HEEMSTRA, P.C. (1997)
A Review of the Smooth-Hound Sharks (Genus Mustelus, Family Triakidae) of the Western Atlantic Ocean, with Descriptions of Two New Species and a New Subspecies. Bulletin of Marine Science, 60 (3): 894–928
KIRALY, S.J. & MOORE, J.A. & JASINSKI, P.H. (2003)
Deepwater and Other Sharks of the U.S. Atlantic Ocean Exclusive Economic Zone. Marine Fisheries Review, 65 (4): 1–63