Gymnura zonura

(BLEEKER, 1852)


Zonetail butterfly ray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Gymnuridae

Reference of the original description
BLEEKER, P. (1851)
Bijdrage tot de kennis der Plagiostomen van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wettenschappen, 24 (art. 12): 1–92, Pls. 1–4

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Aetoplatea zonura, Aetoplatea zonurus, Gymnura zonurus, Gymnura (Aetoplatea) zonura, Gymnura (Aetoplatea) zonurus, Pteroplatea zonura

Types
Gymnura zonura



Description :


Citation: Gymnura zonura (BLEEKER, 1852): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 09/2017

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Common names
eng Bleeker"s butterfly ray, eng Bleeker"s butterfly-ray, eng Zonetail butterfly ray

Distribution
Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific: India to Indonesia, including Singapore and Thailand. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: commercial

Biology
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086].

Size / Weight / Age
106 cm WD (male/unsexed; [2539])

Habitat
reef-associated; marine; depth range 28 - 37 m (Ref. 9918)

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda