Prionace glauca

(LINNAEUS, 1758)


Blue shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae

Reference of the original description
LINNÉ, C. (1758)
Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, regnum animale, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus differentiis synonymis, locis. Ed. X., 1: 824 p. Stockholm (L. SALVIUS).

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharhinus glaucus, Carcharhinus macki, Carcharhinus mackiei, Carcharias aethiops, Carcharias ciliaris, Carcharias glaucus, Carcharias gracilis, Carcharias hirundinaceus, Carcharias pugae, Carcharias (Prionodon) glaucus, Carcharinus glaucus, Charcharias glaucus, Galeus glauca, Galeus glaucus, Glyphis glauca, Glyphis glaucus, Glyphis mackiei, Hypoprion isodus, Hypoprion (Hemigaleus) isodus, Isuropsis glaucus, Isurus glaucus, Prionace aff. glaucus, Prionace glaucum, Prionace glaucus, Prionace mackiei, Prionodon glaucus, Prionodon subglaucus, Prionodon sublamia, Squalus ciliaris, Squalus glaucus, Squalus rondeletii, Squalus (Carcharinus) glaucus, Thalassinus rondeletii, Thalassorhinus rondeletii

Types
Prionace glauca

Carcharias gracilis
Holotype: DBCUCH: ?
Carcharias hirundinaceus
Holotype: MNHN: A-9656
Hypoprion isodus
Holotype: MNHNC: ?
Hypoprion (Hemigaleus) isodus
MNHNC: not cat.
Prionace mackiei
Holotype: NMNZ: P01120;
Squalus ciliaris
Holotype: ZMB: 4458


Description:


Citation: Prionace glauca (LINNAEUS, 1758): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 09/2014

Please send your images of "Prionace glauca" to info@shark-references.com

Prionace glauca (LINNAEUS, 1758), off southern California © Mark Conlin/NMFS, wikipedia

Common names
deu \(T\) Blauer Hai, deu \(T\) Blauhai, deu \(T\) Großer Blauhai, spa Aquella, spa Azujelo, spa Azulejo, spa Ca-mari, spa Caila, spa Cailón, spa Chiri, spa Chirimoya, spa Lija, spa Melgacho, spa Melgago, spa Quella, spa Sarda, spa Taburó, spa Tiburon azul, spa Tiburón, spa Tiburón limón, spa Tintoleta, spa Tintorera, spa Verdemar, fra \(T\) Bleu, fra \(T\) Cagnot, fra \(T\) Cagnou, fra \(T\) Empereur, fra \(T\) Peau bleue, fra \(T\) Pei can, fra \(T\) Requin bleu, fra \(T\) Requin peau bleue, fra \(T\) Requin squale, fra \(T\) Requin tchi, fra \(T\) Tintourella, fra \(T\) Verdoun, eng Blue dog, eng Blue poninter, eng Blue shark, eng Blue whaler, eng Blue whaler shark, eng Great blue, eng Great blue shark, eng Great blue whaler, eng Shark, eng Tribon blou, ita Cacciutieddu de mari, ita Cagna, ita Cagnizza blu, ita Cagnoleto, ita Calandruni, ita Can, ita Can da denti, ita Can turchin, ita Canesca, ita Celeste, ita Cialandruni, ita Cialestru, ita Gialestru, ita Moretta da denti, ita Musiedde, ita Smerije, ita Squalo azzurro, ita Squalo verdesca, ita Verdalrola, ita Verdarolo, ita Verdesca, ita Verdone, ita Verdoro, ita Verdun, ita Virdeddru, ita Virdeddu, ita Virdisca, ita Virdiscu, por Bico-doce, por Cação-azul, por Cação-focinhudo, por Cação-mole-mole, por Focinhudo, por Guelha, por Guelha azul, por Lombo-preto, por Mole-mole, por Pas modrulj, por Quelha, por Tintureira, por Tubarão azul, por Tubarão-azul, por Tubarão-de-focinho

Short Description
A slim, graceful blue shark with a long, conical snout, large eyes, and curved triangular upper teeth with saw edges; pectorals long and narrow; no interdorsal ridge [536]. Dark blue dorsally, bright blue on the sides, white ventrally [536]. Tips of pectoral fins and anal fin dusky [544].

Distribution
Circumglobal in temperate and tropical waters. Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada to Argentina. Central Atlantic. Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Indonesia, Japan, Australia, New Caledonia, and New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of Alaska to Chile. Probably the widest ranging chondrichthyian. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea [20076].

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species

Biology
Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Viviparous [20077], placental [733]; 4-63 young in a litter [544]; 4-135 (usually 15-30) pups [2539], about 35-44 cm at birth. Gestation period ranges from 9 to 12 months [517]. Sexual dimorphism is evident in skin thickness of maturing and adult females (Ref. 49562). Females have thicker skin layer than males of the same size (Ref. 49562). Found worldwide in tropical and temperate seas; a pelagic species, sometimes advancing into coastal waters [17641]. Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Prefer temperatures of 7-16°C; usually found in deeper waters in the tropics (Ref. 5951). A carnivore [17641]. Parasites of the species include: Hepatoxylon squali pleurocercoid, Phyllobothrium dagnallium, Phyllobothrium sp. and Platybothrium parvum (Ref. 5951).

Size / Weight / Age
400 cm TL (male/unsexed; [20241]); max. published weight: 205.9 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 20 years [20200]

Habitat
pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range 1 - 350 m [1388], usually 80 - 220 m (Ref. 55193)

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
Nematoda
Copepoda
Actinopterygii
  • Remora remora (LINNAEUS, 1758) [17257]