MOULD, B. (1997)
Classification of the recent Elasmobranchii. Copyright Brian Mould 1997
MORON, J. & BERTRAND, B. & LAST, P.R. (1998)
A check-list of sharks and rays of western Sri Lanka. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 40 (1–2): 142–157
COMPAGNO, L.J.V. (2005)
Checklist of living Chondrichthyes. In: Hamlett, W.C. (ed.) Reproductive biology and phylogeny of chondrichthyes: sharks, rays and chimaeras, Vol. 3. Endfield, USA: Science Publishers: 503–548
SCHWARTZ, F.J. (2009)
Ways to identify stingrays of the world possessing or lacking serrated stinging tail spines. Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science, 125 (3): 107–109