Pristis pristis

(LINNAEUS, 1758)


Common sawfish
Classification: Elasmobranchii Pristiformes Pristidae

Reference of the original description
LINNÉ, C. (1758)
Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, regnum animale, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus differentiis synonymis, locis. Ed. X., 1: 824 p. Stockholm (L. SALVIUS).

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Pristis antiquorum, Pristis canaliculata, Pristis caniculata, Pristis microdon, Pristis peroteti, Pristis perotteti, Pristis perottetii, Pristis perrotteti, Pristis typica, Pristis zephyreus, Squalus pristis

Types
Pristis pristis

Pristis microdon
Holotype: Museum Parkinson: whereabouts unknown
Pristis perotteti
Holotype: MNHN: lost
Pristis zephyreus
Holotype: SU: 12670


Description:


Citation: Pristis pristis (LINNAEUS, 1758): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 10/2014

Please send your images of "Pristis pristis" to info@shark-references.com

Pristis pristis (LINNAEUS, 1758), © FAO, www.fish-base.org

Common names
deu \(T\) Sägefisch, spa Pejepeine, spa Pejesierra, spa Pez sierra, spa Pez sierra commún, spa Pez sierra común, spa Sägefisch, fra \(T\) Poisson-scie commun, fra \(T\) Scie, fra \(T\) Scie commune, eng Common sawfish, eng Largetooth sawfish, eng Sawfish, eng Small-toothed sawfish, ita Pesce sega, por Araguaguá, por Espadarte, por Espadarte-serra, por Peixe-serra, por Tubarão-serra

Distribution
Western Pacific: northern Australia, from Western Australia to Queensland (Ref. 7300). Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Ecuador. Western Atlantic: Florida and Louisiana, USA to Brazil [17658]. Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Angola, including the western Mediterranean.

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Biology
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Inhabits inshore coastal waters to moderate depth, also around offlying islands. Found also in estuaries, lagoons, river mouths, and even freshwater. Feeds on fishes and bottom-living animals. Ovoviviparous. Freshwater populations occur to about 750 km up Amazon River; populations in Lake Nicaragua may be nonmigratory [17658]

Size / Weight / Age
560 cm TL (male/unsexed; [17661]); max. reported age: 30 years [17661]

Habitat
demersal; oceanodromous [17660]; freshwater; brackish; marine

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
  • Floriparicapitus juliani CIELOCHA, JENSEN & CAIRA, 2014 [21566]

Nematoda
  • Terranova circularis (LINSTOW , 1907) [17029]