Urobatis concentricus (26)
OSBURN & NICHOLS, 1916
Monogenea
  • Listrocephalos guberleti (CABALLERO & BRAVO-HOLLIS, 1962)
    • BULLARD, S.A. et.al. (2004) [7595]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]

Cestoda
  • Halysioncum hoffmanorum (TYLER, 2001)

Synonyms: Urolophus concentricus
Common name: Spot-on-spot round ray
Original description species: OSBURN & NICHOLS, 1916
Genus: Urobatis GARMAN, 1913
Family: Urotrygonidae MCEACHRAN ET AL., 1996
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urobatis halleri (92)
(COOPER, 1863)
Conoidasida
  • Eimeria chollaensis UPTON, GARDNER & DUSZYNSKI, 1988
    • UPTON, S.J. et.al. (1988) [12584]

Monogenea
  • Calicotyle urobati BULLARD & OVERSTREET, 2000
    • BULLARD, S.A. et.al. (2000) [7567]
  • Listrocephalos guberleti (CABALLERO & BRAVO-HOLLIS, 1962)
    • BULLARD, S.A. et.al. (2004) [7595]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium olseni DAILEY & MUDRY, 1968
    • FRIGGENS, M.M. et.al. (2005) [15084]
  • Acanthobothrium parviuncinatum YOUNG, 1954
  • Acanthobothrium sp.
    • FRIGGENS, M.M. et.al. (2005) [15084]
  • Anthobothrium oligorchidum YOUNG, 1954
  • Caulobothrium multorchidum (YOUNG, 1954) APPY & DAILEY, 1977
  • Dollfusiella cortezensis (FRIGGENS & DUSZYNSKI, 2005)
    • FRIGGENS, M.M. et.al. (2005) [16214]
    • MENORET, A. et.al. (2015) [23434]
  • Dollfusiella schmidti (HEINZ & DAILEY, 1974) BEVERIDGE, NEIFAR & EUZET, 2004
  • Dollfusiella sp.
  • Eutetrarhynchus sp.
    • FRIGGENS, M.M. et.al. (2005) [15084]
  • Grillotia (Christianella) sp.
  • Halysioncum hoffmanorum (TYLER, 2001)
  • Mecistobothrium myliobati HEINZ & DAILEY, 1974
  • Oncomegas paulinae TOTH, CAMPBELL & SCHMIDT, 1992
  • Parachristianella trygonis DOLLFUS, 1946
  • Phyllobothrium sp.
    • FRIGGENS, M.M. et.al. (2005) [15084]
  • Prochristianella minima HEINZ & DAILEY, 1974
  • Prochristianella multidum FRIGGENS & DUSZYNSKI, 2005
    • FRIGGENS, M.M. et.al. (2005) [16214]
  • Prochristianella sp.
  • Rhinebothrium bilobatum (YOUNG, 1955) APPY & DAILEY, 1977
  • Rhinebothrium chollaensis FRIGGENS & DUSZYNSKI, 2005
    • FRIGGENS, M.M. et.al. (2005) [16214]
  • Rhinebothrium gravidum FRIGGENS & DUSZYNSKI, 2005
    • FRIGGENS, M.M. et.al. (2005) [16214]
  • Rhinebothrium sp.
    • FRIGGENS, M.M. et.al. (2005) [15084]
  • Rhinebothrium urobatidium (YOUNG, 1955) APPY & DAILEY, 1977

Synonyms: Urolophus umbrifer
Common name: Haller's round ray
Original description species: (COOPER, 1863)
Genus: Urobatis GARMAN, 1913
Family: Urotrygonidae MCEACHRAN ET AL., 1996
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urobatis jamaicensis (64)
(CUVIER, 1816)
Monogenea
  • Dendromonocotyle octodiscus HARGIS, 1955
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2001) [23992]
    • PULIDO-FLORES, G. et.al. (2005) [21204]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium cartagenensis BROOKS & MAYES, 1980
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]
  • Anthocephalum kingae (SCHMIDT, 1978) RUHNKE & SEAMAN, 2009
    • RUHNKE, T.R. et.al. (2009) [7417]
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]
  • Parachristianella caribbensis (KOVACS & SCHMIDT, 1980)
  • Prochristianella thalassia (KOVACS & SCHMIDT, 1980)
  • Scalithrium magniphallum (BROOKS, 1977) BALL, NEIFAR & EUZET, 2003
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]

