Fauna Braziliense. Peixes. II. Desmobranchios. Archivos do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, 14: 131–217, Pls. 1–20
GARMAN, S. (1913)
The Plagiostomia (Sharks, Skates and Rays). Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 36: 528 p., 77 pl.
WHITLEY, G.P. (1936)
The Australian devil ray, Daemomanta alfredi (Krefft), with remarks on the superfamily Mobuloidea (order Batoidei). Australian Zoologist, 8 (3): 164–188, Pl. 12.
GOHAR, H.A.F. & BAYOUMI, A.R. (1959)
On the anatomy of Manta ehrenbergii, with notes on Mobula kuhlii. Publications of the Marine Biological Station of Al–Ghardaqa, 10: 191–238.
MISRA, K.S. (1969)
Pisces Elasmobranchii and Holocephali. In: The fauna of India and the adjacent countries. Vol. 1, edited by M.L. Roonwal. Faridabad, Zoological Survey of India, Government of India Press, 276 p. 2nd ed.