Lamna nasus

(BONNATERRE, 1788)


Porbeagle
Classification: Elasmobranchii Lamniformes Lamnidae

Reference of the original description
BONNATERRE, J.P. (1788)
Ichthyologie. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature. Paris, 215 p., pl. A–B + 1–100.

Image of the original description

Lamna nasus (BONNATERRE,1788)

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharias cornubicus, Isurus cornubicus, Isurus nasus, Isurus punctatus, Lamna cf. nasus, Lamna cornubica, Lamna cornubicus, Lamna monensis, Lamna pennanti, Lamna philippi, Lamna philippii, Lamna punctata, Lamna punctatus, Lamna whitely, Lamna whitleyi, Lamna (Oxyrhina) cornubica, Oxyrhina punctata, Squalus cambricus, Squalus cornubicus, Squalus cornubiensis, Squalus monensis, Squalus nasus, Squalus pennanti, Squalus selanonus

Types
Lamna nasus

Squalus selanonus
Syntype: College of Edinburgh: ?, Lochfyne College of Edinburgh: ?, Zetland


Description :


Citation: Lamna nasus (BONNATERRE, 1788): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 02/2017

Please send your images of "Lamna nasus" to info@shark-references.com

Lamna nasus (BONNATERRE,1788); © FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ebert, D.A. 2014. On Board Guide for the Identification of Pelagic Sharks and Rays of the Western Indian Ocean. Reproduced with permission, illustration by Marc Dando, Wildlife Illustrator
Common names
deu \(T\) Heringshai, deu \(T\) Kalbfisch, spa Cailón, spa Cailón marrajo, spa Marrajo, spa Marrajo sardinero, spa Moka, fra \(T\) Maraîche, fra \(T\) Requin-taupe commun, eng Beaumaris shark, eng Blue dog, eng Mackerel shark, eng Porbeagle, eng Porbeagle shark, eng Porbeale shark, ita Cagnizza, ita Smeriglio, por Anequim, por Arrequim, por Cação, por Marracho, por Peixe-cão, por Sardo, por Tubarâo-sardo

Short Description
A stout, spindle-shaped shark with large black eyes, a sharp, conical snout, and small, smooth-edged, narrow teeth with side cusps [536]. Dark grey above, white below, without blotches (Ref. 6581); rear tip of 1st dorsal abruptly white [536].

Distribution
Circumglobal: In subtropical to temperate waters. Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada to New Jersey USA; possibly southern Brazil to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland and western Barents Sea to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Southwest Pacific: Australia and New Zealand. Southeast Pacific: Chile. Southern Ocean: off South Georgia and the Kerguelen Islands. Indian Ocean [1388]. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Biology
Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding on other ova produced by the mother (oophagy) after the yolk sac is absorbed [733]. 1-5 in a litter [1388]. Size at birth 70-80 cm [1388]. Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154).

Size / Weight / Age
350 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4645)); max. published weight: 230.0 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 30 years [518]

Habitat
pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range 0 - 715 m [578]

Dentition
Tooth formula (upper/lower): 22-31/24-29

Links: SEM-images of teeth

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
Nematoda
  • Ascaris pachydenna STOSSICH, 1902 [17029]

Copepoda
Isopoda
  • Natatolana borealis (LILLJEBORG, 1851) [9358]