Pristis pectinata

LATHAM, 1794


Smalltooth sawfish
Classification: Elasmobranchii Pristiformes Pristidae

Reference of the original description
LATHAM, J. (1794)
An essay on the various species of Sawfish. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2: 273-282, 2 pl.

Image of the original description

Pristis pectinata LATHAM, 1794

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Pristis acutirostris, Pristis annandalei, Pristis cf. pectinatus, Pristis granulosa, Pristis leptodon, Pristis megalodon, Pristis occa, Pristis pectinatus, Pristis serra, Pristis woermanni, Pristis (Pristis) pectinatus, Pristobatus occa, Squalus pectinatus

Types
Pristis pectinata

Pristis acutirostris
Holotype: MNHN: A-9476;
Pristis leptodon
Syntype: MNHN: 0000-3485 MNHN: 0000-3486
Pristis megalodon
Holotype: MNHN: 0000-3483
Pristis woermanni
Holotype: ZMH: 6278;


Description:


Citation: Pristis pectinata LATHAM, 1794: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 08/2014

Please send your images of "Pristis pectinata" to info@shark-references.com

Pristis pectinata LATHAM, 1794, © Javier Yaya Tur (CAC, S. A.)

Common names
deu \(T\) Kammsägefisch, deu \(T\) Kleinzahn-Sägerochen, deu \(T\) Sägefisch, spa Espadachin, spa Espadon, spa Pejepeine, spa Pejepiene, spa Pejes sierra, spa Pez espada, spa Pez peine, spa Pez rastrillo, spa Pez sierra, spa Pez sierra común, spa Pez sierra peine, spa Sierra, fra \(T\) Poisson scie, fra \(T\) Poisson-scie, fra \(T\) Poisson-scie tident, fra \(T\) Requin-scie, eng Comb shark, eng Common sawfish, eng Largetooth sawfish, eng Saw-fish, eng Sawfish, eng Small-tooth common sawfish, eng Smalltooth Sawfish, eng Smalltooth sawfish, eng Smooth-tooth sawfish, eng Wide sawfish, ita Pesce sega, ita Pesce sega denti piccoli, por Araguaguai, por Araguaguá, por Cação serra, por Espadarte-serra, por Peixe-serra, por Tubarão-serra, por Tubarão-serra candú

Short Description
Long, flat, blade-like rostrum with 24 to 32 pairs of teeth along edges; caudal fin large and oblique with no lower lobe [17659]. Dark mouse gray to blackish brown above, paler along margins of fins. White to grayish white or pale yellow below [199].

Distribution
Circumglobal. Western Atlantic: North Carolina (USA), Bermuda and northern Gulf of Mexico [17658] to Argentina [5839]. Caribbean, rare in Bermuda [17659]. Eastern Atlantic: Gibraltar to Namibia; possibly in the Mediterranean Sea [541]. Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Philippines [541]. Possibly occurring in the eastern Pacific [541].

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Biology
Ovoviviparous, with gravid females containing about 15-20 embryos [7182]. Embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Gives birth in shallow bays and estuaries [1658]. Size at birth 61 cm [1658].

Size / Weight / Age
760 cm TL (male/unsexed; [1388]); max. published weight: 350.0 kg [7176]

Habitat
demersal; amphidromous [17660]; freshwater; brackish; marine; depth range ? - 10 m (Ref. 4429)

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
  • Dermophthirioides pristidis CHEUNG & NIGRELLI, 1983 [7260]
  • Neoheterocotyle inpristis HARGIS, 1955 [7260] [17439]