Aetomylaeus bovinus

(GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1817)


Bull ray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae

Reference of the original description
GEOFFROY ST.HILAIRE, E. (1817)
Poissons du Nil, de la Mer Rouge et de la Méditerranée, In: Description de l'Egypte ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'expedition de l'Armée français, publié par les ordres de sa Majesté–L'Empereur Napoléon le Grand., pl. 18–27.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Aetobatis bovina, Aetomylaeus bovina, Myliobates episcopus, Myliobatis bonaparti, Myliobatis bovina, Myliobatis episcopus, Pteromylaeus bovina, Pteromylaeus bovinus, Pteromylaeus cf. bovina

Types
Aetomylaeus bovinus

Myliobatis bonaparti
Syntype: MNHN: 0000-2356; MNHN: A-8715 Canary Is.


Description :


Citation: Aetomylaeus bovinus (GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1817): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 11/2017

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Common names
deu \(T\) Afrikanischer adlerrochen, deu \(T\) Afrikanischer gefleckter adlerrochen, deu \(T\) Gestreifter Adlerrochen, spa Arzobispo, spa Bon Jesús, spa Chucho, spa Chucho vaca, spa Milá, spa Obispo, spa Peje obispo, spa Pez obispo, spa Ratón, fra \(T\) Aigle-vachette, fra \(T\) Mourine, fra \(T\) Mourine vachette, fra \(T\) Mourine évêque, fra \(T\) Mourine évêque bovine, fra \(T\) Raie aigle, eng Bull ray, eng Bullray, eng Duckbill, eng Duckbill ray, eng Eagle ray, ita Bugghiu, ita Colombo, ita Colombo di mare, ita Ferraccia, ita Matan, ita Muggiu, ita Nottola, ita Orineglia, ita Oxella, ita Patesse, ita Stramasso, ita Tattarita, ita Tistuni, ita Vaccarella, ita Vaccariella, ita Vacche, ita Vascarella, ita Vescovo, por Bispo, por Papa, por Peixe-bispo, por Ratao bovino, por Ratão-bispo

Short Description
Long, flat, rounded snout like a duck"quot;s bill; head thick and pectoral disc with sharply curved, angular corners; upper or lower jaw; usually with 7 rows of flat teeth [536]. Light brown with several pale blue-grey stripes (may be absent) dorsally, white ventrally [536].

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal and Morocco to Angola, including the Mediterranean, Madeira and the Canary Islands; then from Saldanha Bay to Natal (South Africa) and southern Mozambique [536].

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Biology
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Gestation about 6 months; 3-7 young produced [536]. Size at birth 45 cm WD (Ref. 6677). Feeds on fish and zoobenthos [536].

Size / Weight / Age
250 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637)); max. published weight: 83.0 kg (Ref. 3965)

Habitat
benthopelagic; brackish; marine; depth range 10 - 150 m [17687]

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
  • Empruthotrema chisholmae HERNANDEZ-ORTS, AHUIR-BARAJA, RAGA & MONTERO, 2010 [21266]
  • Heliocotyle kartasi NEIFAR & EUZET & BEN HASSINE, 1999 [21211]
  • Myliocotyle pteromylaei NEIFAR, EUZET BEN HASSINE 1999 [10846]

Cestoda
Nematoda
Copepoda
  • Pseudocharopinus pteromylaei RAIBAUT & ESSAFI, 1979 [17503]

Hirudinea
  • Branchellion torpedinis SAVIGNY, 1822 [24517]