LAST, P.R. & WHITE, W.T. (2008)
Family Rajidae, Skates In: M. Gomon, D. Bray & R. Kuiter (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Museum Victoria, Melbourne: 108–124
IZZO, C. & DREW, E.B. (2013)
Analysis of body shape for differentiating among species of rajids. Journal of Fish Biology, 82 (5): 1632–1640
DOI: 10.1111/jfb.12092