Mobula mobular

(BONNATERRE, 1788)


Devil fish
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Mobulidae

Reference of the original description
BONNATERRE, J.P. (1788)
Ichthyologie. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature. Paris, 215 p., pl. A–B + 1–100.

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Apterurus fabroni, Cephaloptera giorna, Cephaloptera japanica, Cephaloptera massena, Cephalopterus edentula, Cephalopterus fabronianus, Cephalopterus giorna, Cephalopterus massena, Cephalopterus mobular, Dicerobatis giornae, Dicerobatis japonica, Dicerobatis monstrum, Dicerobatis (Cephaloptera) giorna, Manta mobular, Mobula auriculata, Mobula diabola, Mobula diabolus, Mobula edentula, Mobula japanica, Mobula japonica, Mobula monstrum, Mobula rancureli, Raia cephaloptera, Raia fabroniana, Raia giorna, Raia mobular, Raja aurita, Raja cephaloptera, Raja diabolus, Raja fabroniana, Raja giorna, Raja mobular, Squalus edentulus

Types
Mobula mobular

Dicerobatis monstrum
Holotype: SMNS: 1632;
Mobula japanica
Lectotype: RMNH: D2440 Paralectotype: RMNH: lost
Mobula rancureli
Holotype: MNHN: 1965-0146
Raia fabroniana
Holotype: MZUF: ? (not found in 1995)
Raja cephaloptera
Holotype: ZMB: 13407


Description :


Citation: Mobula mobular (BONNATERRE, 1788): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 07/2017

Please send your images of "Mobula mobular" to info@shark-references.com

Mobula mobular (BONNATERRE, 1788) © Patrik Neckman from Stockholm, Sweden
Common names
deu \(T\) Kleiner Teufelsrochen, deu \(T\) Meeresteufel, deu \(T\) Mittelmeer-Manta, deu \(T\) Teufelsrochen, spa Manta, spa Manta mobula, spa Maroma, fra \(T\) Mante, eng Devil fish, eng Devil ray, eng Devilfish, eng Giant Devil Ray, eng Giant devilray, eng Horny ray, eng Manta, ita Daddarita, ita Diavolo di mare, ita Mobula, ita Muchio vacca, ita Patesse addo capre, ita Pesce vesque, ita Pescio vacca, ita Pisci daddarita, ita Pisci sceccu, ita Vacca "emare, ita Vescovo, por Diabo-do-mar, por Jamanta, por Jimanta, por Manta, por Ugemanta, por Uja, por Uje, por Urjamanta

Short Description
Larger than M. hypostoma, tail with spine and prickles [199].

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: off southwest Ireland, Mediterranean Sea and Portugal south to Senegal, including the Canary and Azores islands. Possibly straying into the northwest Atlantic. Reported from India [17688]. Occurence: 2013: Adriatic Sea, 14 new records of 20 individual giant devil rays collected between 2008 and 2011 [17685]; Source: www.gbif.org

Biology
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [17689] [733]. An epipelagic species [17687] found over continental shelves and near oceanic islands. Feeds on small pelagic fishes and crustaceans.

Size / Weight / Age
520 cm WD (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4442))

Habitat
pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous [17660]; marine

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
Trematoda
  • Syncoelium vermilionense CURRAN & OVERSTREET, 2000 [23771]

Copepoda
  • Entepherus laminipes BERE, 1936 [15950]
  • Eudactylina oliveri LAUBIER, 1968 [17867]
  • Kroyerina mobulae DEETS, 1987 [15948]
  • Pupulina brevicauda WILSON, 1952 [16609]

Isopoda
  • Barybrotes indus SCHIOEDTE & MEINERT, 1879 [23898]
  • Gnathia grandilaris COETZEE, SMIT, GRUTTER & DAVIES, 2008 [22155]
  • Gnathia rufescens OTA, 2015 [22155]
  • Gnathia teruyukiae OTA, 2011 [22155]
  • Gnathia trimaculata COETZEE, SMIT, GRUTTER & DAVIES, 2009 [17188] [17188] [22155] [22155]

Actinopterygii
  • Echeneis naucrates LINNAEUS, 1758 [21465]