Etmopterus pusillus

(LOWE, 1839)


Smooth lanternshark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Squaliformes Etmopteridae

Reference of the original description
LOWE, R.T. (1839)
A supplement to a synopsis of the fishes of Madeira. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 7: 76–92

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Acanthidium pusillum, Centrina nigra, Etmopterus cf. pusillus, Etmopterus frontimaculatus, Etmopterus pusilus, Spinax pusillus

Types
Etmopterus pusillus
Syntype: BMNH: 1855.11.29.27;
Centrina nigra
Syntype: BMNH: 1855.11.19.27
Etmopterus frontimaculatus
Syntype: NMW: 78526; NMW: 65832; NMW: 61473;


Description :


Citation: Etmopterus pusillus (LOWE, 1839): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 05/2017

Please send your images of "Etmopterus pusillus" to info@shark-references.com

Etmopterus pusillus (LOWE, 1839), 30.5 TL; Locality: Portugal; female; Date: 2006-02-11; © Rui Coelho, University of Algarve, Faro, Portugal
Common names
spa Negrito, spa Tollo lucero liso, fra \(T\) Sagre nain, eng Slender lantern shark, eng Slender lanternshark, eng Smooth lantern shark, eng Smooth lanternshark, por Gata-preta, por Lixinha da fundura, por Lixinha-de-fundura lisa, por Quelmazinha, por Xarinha-preta

Short Description
Bladelike unicuspidate teeth in lower jaw and teeth with cusps and cusplets in upper jaw, relatively short snout, low, truncated denticles [518]. Blackish brown dorsally, with an obscure broad black mark running above, in front and behind pelvic fins [518].

Distribution
Western Atlantic: northern Gulf of Mexico; southern Brazil to Argentina [518] [1388]. One specimen collected off the Guianas [2445]. Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Namibia. Also occurs in oceanic waters between Argentina and South Africa. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa. Western Pacific: Australia [1388], New Zealand [578], and Japan. Southeast Pacific: Amber Seamount, Nasca and Sala-y-Gomez. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: not marketed/unknown; price reliability:

Biology
Ovoviviparous [518]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Found on or near the bottom of continental and insular slopes at depths from 275 to 1,000 m (possibly to 2,000 m); also oceanic in the south Atlantic from the surface to 710 m [1388]. Benthopelagic at 200-1000 m (possibly to 1998 m) [17640]. Feeds on fish eggs, lanternfish, squid, and other small dogfish [536].

Size / Weight / Age
50.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 36731))

Habitat
benthopelagic; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range 0 - 1070 m [578], usually 400 - 700 m (Ref. 36731)


Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
  • Aporhynchus pickeringae NOEVER, CAIRA, KUCHTA & DESJARDINS, 2010 [17721] [20495]

Copepoda
  • Eudactylina epaktolampter DEETS, 1994 [17867]