Anoxypristis cuspidata

(LATHAM, 1794)


Knifetooth sawfish
Classification: Elasmobranchii Pristiformes Pristidae

Reference of the original description
LATHAM, J. (1794)
An essay on the various species of Sawfish. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2: 273-282, 2 pl.

Image of the original description

Anoxypristis cuspidata (LATHAM, 1794)

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Anoxypristis cuspidatus, Pristis cuspidata, Pristis cuspidatus, Pristis semisagittatus, Pristis (Anoxypristis) cuspidata, Squalus semisagittatus

Types
Anoxypristis cuspidata
Neotype: MNHN: 0000-1250;


Description:


Citation: Anoxypristis cuspidata (LATHAM, 1794): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 08/2014

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Anoxypristis cuspidata (LATHAM, 1794), © FAO, www.fish-base.org

Common names
spa Pez espada, eng Knifetooth sawfish, eng Narrow sawfish, eng Pointed saw-fish, eng Pointed sawfish, eng Saw fish, eng Saw shark, eng Sawfish

Short Description
Greyish above, pale below; fins usually pale. Body shark-like, pectoral fins distinct; head flattened, with a blade-like snout bearing 18-22 pairs of lateral teeth; blade slender, not tapering distally. Nostrils very narrow with small nasal flaps. Rostral teeth short, flattened, broadly triangular, lacking a groove along posterior margins; no teeth on basal quarter of blade. Adults with widely spaced denticles, young with naked skin.

Distribution
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and the Persian Gulf to New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia [541]. Formerly common in the Western Central Pacific, apparently declining in some areas (Ref. 47737).

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Biology
Ovoviviparous. Litter size from 6 to 23, young born in the spring [541]. Inhabits coastal waters and estuaries; probably ascends rivers but its occurrence in freshwater needs to be verified [541]. Common in sheltered bays with sandy bottoms. Feeds on small fish and cuttlefish.

Size / Weight / Age
470 cm TL (male/unsexed; [541])

Habitat
benthopelagic; amphidromous [17660]; freshwater; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 40 m [541], usually ? - 40 m (Ref. 55270)

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda