Squatina squatina

(LINNAEUS, 1758)


Angelshark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Squatiniformes Squatinidae

Reference of the original description
LINNÉ, C. (1758)
Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, regnum animale, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus differentiis synonymis, locis. Ed. X., 1: 824 p. Stockholm (L. SALVIUS).

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Acanthias vulgaris, Rhina squatina, Squalus squatina, Squatina angelina, Squatina angelus, Squatina angelus GRONOW 1854, Squatina europaea, Squatina laevis, Squatina lewis, Squatina vulgaris

Types
Squatina squatina

Squatina angelus GRONOW 1854
Syntype: BMNH: 1853.11.12.207 (Gronovius coll.)


Description :


Citation: Squatina squatina (LINNAEUS, 1758): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 11/2017

Please send your images of "Squatina squatina" to info@shark-references.com

Squatina squatina (LINNAEUS, 1758), male, Tenerife, © Marion Mihm, 2011
Common names
deu \(T\) Chagrin, deu \(T\) Engelhai, deu \(T\) Europäischer Meerengel, deu \(T\) Gemeiner Meerengel, deu \(T\) Gemeiner Meerengelm, deu \(T\) Meerengel, spa Angel, spa Angelino, spa Angelot, spa Angelote, spa Escat, spa Eskat común, spa Guitarra, spa Mennejuela, spa Pardón, spa Peje ángel, spa Peje-ángel, spa Pez ángel, spa Vexigall, spa Zabalera, fra \(T\) Ange de mer, fra \(T\) Ange de mer commun, fra \(T\) Angelot, fra \(T\) Boudroie, fra \(T\) Bourget peisange, fra \(T\) Martrame, fra \(T\) Peau de chagrin, fra \(T\) Peï-angi, eng Angel, eng Angel fiddle fish, eng Angel puffy fish, eng Angel ray, eng Angel shark, eng Angelfish, eng Angelshark, eng Escat jueu, eng Fiddle fish, eng Monk, eng Monkfish, eng Shagreen, ita Angelo, ita Angelo di mare, ita Angeo, ita Anzolo, ita Cenericu, ita Pesce angelo, ita Pesce squadro, ita Pesciu angiou, ita Pisci squadru, ita Sagrin, ita Squadre, ita Squadre "e rena, ita Squadro, ita Squadro pelle nera, ita Squadru, ita Squadru lisciu, ita Squadru monicu, ita Squaena, ita Squalena, ita Squalo angelo, por Anjo, por Cacao-anjo

Short Description
No ocelli on body [518].

Distribution
Northeast Atlantic: southern Norway, Sweden and Shetland Islands to Morocco and West Sahara, including the Canary Islands and the Mediterranean. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species

Biology
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Size at birth about 24 to 30 cm, with 9-20 young in a litter [518].

Size / Weight / Age
183 cm TL (male/unsexed; [518]); 244 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 80.0 kg [20241]

Habitat
demersal; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range ? - 150 m [518]

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
  • Erpocotyle abbreviata (OLSSEN, 1876) [22616] [22589]
  • Pseudocotyle squatinae VAN BENEDEN & HESSE, 1865 [15273]
  • Sprostonia squatinae (MACCALLUM, 1921) [16352]

Cestoda
Nematoda
  • Paranisakis squatinae BAYLIS, 1923 [21225] [17029]
  • Pulchrascaris caballeroi VICENTE & DOS SANTOS, 1972 [17029]

Copepoda
Isopoda
  • Aega rosacea (RISSO, 1816) [23898]
  • Aegapheles deshaysiana (MILNE EDWARDS, 1840) [23869]
  • Anilocra physodes (LINNAEUS, 1758) [23898]

Hirudinea