GEOFFROY ST.HILAIRE, E. (1817)
Poissons du Nil, de la Mer Rouge et de la Méditerranée, In: Description de l'Egypte ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'expedition de l'Armée français, publié par les ordres de sa Majesté–L'Empereur Napoléon le Grand., pl. 18–27.
GÜNTHER, A. (1870)
Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. London, British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 8: 549 p.
DÖDERLEIN, P. (1879)
Manuale Ittiologico del Mediterraneo ossia sinossi metodica delle varie specie di pesci riscontrate sin qui nel Mediterraneo ossia senossi metodica delle di Sicilia. 5 parts. Palermo: Pt 1, 1879:i–viii + 1–67; pt 2, 1881:1, –120; pt 3, 1884:121–258; +.
MOREAU, E. (1881)
Histoire naturelle des poissons de la France. Paris, 1: i–vii + 1–480
DE ROCHEBRUNE, A.T. (1883)
Faune de la Sénégambie. Poissons Paris :O. Doin,1883–1887
LOCY, W.A. (1905)
On a newly recognized Nerve connected with the Fore-brain of Selachians. Anatomischer Anzeiger, 26: 33–63, 111–123
FOWLER, H.W. (1910)
Notes on batoid fishes. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 62: 468–475
RANZI, S. (1932)
Le basi fisio-morfologiche dello sviluppo embrionale dei Selaci. - Parte I. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli, 12 (2): 209–290
GUDGER, E.W. (1933)
Abnormal Dentition in Rays, Batoidei. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, 49 (1): 57–96
RANZI, S. (1934)
Le basi fisio-morfologiche dello sviluppo embrionale dei Selaci. - Parte II e III. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli, 13 (3): 331–437
RANZI, S. (1936)
Zur Kenntnis der Fortpflanzung bei den Selachiern. Naturwissenschaften, 24 (41): 642–646
DOI: 10.1007/BF01475802
FOWLER, H.W. (1941)
Contributions to the biology of the Philippine archipelago and adjacent regions. The fishes of the groups Elasmocephalii, Holocephali, Isospondyli, and Ostariophysi obtained by the United States Fisheries Steamer "Albatross" in 1907 to 1910, chiefly in the Philippine islands and adjacent seas. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 100: i–x, 1–879, figs 1–30
UMBGROVE, J.H.F. (1956)
Ons land 70 millioen jaar geleden. Martinus Nijhoff, 's-Gravenhage. 150 pp.
BALON, E.K. (1981)
Additions and amendments to the classification of reproductive styles in fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 6 (3/4): 377–389
DOI: 10.1007/BF00005769
ROCCO, L. & LIGUORI, I. & COSTAGLIOLA, D. & MORESCALCHI, M.A. & TINTI, F. & STINGO, V. (2007)
Molecular and karyological aspects of Batoidea (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchi) phylogeny. Gene, 389 (1): 80–86
DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2006.09.024