Centrophorus squamosus

(BONNATERRE, 1788)


Leafscale gulper shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Squaliformes Centrophoridae

Reference of the original description
BONNATERRE, J.P. (1788)
Ichthyologie. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature. Paris, 215 p., pl. A–B + 1–100.

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Acanthorhinus squamosus, Centrina squamosa, Centrophorus aff. squamosus, Centrophorus cf. squamosus, Centrophorus drygalskii, Centrophorus dumerili, Centrophorus dumerilii, Centrophorus ferrugineus, Centrophorus foliaceus, Centrophorus hurzeleri, Centrophorus nilsoni, Centrophorus (Somnispinax) nilsoni, Centroscymnus fuscus, Cheirostephanus hurzeleri, Encheiridiodon hendersoni, Lepidorhinus foliaceus, Lepidorhinus squamosus, Machephilus dumerilli, Squalus squamosus

Types
Centrophorus squamosus
Holotype: MNHN: A-7829
Centrophorus drygalskii
Syntype: ZSM: (old collection) lost in WW II;
Centrophorus ferrugineus
Holotype: SCSFRI: S07828;
Centrophorus foliaceus
Holotype: BMNH: 1880.5.1.2
Centrophorus nilsoni
Holotype: CMC: 180; NMNZ: P20516;
Encheiridiodon hendersoni
Holotype: SAIAB: 663;
Machephilus dumerilli
Holotype: BMNH: 1865.5.20.15


Description :


Citation: Centrophorus squamosus (BONNATERRE, 1788): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 03/2017

Please send your images of "Centrophorus squamosus" to info@shark-references.com

Centrophorus squamosus (BONNATERRE, 1788), © Ana Verissimo, Portugal
Common names
deu \(T\) Blattschuppiger Schlingerhai, deu \(T\) Brauner Dornhai, deu \(T\) Düsterer Dornhai, spa Quelvacho, spa Quelvacho negro, spa Remudo, fra \(T\) Squale-chagrin de l"Atlantique, eng Deepsea spiny dogfish, eng Deepwater spiny dogfish, eng Leaf-scale gulper shark, eng Leafscale gulper sha, eng Leafscale gulper shark, eng Nilsons deepsea dogfish, por Lixa, por Lixa de escama, por Lixa escamosa, por Xara branca

Short Description
A large gulper shark with a short, broad snout, a long, low 1st dorsal fin, short pectoral rear tips, and large, rough, leaf-like denticles [536]. Dark grey or chocolate brown in color [536].

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: Iceland and Atlantic slope to Senegal, Faeroes, Madeira, Azores, Gabon to Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, western Cape of Good Hope (South Africa). Western Indian Ocean: off Natal, South Africa [536] and Aldabra Islands Western Pacific: Japan, Philippines, southeastern Australia and New Zealand.
first record: 2013: Galápagos Islands [19596]; Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species

Biology
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Young numbers 5-8 in a litter [1388]. Size at birth 35-43 cm [578]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Found on or near the bottom of continental slopes; also found pelagically in the upper 1,250 m of water 4,000 m deep [544]. Presumably feeds on fish and cephalopods [1388] and myctophids (Ref. 58748).

Size / Weight / Age
164 cm TL (male/unsexed; [2539])

Habitat
bathydemersal; marine; depth range 145 - 2400 m [1388]

Dentition
tooth formula (upper/lower): 15-19/13-32 [1131];

Links: SEM-images of teeth

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
  • Microbothrium centrophori BRINKMANN, 1940 [17150]
  • Pseudocotyle lepidorhini GUIART, 1938 [17150]

Cestoda
  • Grillotia erinaceus (VAN BENEDEN, 1858) [16112]
  • Grillotia minor GUIART, 1935 [16112]
  • Tentacularia coryphaenae BOSC, 1797 [20703]

Nematoda
  • Anisakis simplex (RUDOLPHI, 1809) [20703]
  • Pseudoterranova ceticola (DEARDORFF & OVERSTREET, 1981) [20703]

Copepoda
  • Dinemoura ferox (KRØYER, 1838) [7597]

Isopoda
  • Aega bicarinata LEACH, 1818 [23898]
  • Aega monophthalma JOHNSTON, 1834 [23898]