Hirudinea
  • Branchellion torpedinis SAVIGNY, 1822
    • MARANCIK, D.P. et.al. (2012) [17249]

Synonyms: Trygonobatus torpedinus
Common name: Yellow stingray
Original description species: (CUVIER, 1816)
Genus: Urobatis GARMAN, 1913
Family: Urotrygonidae MCEACHRAN ET AL., 1996
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urobatis maculatus (25)
GARMAN, 1913
Monogenea
  • Calicotyle urobati BULLARD & OVERSTREET, 2000
    • BULLARD, S.A. et.al. (2000) [7567]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Listrocephalos guberleti (CABALLERO & BRAVO-HOLLIS, 1962)
    • BULLARD, S.A. et.al. (2004) [7595]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium sp.
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Anthocephalum michaeli RUHNKE & SEAMAN, 2009
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Halysioncum hoffmanorum (TYLER, 2001)
  • Parachristianella parva CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2007
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2007) [21205]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Rhinebothrium sp.
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]

Trematoda
  • Anaporrhutum euzeti CURRAN, BLEND & OVERSTREET, 2003
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Pleorchis magniporus ARAI, 1963
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]
  • Probolitrema richiardii (LÓPEZ, 1888)
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]

Synonyms: Urolophus maculatus
Common name: Spotted round ray
Original description species: GARMAN, 1913
Genus: Urobatis GARMAN, 1913
Family: Urotrygonidae MCEACHRAN ET AL., 1996
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urobatis tumbesensis (21)
(CHIRICHIGNO & McEACHRAN, 1979)
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium minusculus MARQUES, BROOKS & BARRIGA, 1997
    • MARQUES, F. et.al. (1997) [7617]
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]
  • Anthocephalum hobergi (ZAMPARO, BROOKS & BARRIGA, 1999)
    • ZAMPARO, D. et.al. (1999) [7604]
    • MARQUES, F.P.L. et.al. (2016) [24181]
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]

Synonyms: Urolophus tumbesensis
Common name: Tumbes round stingray
Original description species: (CHIRICHIGNO & McEACHRAN, 1979)
Genus: Urobatis GARMAN, 1913
Family: Urotrygonidae MCEACHRAN ET AL., 1996
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urogymnus asperrimus (93)
(BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801)
Monogenea
  • Dendromonocotyle pipinna CHISHOLM & WHITTINGTON, 2004
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2004) [7386]
  • Dendromonocotyle urogymni CHISHOLM & WHITTINGTON, 2009
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2009) [8717]
  • Neoentobdella baggioi WHITTINGTON & KEARN, 2009
    • WHITTINGTON, I.D. et.al. (2009) [9458]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium coronatum (RUDOLPHI, 1819) VAN BENEDEN, 1850
  • Phyllobothrium lintoni (SOUTHWELL, 1912)
  • Phyllobothrium pammicrum SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906
  • Pillersium owenium SOUTHWELL, 1927
  • Prochristianella butlerae BEVERIDGE, 1990
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [17404]
  • Rhinebothrium devaneyi BROOKS & DEARDORFF, 1988
    • BROOKS, D.R. et.al. (1988) [7609]
  • Tetragonocephalum sp.

Nematoda
  • Echinocephalus overstreeti DEARDORFF & KO, 1983
    • BROOKS, D.R. et.al. (1988) [7609]
    • JUSTINE, J.-L. (2010) [16100]

Hirudinea
  • Pterobdella amara KABURAKI, 1921

Synonyms: Anacanthus africanus
Common name: Porcupine ray
Original description species: (BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801)
Genus: Urogymnus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Dasyatidae JORDAN, 1888
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urogymnus granulatus (54)
(MACLEAY, 1883)
Monogenea
  • Heterocotyle granulatae YOUNG, 1967
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1996) [9644]
  • Monocotyle granulatae YOUNG, 1967

Cestoda
  • Polypocephalus sp.
  • Prochristianella clarkeae BEVERIDGE, 1990
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [17404]
  • Rhinebothrium himanturi WILLIAMS, 1964
  • Rhinebothrium sp.

