GIEBEL, C.G. (1848)
Die Fische der Vorwelt, mit steter Berücksichtigung der lebenden Fische. Erster Band: Wirbelthiere. Dritte Abtheilung: Fische: i–xii, 1–467. Leipzig (Brockhaus).
LEIDY, J. (1855)
Indications of twelve species of fossil fishes. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 7: 395–397
LEIDY, J. (1877)
Description of vertebrate remains, chiefly from the Phosphate Beds of South Carolina. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 8 (2): 209–261, pl. 30–34
HAY, O.P. (1902)
Bibliography and catalogue of the fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, 179: 1–868
FOWLER, H.W. (1911)
A description of the fossil fish remains of the Cretaceous, Eocene and Miocene formations of New-Jersey. Geological Survey of New Jersey Bulletin, 4: 182 p., 108 fig.
HOVESTADT, D.C. & HOVESTADT-EULER, M. (2013)
Generic Assessment and Reallocation of Cenozoic Myliobatinae based on new information of tooth, tooth plate and caudal spine morphology of extant taxa. Palaeontos, 24, 1–66, 3 text–figs, 51 Plates