FOWLER, H.W. (1911)
A description of the fossil fish remains of the Cretaceous, Eocene and Miocene formations of New-Jersey. Geological Survey of New Jersey Bulletin, 4: 182 p., 108 fig.
HOVESTADT, D.C. & HOVESTADT-EULER, M. (2013)
Generic Assessment and Reallocation of Cenozoic Myliobatinae based on new information of tooth, tooth plate and caudal spine morphology of extant taxa. Palaeontos, 24, 1–66, 3 text–figs, 51 Plates