SPRINGER, S. (1950)
A revision of north American sharks allied to the genus Carcharhinus. American Museum Novitates, 1451: 1–13
HOWE, J.C. & SPRINGER, V.G. (1993)
Catalog of type specimens of recent fishes in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 5: Sharks (Chondrichthyes: Selachii). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, (540): i–iii, 1–19