Dasyatis chrysonota

(SMITH, 1828)


Blue stingray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae

Reference of the original description
SMITH, A. (1828)
Descriptions of new, or imperfectly known objects of the animal kingdom, found in the south of Africa. South African Commercial Advertiser, 3 (145): 2

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Amphotistius chrysonotus, Dasyatis cf. chrysonota, Dasyatis chrysonota chrysonota, Trygon chrysonota

Types
Dasyatis chrysonota
Neotype: SAM: 31697;


Description :


Citation: Dasyatis chrysonota (SMITH, 1828): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 03/2017

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Common names
spa Chucho, eng Blue stingray, eng Marbled stingray, eng South African blue stingray, eng Sting ray

Distribution
Southeast Atlantic: central Angola to at least St. Lucia, Natal, South Africa, possibly extending to Mozambique. Reported from the Comoros, Reunion and Madagascar [20041].

Biology
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Found in shallow bays, sheltered sandy beaches in summertime, moves to deeper waters during winter. Feeds on bony fishes and crustaceans such as crabs, shrimps and mantis shrimps.

Size / Weight / Age
75.0 cm WD (male/unsexed; (Ref. 36731))

Habitat
demersal; marine; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 36731)

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
  • Dendromonocotyle citrosa VAUGHAN, CHISHOLM & CHRISTISON, 2008 [21242]

Cestoda
  • Anthobothrium variabile (LINTON, 1899) WARDLE & MCLEOD, 1952 [11635]
  • Dollfusiella aculeata BEVERIDGE, NEIFAR & EUZEL, 2004 [7390]
  • Onchobothrium pseudouncinatum DE BEAUCHAMP, 1905 [11635]
  • Rhodobothrium pulvinatum LINTON, 1889 [11635]