Eusphyra blochii

(CUVIER, 1816)


Winghead shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae

Reference of the original description
CUVIER, G.L.C.F.D. (1816)
Le Règne Animal distribué d'après son organisation pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Les reptiles, les poissons, les mollusques et les annélides. Deterville, Paris, 532 pp

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Cestracion blochii, Sphyrna blochi, Sphyrna blochii, Sphyrna (Eusphyra) blochii, Sphyrnias blochii, Zygaena blochii, Zygaena laticeps, Zygaena latycephala

Types
Eusphyra blochii
Holotype: ZMB: 7835


Description:


Citation: Eusphyra blochii (CUVIER, 1816): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 08/2015

Please send your images of "Eusphyra blochii" to info@shark-references.com

Eusphyra blochii (CUVIER, 1816), © FAO, www.fish-base.org
Common names
spa Cornuda planeadora, fra \(T\) Requin marteau planeur, eng Arrow headed hammerhead, eng Arrow headed hammerhead shark, eng Arrow-headed hammer-head, eng Arrowhead, eng Hammer-headed shark, eng Hammerhead shark, eng Slender hammerhead, eng Winghead shark

Short Description
Grey or grey-brown above, paler below. Expanded lateral blades of head very narrow and wing-like, with a series of small bumps along edges in front of nostrils; width across head 40 or 50% of total length. Nostrils enormously expanded, each nearly 2 times the mouth head [20050].

Distribution
Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to the Philippines, north to China, south to Australia. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: commercial

Biology
Viviparous, placental [733], with 6 to 25 in a litter after a gestation period of 8 [2539] -11 months [1388]. Size at birth between 32 and 45 cm TL [20050]. Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154).

Size / Weight / Age
186 cm TL (male/unsexed; [1388])

Habitat
benthopelagic; amphidromous [17660]; brackish; marine

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
  • Callitetrarhynchus blochii PRAMANIK & MANNA, 2006 [16373]
  • Heteronybelinia heteromorphi PALM, 1999 [16366] [16112]
  • Otobothrium carcharidis (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906) [17826]
  • Otobothrium mugilis HISCOCK, 1954 [17826]
  • Phoreiobothrium puriensis SRIVASTAV & CAPOOR, 1982 [16419]
  • Phyllobothrium blochii SRIVASTAV & SRIVASTAVA, 1988 [16416]

Nematoda
  • Ascaridia sp. [17190]
  • Hysterothylacium ganeshi RAJYA LAKSHMI, I. & SREERAMULU, 2007 [21444]
  • Pseudanisakis sp. [17190]
  • Raphidascaroides blochii BILQUEES & KHANUM, 1974 [17029]
  • Terranova sp. [17190]