (CHANDLER, 1921)
Genus: Rostroraja HULLEY, 1972
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Rostroraja velezi (47)
(CHIRICHIGNO, 1973)
Cestoda
  • Echeneibothrium sp.
    • HEALY, C.J. et.al. (2009) [16908]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]

Synonyms: Raja velezi
Common name: Velez ray
Original description species: (CHIRICHIGNO, 1973)
Genus: Rostroraja HULLEY, 1972
Family: Rajidae BONAPARTE, 1831
Suborder: Rajoidei
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii