ST.JOHN, O.H. & WORTHEN, A.H. (1875)
Palaeontolgoy of Illinois. Descriptions of fossil fishes. Geological Survey of Illinois, 6: 245–488
HAY, O.P. (1902)
Bibliography and catalogue of the fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, 179: 1–868
GINTER, M. & HAMPE, O. & DUFFIN, C.J. (2010)
Handbook of Paleoichthyology, Vol. 3D: Chondrichthyes Paleozoic Elasmobranchii: Teeth Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, pp. 168, 154 fig., 4 Tab.