Acanthocephala
  • Parahadinorhynchus sp.
    • WEAVER, H.J. et.al. (2014) [20542]

Synonyms: Himantura granulata
Common name: Mangrove whipray
Original description species: (MACLEAY, 1883)
Genus: Urogymnus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Dasyatidae JORDAN, 1888
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urogymnus lobistoma (10)
(MANJAJI-MATSUMOTO & LAST, 2006)
Cestoda
  • Cavearhynchus foveatus SCHAEFFNER & BEVERIDGE, 2012
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [15789]
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]
  • Dollfusiella michiae (SOUTHWELL, 1929)
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2013) [19694]
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]
  • Dollfusiella spinulifera (BEVERIDGE & JONES, 2000)
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2013) [19694]
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]
  • Parachristianella baverstocki BEVERIDGE, 1990
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]
  • Parachristianella indonesiensis PALM, 2004
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]
  • Parachristianella monomegacantha KRUSE, 1959
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]
  • Prochristianella clarkeae BEVERIDGE, 1990
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [17404]
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]
  • Zygorhynchus borneensis BEVERIDGE, 2008
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]

Synonyms: Himantura lobistoma
Common name: Tubemouth whipray
Original description species: (MANJAJI-MATSUMOTO & LAST, 2006)
Genus: Urogymnus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Dasyatidae JORDAN, 1888
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urogymnus polylepis (12)
(BLEEKER, 1852)
Cestoda
  • Prochristianella clarkeae BEVERIDGE, 1990
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [17404]
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]
  • Proemotobothrium linstowi (SOUTHWELL, 1912)
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2014) [21816]

Synonyms: Himantura polylepis
Common name: Scaly whipray
Original description species: (BLEEKER, 1852)
Genus: Urogymnus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Dasyatidae JORDAN, 1888
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urolophus aurantiacus (39)
MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Isopoda
  • Gnathia trimaculata COETZEE, SMIT, GRUTTER & DAVIES, 2009

Common name: Sepia stingray
Original description species: MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Genus: Urolophus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Urolophidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urolophus bucculentus (29)
MACLEAY, 1884
Monogenea
  • Calicotyle urolophi CHISHOLM, BEVERLEY-BURTON & LAST, 1991
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1991) [17868]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17436]
  • Merizocotyle urolophi CHISHOLM & WHITTINGTON, 1999
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2001) [23992]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium robertsoni CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]

Synonyms: Trygonoptera bucculenta
Common name: Sandyback stingaree
Original description species: MACLEAY, 1884
Genus: Urolophus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Urolophidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urolophus cruciatus (43)
(LACEPÈDE, 1804)
Monogenea
  • Acanthocotyle urolophi KEARN, WHITTINGTON, CHISHOLM & EVANS-GOWING, 2016
  • Calicotyle urolophi CHISHOLM, BEVERLEY-BURTON & LAST, 1991
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1991) [17868]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17436]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2001) [7377]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2001) [23992]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium clarkeae CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Dollfusiella martini (BEVERIDGE, 1990)

Synonyms: Urolophus ephippiatus
Common name: Crossback stingaree
Original description species: (LACEPÈDE, 1804)
Genus: Urolophus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Urolophidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urolophus expansus (23)
MCCULLOCH, 1916
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium adlardi CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium clarkeae CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium odonoghuei CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium robertsoni CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Prochristianella clarkeae BEVERIDGE, 1990

Common name: Wide stingaree
Original description species: MCCULLOCH, 1916
Genus: Urolophus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Urolophidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urolophus gigas (16)
SCOTT, 1954
Cestoda
  • Pterobothrium platycephalum (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906) DOLLFUS, 1930
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [15789]

