Sphyrna tiburo

(LINNAEUS, 1758)


Bonnethead
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae

Reference of the original description
LINNÉ, C. (1758)
Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, regnum animale, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus differentiis synonymis, locis. Ed. X., 1: 824 p. Stockholm (L. SALVIUS).

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Cestracion tiburo, Reniceps tiburo, Sphyrna cf. tiburo, Sphyrna tiburo tiburo , Sphyrna vespertina, Sphyrna (Platysqualus) tiburo, Sphyrna (Platysqualus) tiburo tiburo, Sphyrna (Platysqualus) tiburo vespertina, Sphyrnias tiburo, Squalus tiburio, Squalus tiburo, Zygaena tiburo

Types
Sphyrna tiburo

Sphyrna vespertina
Holotype: SU: 11584 Paratype: CM: 5675 SU: 11881


Description:


Citation: Sphyrna tiburo (LINNAEUS, 1758): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 12/2014

Please send your images of "Sphyrna tiburo" to info@shark-references.com

Sphyrna tiburo (LINNAEUS, 1758), top: © Tony Hisgett from Birmingham, UK (wikipedia) down: © Adam P. Summers, SAFS Friday Harbor Laboratories, University of Washington

Common names
spa Cabeza de pala, spa Cachona, spa Cachuda, spa Cazón cabeza de pala, spa Cornuda cabeza de pala, spa Cornuda de corona, spa Cornuda tiburo, spa Cornúa, spa Kleiner hammerhai, spa Pez martillo, spa Sarda cachona, spa Tiburón bonete del Pacífico, fra \(T\) Requin marteau tiburo, fra \(T\) Requin-marteau tiburo, eng Bonnet hammerhead, eng Bonnet shark, eng Bonnethead, eng Bonnethead shark, eng Bonnetnose shark, eng Shovelhead, por Cambeva-pata, por Cação, por Cação-chapéu, por Cação-martelo, por Cação-panã, por Cação-pata, por Cação-rodela, por Cação-rudela, por Chapéu-armado, por Martelo, por Pata, por Peixe-martelo, por Rodela, por Rudela, por Tubarão panã

Short Description
Front of head semicircular in outline. No other hammerhead has front of head in semicircle. [17659].

Distribution
Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA to southern Brazil, including Cuba and the Bahamas. Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico; rare in Bermuda [17659]. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to Ecuador.

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Biology
Viviparous, placental [733], with 6 to 9 young per litter. Size at birth about 35 to 40 cm.

Size / Weight / Age
150 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)); max. published weight: 10.8 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 12 years [5801]

Habitat
reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 10 - 80 m [517], usually 10 - 25 m (Ref. 9253)

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Myxosporea
  • Ceratomyxa mesospora DAVIS, 1917 [21233]

Monogenea
Cestoda
  • Dibothriorhynchus maccallumi MACCALLUM, 1921 [16352]
  • Hepatoxylon sp. [16352] [16112]
  • Phoreiobothrium tiburonis CHEUNG, NIGRELLI & RUGGIERI, 1982 [16291] [16205]
  • Prochristianella hispida (LINTON, 1890) [17126]
  • Rhynchobothrium plicatum LINTON, 1905 [17126]

Nematoda
  • Filaria galeata LINTON 1905 [17126]

Copepoda