Odontaspis ferox

(RISSO, 1810)


Smalltooth sand tiger
Classification: Elasmobranchii Lamniformes Odontaspididae

Reference of the original description
RISSO, A. (1810)
Ichthyologie de Nice, ou histoire naturelle des poissons du département des Alpes Maritimes. i-xxxvi + 1-388, pls. 1-11.

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharias ferox, Odontaspis aff. ferox, Odontaspis cf. ferox, Odontaspis herbsti, Squalus ferox

Types
Odontaspis ferox

Odontaspis herbsti
Holotype: AMS: IB.2136; Paratype: AMS: IB.1859; AMS: IB.1859.001;


Description:


Citation: Odontaspis ferox (RISSO, 1810): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 04/2014

Please send your images of "Odontaspis ferox" to info@shark-references.com

Odontaspis ferox (RISSO, 1810), © FAO, www.fish-base.org
Common names
deu \(T\) Schildzahnhai, spa Salroig, spa Sarda, spa Solraig, spa Solrayo, spa Surraig, spa Tiburón toro, fra \(T\) Odontaspide féroce, fra \(T\) Requin, fra \(T\) Requin féroce, fra \(T\) Squale féroce, eng Bigeye sandtiger, eng Blue nurse shark, eng Bumpytail ragged-tooth, eng Bumpytail raggedtooth, eng Fierce odontaspis, eng Fierce shark, eng Herbsts nurse shark, eng Ragged-tooth Shark, eng Sand shark, eng Sand tiger shark, eng Smalltooth sand tiger, eng Smalltooth sand tiger shark, eng Smalltooth sand-tiger, ita Cagnaccio, ita Cagniacco, por Tubarão-areia

Short Description
A shark with a short, pointed snout, small eyes, protruding spike-like teeth, and small, equal-sized dorsal and anal fins; first dorsal closer to pectoral than to pelvic fins [536]. Grey above, paler below (Ref. 6586); may have red spots on sides [536].

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: Gulf of Gascony, Madeira, Morocco, Mediterranean; also Cape Verde [17657]. Western Atlantic: Yucatan Shelf, Mexico (Ref. 9939), Brazil (Ref. 53443). Indo-West Pacific: off South Africa and Maldives, Madagascar, southern Japan, Australia, and New Zealand [544]. Expected to occur in the Western Central Pacific [544]. Central Pacific: off Hawaii [544]. Eastern Pacific: off southern California, USA and Baja California, Mexico [544].
first record: 2013: Galápagos Islands [19596];

Human uses
fisheries: commercial

Biology
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding on other ova produced by the mother (oophagy) after the yolk sac is absorbed [733]. Two young born at 105 cm or larger [578]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Found on or near the bottom of the continental and insular shelves and upper slopes [1388] in 13-420 m (Ref. 58472). Sometimes in shallow water [1388]. Benthopelagic at 13-420 m [17640]. Feeds on small bony fishes, squids, and crustaceans [544]. Uses its long body cavity and large, oily liver to regulate buoyancy.

Size / Weight / Age
410 cm TL (male/unsexed; [2539]); max. published weight: 289.0 kg (Ref. 9939)

Habitat
benthopelagic; marine; depth range 10 - 530 m [578]

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
Copepoda