Odontaspis noronhai

(MAUL, 1955)


Bigeye sand tiger
Classification: Elasmobranchii Lamniformes Odontaspididae

Reference of the original description
MAUL, G.E. (1955)
Five species of rare sharks new for Madeira including two new to science. Notulae Naturae, 279: 1-13.

Image of the original description

Odontaspis noronhai (MAUL, 1955) © Maul, 1955

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharias noronhai

Types
Odontaspis noronhai
Holotype: MMF: 2691;


Description :


Citation: Odontaspis noronhai (MAUL, 1955): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 12/2016

Please send your images of "Odontaspis noronhai" to info@shark-references.com

Odontaspis noronha (MAUL, 1955), © FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ebert, D.A. 2014. On Board Guide for the Identification of Pelagic Sharks and Rays of the Western Indian Ocean. Reproduced with permission, illustration by Marc Dando, Wildlife Illustrator
Common names
spa Solrayo ojigrande, fra \(T\) Requin noronhai, eng Bigeye sand shark, eng Bigeye sand tiger, eng Bigeye sand tiger shark, por Mangona

Short Description
Field Marks: A large, bulky shark. Head with a long, bulbously conical snout, eyes ,very large, without nictitating eyelids; mouth long and extending behind eyes; teeth moderately large, with prominent narrow cusps and lateral cusplets; upper anterior teeth separated from lateral teeth by one row of small intermediate teeth. First dorsal fin on back and closer to pectoral fins than pelvics; upper precaudal pit present but lateral keels absent from caudal peduncle; caudal fin asymmetrical but with a strong ventral lobe; anal fin and second dorsal fin smaller than first dorsal but broad-based. Colour: uniform dark chocolate brown, without spots.
Diagnostic Features : Teeth with a single pair of lateral cusplets, root lobes moderately arched and broad; one row of small intermediate teeth between upper anterior and lateral tooth rows. First dorsal fin with its posterior margin extending vertically from its apex; origin of second dorsal fin about over first thirds of pelvic bases; anal fin low and rounded, height much less than base length; length of dorsal margin of caudal fin about 33% of total length in young. Colour: uniform chocolate brown, without spots. [518]

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: Madeira and southern Brazil. Eastern Central Pacific: off Hawaii. May eventually be recorded from the Western Central Pacific [544]. Questionably occurring in Seychelles.

Human uses
fisheries: of potential interest

Biology
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding on other ova produced by the mother (oophagy) after the yolk sac is absorbed [733]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086].

Size / Weight / Age
360 cm TL (male/unsexed; [518]); 326 cm TL (female)

Habitat
pelagic-oceanic; marine; depth range 60 - 1000 m [20048]