Negaprion brevirostris

(POEY, 1868)

Lemon shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae

Reference of the original description
POEY, F. (1868)
Synopsis piscium cubensium. Catalogo razonado de los peces de la isla de Cuba. Repertorio Fisico–Natural de la Isla de Cuba, 2: 279–484

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharhinus brevirostris, Carcharhinus fronto, Carcharias brevirostris, Carcharias fronto, Eulamia fronto, Hypoprion brevirostris, Negaprion aff. brevirostris, Negaprion cf. brevirostris, Negaprion fronto

Negaprion brevirostris

Carcharias fronto
Syntype: USNM: uncat. USNM: 28167;

Description :

Citation: Negaprion brevirostris (POEY, 1868): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 05/2017

Please send your images of "Negaprion brevirostris" to

Negaprion brevirostris (POEY, 1868), © Albert Kok, wiki
Common names
deu \(T\) Kurznasenhai, deu \(T\) Zitronenhai, spa Galano, spa Galano de ley, spa Limón, spa Tiburón amarillo, spa Tiburón galano, spa Tiburón limón, fra \(T\) Requin citron, fra \(T\) Requin limon, fra \(T\) Requin-citron, eng Lemon shark, eng Requiem shark, ita Squalo limone, por Cacao-limao, por Tubarao-limao

Short Description
A brownish shark with yellow overtones but no conspicuous markings. Large second dorsal fin nearly same size as first dorsal [17659].

Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA to southern Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico, the Bahamas, and the Caribbean; also in Gulf of Mexico [17659]. Northeast Atlantic: Senegal, Côte d"quot;Ivoire and probably wide-ranging off West Africa, but this requires confirmation. Eastern Pacific: southern Baja California, Mexico and the Gulf of California to Ecuador. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Viviparous, placental [733], with 5 to 17 embryos (Ref. 9253). Both male and female during precopulatory and courtship swim with body axes in parallel (Ref. 49562, 51112). During copulation, the pair performs coordinated swimming (Ref. 49562, 51112). Exhibits no pattern of periodicity. Feeding is asynchronous and intermittent. Daily ration is estimated at 1.5 - 2.1% body weight per day; meal completely evacuated from stomach 25-41 hr after feeding, depending on meal type and temperature; fecal production continues for 68-82 hr after feeding (Wetherbee 1990).

Size / Weight / Age
340 cm TL (male/unsexed; [17659]); max. published weight: 183.7 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 25 years [2246]

reef-associated; oceanodromous [17660]; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 92 m [517]

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Anthobothrium laciniatum LINTON, 1890 [16171]
  • Callitetrarhynchus gracilis (RUDOLPHI, 1819) PINTNER, 1931 [16112]
  • Callitetrarhynchus speciosus (LINTON, 1897) CARVAJAL & REGO, 1985 [16112]
  • Dasyrhynchus giganteus (DIESING 1850) PINTNER 1929 [16304] [5977] [16112]
  • Dasyrhynchus variouncinatus (PINTNER, 1913) [16112]
  • Floriceps caballeroi CRUZ, 1977 [23771]
  • Floriceps saccatus CUVIER, 1817 [16112]
  • Otobothrium penetrans LINTON, 1907 [16112]
  • Paraorygmatobothrium roberti RUHNKE & THOMPSON, 2006 [16104]
  • Phoreiobothrium anticaporum CAIRA, RICHMOND & SWANSON, 2005 [16205]
  • Platybothrium harpago (EUZET, 1953) HEALY, 2003 [16307] [7384]
  • Platybothrium hypoprioni POTTER, 1937 [7384]
  • Poecilancistrium caryophyllum (DIESING, 1850) DOLLFUS, 1929 [16112]
  • Pseudogrillotia perelica (SHULER, 1938) [16112]