Carcharhinus albimarginatus

(RÜPPELL, 1837)


Silvertip shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae

Reference of the original description
RÜPPELL, W.P.E.S.E. (1835)
Fische des rothen Meeres. Frankfurt-am-Main. 1-148, Pls. 1-33. [1835:1-28, Pls. 1-7; 1836:29-52, Pls. 8-14; 1837:53-80, Pls. 15-21; 1838:81-148, Pls. 22-33.]

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharhinus cf. albimarginatus, Carcharhinus platyrhynchus, Carcharias albimarginatus, Carcharias albomarginatus, Carcharias platyrhynchus, Carcharias (Prionodon) albimarginatus, Carcharinus albimarginatus, Eulamia albimarginata, Eulamia platyrhynchus, Eulamia (Platypodon) platyrhynchus, Squalus (Carcharinus) albimarginatus

Types
Carcharhinus albimarginatus
Lectotype: SMF: 3582
Eulamia (Platypodon) platyrhynchus
Lectotype: USNM: 46847; Paralectotype: SU: 11556 (missing) USNM: 46846 (lost); USNM: 46850;


Description:


Citation: Carcharhinus albimarginatus (RÜPPELL, 1837): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 09/2015

Please send your images of "Carcharhinus albimarginatus" to info@shark-references.com

Carcharhinus albimarginatus (RÜPPELL, 1837), © FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ebert, D.A. 2014. On Board Guide for the Identification of Pelagic Sharks and Rays of the Western Indian Ocean. Reproduced with permission
Common names
deu \(T\) Riff-Weißspitzenhai, spa Cazón, spa Tiburón de punta plateado, spa Tiburón de puntas blancas, spa Tiburón puntas blancas, fra \(T\) Aileron blanc du récif, fra \(T\) Requin houareau, fra \(T\) Requin pointe blanche, fra \(T\) Requin à ailerons blancs de récif, eng Shark, eng Silver-tip shark, eng Silvertip shark, eng White fin, por Marracho de pontas, por Tubarão-de-pontas-prateadas

Short Description
First dorsal fin and pectoral fins angular, and not expanded; upper teeth triangular; interdorsal ridge present [17643][536]. Dark grey or grey-brown above, white below; all fins with conspicuous white tips and posterior margins [544].

Distribution
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea and East Africa, including Madagascar, Seychelles, Aldabra Group, Mauritius and the Chagos Archipelago. Western Pacific: off southern Japan to northern Australia and French Polynesia [544]. Eastern Central Pacific: southern Baja California, Mexico to Colombia, including the Cocos, Galapagos and Revillagigedo islands. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Biology
Viviparous, placental [733]. With 1 to 11 pups per litter (usually 5 or 6) [517]. Gestation period is about one year, young are born in summer [517]. Size at birth 55 to 80 cm [17644]; 713-81 cm TL [2539]. In southern hemisphere, both breeding and pupping occur in summer (Ref. 37816). Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. It is common in clear water, particularly on steep slopes [17645]. An inshore and offshore shark found over or adjacent to continental and insular shelves and offshore banks [517]. Prefers offshore islands, coral reefs and banks [517]. Benthopelagic [17640]. Feeds mainly on benthic and midwater fishes, also rays, cephalopods [17643] [517] (Ref. 37816), and small sharks (Ref. 37816).

Size / Weight / Age
300 cm TL (male/unsexed; [17644]); max. published weight: 162.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

Habitat
reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 800 m [1388], usually 20 - ? m [17642]

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Copepoda
  • Alebion carchariae KRØYER, 1863 [15303]
  • Alebion gracilis WILSON, 1905 [16583]

Isopoda
  • Gnathia albipalpebrata OTA, 2014 [22155]
  • Gnathia trimaculata COETZEE, SMIT, GRUTTER & DAVIES, 2009 [17188] [22155]