MACCALLUM, G.A. (1916)
Some new species of parasitic trematodes of marine fishes. Zoopathologica, 1: 1–38
PRICE, E.W. (1938)
North American monogenetic trematodes. II. The families Monocotylidae, Microbothriidae, Acanthocotylidae and Udonellidae (Capsaloidea) Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 28: 109–126, 183–198
SPROSTON, N.G. (1946)
A synopsis of the monogenetic trematodes. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London, 25: 185–600
HENDRIX, S.S. (1994)
Marine Flora and Fauna of the Eastern United States. Platyhelminthes: Monogenea NOAA Technical Report NMFS 121: 108pp