CHAPMAN, F. & CUDMORE, F.A. (1924)
Some Cainozoic fish remains, vvith a revision of the group. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 36: 107–162, pl. 9–11.
HOVESTADT, D.C. & HOVESTADT-EULER, M. (2013)
Generic Assessment and Reallocation of Cenozoic Myliobatinae based on new information of tooth, tooth plate and caudal spine morphology of extant taxa. Palaeontos, 24, 1–66, 3 text–figs, 51 Plates