Common name: Spotted stingaree
Original description species: SCOTT, 1954
Genus: Urolophus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Urolophidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urolophus lobatus (21)
MCKAY, 1966
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium adlardi CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium odonoghuei CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium robertsoni CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium rohdei CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]

Common name: Lobed stingaree
Original description species: MCKAY, 1966
Genus: Urolophus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Urolophidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urolophus paucimaculatus (42)
DIXON, 1969
Monogenea
  • Calicotyle urolophi CHISHOLM, BEVERLEY-BURTON & LAST, 1991
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1991) [17868]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1997) [17436]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2001) [7377]
  • Merizocotyle urolophi CHISHOLM & WHITTINGTON, 1999
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (1999) [17002]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium adlardi CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium clarkeae CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium urolophi SCHMIDT, 1973
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2002) [16128]
  • Dollfusiella geraschmidti (DOLLFUS, 1974)
  • Pterobothrium platycephalum (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906) DOLLFUS, 1930
    • SCHAEFFNER, B.C. et.al. (2012) [15789]
  • Trimacracanthus aetobatidis (ROBINSON, 1959)

Synonyms: Trygonoptera paucimaculatus
Common name: Sparsely-spotted stingaree
Original description species: DIXON, 1969
Genus: Urolophus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Urolophidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urolophus viridis (24)
MCCULLOCH, 1916
Monogenea
  • Calicotyle sp.
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2001) [7377]
    • CHISHOLM, L.A. et.al. (2001) [23992]

Common name: Greenback stingaree
Original description species: MCCULLOCH, 1916
Genus: Urolophus MÜLLER & HENLE, 1837
Family: Urolophidae MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841
Order: Myliobatiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urotrygon aspidura (42)
(JORDAN & GILBERT, 1882)
Cestoda
  • Shirleyrhynchus panamensis SCHAEFFNER, 2016

Synonyms: Urotrygon aspidurus
Common name: Spiny-tail round ray
Original description species: (JORDAN & GILBERT, 1882)
Genus: Urotrygon GILL, 1863
Family: Urotrygonidae MCEACHRAN ET AL., 1996
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urotrygon chilensis (53)
(GÜNTHER, 1872)
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium campbelli MARQUES, BROOKS & MONKS, 1995
    • MARQUES, F. et.al. (1995) [7586]
    • RODRIGUEZ-ORTIZ, B. et.al. (2004) [16969]
  • Escherbothrium molinae BERMAN & BROOKS, 1994
    • BERMAN, R. et.al. (1994) [7583]
    • RODRIGUEZ-ORTIZ, B. et.al. (2004) [16969]

Synonyms: Urolophus goodei
Common name: Chilean round ray
Original description species: (GÜNTHER, 1872)
Genus: Urotrygon GILL, 1863
Family: Urotrygonidae MCEACHRAN ET AL., 1996
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urotrygon simulatrix (14)
MIYAKE & McEACHRAN, 1988
Cestoda
  • Parachristianella dimegacantha KRUSE, 1959
    • CAMPBELL, R.A. et.al. (2007) [21205]
    • IVAN MERLO-SERNA, A. et.al. (2016) [23771]

Synonyms: Urotrygon cf. simulatrix
Common name: Fake round ray
Original description species: MIYAKE & McEACHRAN, 1988
Genus: Urotrygon GILL, 1863
Family: Urotrygonidae MCEACHRAN ET AL., 1996
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Urotrygon venezuelae (30)
SCHULTZ, 1949
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium urotrygoni BROOKS & MAYES, 1980
    • BROOKS, D.R. et.al. (1980) [16266]
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]
  • Scalithrium magniphallum (BROOKS, 1977) BALL, NEIFAR & EUZET, 2003
    • BROOKS, D.R. et.al. (1980) [16266]
    • ALVES, P.V. et.al. (2017) [25154]

Common name: Venezuela round stingray
Original description species: SCHULTZ, 1949
Genus: Urotrygon GILL, 1863
Family: Urotrygonidae MCEACHRAN ET AL., 1996
Order: Rajiformes
Superorder: Batomorphii
Subcohort: Neoselachii
Cohort: Euselachii
Subclass: Elasmobranchii