FOWLER, H.W. (1941)
Contributions to the biology of the Philippine archipelago and adjacent regions. The fishes of the groups Elasmocephalii, Holocephali, Isospondyli, and Ostariophysi obtained by the United States Fisheries Steamer "Albatross" in 1907 to 1910, chiefly in the Philippine islands and adjacent seas. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 100: i–x, 1–879, figs 1–30
SMITH, J.L.B. (1957)
Dasyatid rays new to South Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Series 12), 10 (114): 429–431, Pls. 15–16.
FOURMANOIR, P. & NHU-NHUNG, D.-T. (1965)
Liste complementaire des poissons marins de Nha-Trang. Cahiers ORSTOM, Série Océanographie, no. spec., 114 pp