CASTEX, M.N. & CASTELLO, H.P. (1970)
Potamotrygon leopoldi, a new species of freshwater sting-ray for the Xingú River, Brazil (Chondrichthyes, Potamotrygonidae). Acta Scientifica, Universidad del Salvador, 10: 1–16
ROSA, R.S. & MENEZES, N.A. (1996)
Relação preliminar das espécies de peixes (Pisces, Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii) ameaçadas no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 13 (3): 647–667
DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81751996000300015
ROSA, R.S. & MENEZES, N.A. (1996)
Preliminary list of endangered fish species (Pisces, Elasmobranchii , Actinopterygii) in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 13 (3): 647–667
DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81751996000300015
DE CARVALHO, M.R. & LOVEJOY, N.R. & ROSA, R.S. (2003)
Family Potamotrygonidae. In: R.E. Reis, C.J. Ferraris, Jr., and S.O. Kullander (editors), Checklist of freshwater fishes of South and Central America: 22–29
MARQUES, F.P L. & BROOKS, D.R. (2003)
Taxonomic revision of Rhinebothroides (Eucestoda: Tetraphyllidea: Phyllobothriidae), parasites of Neotropical freshwater stingrays (Rajiformes: Myliobatoidei: Potamotrygonidae). Journal of Parasitology, 89 (5): 994–1017
MARQUES, F.P.L. & BROOKS, D.R. & ARAUJO, M.L.G. (2003)
Systematics and phylogeny of Potamotrygonocestus (Platyhelminthes, Tetraphyllidea, Onchobothriidae) with descriptions of three new species from freshwater potamotrygonids (Myliobatoidei, Potamotrygonidae). Zoologica Scripta, 32: 367–396
DOI: 10.1046/j.1463-6409.2003.00111.x
COMPAGNO, L.J.V. (2005)
Checklist of living Chondrichthyes. In: Hamlett, W.C. (ed.) Reproductive biology and phylogeny of chondrichthyes: sharks, rays and chimaeras, Vol. 3. Endfield, USA: Science Publishers: 503–548
ROSA, R.S. & ARAÚJO, M.L.G. (2005)
Species accounts: Potamotrygon henlei, Potamotrygon leopoldi In: Fowler, S.L., Cavanagh, R.D., Camhi, M., Burgess, G.H., Cailliet, G.M., Fordham, S.V., Simpfendorfer, C.A. and Musick, J.A. (comp. and Ed.). Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras: The Status of the Chondrichthyan Fishes. Status Survey. IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: 344–345
VELTE, F. & WICKER, R. (2006)
Aspekte der vergleichenden Fortpflanzungsbiologie südamerikanischer Süßwasser-Stechrochen. Biologie der Aquarienfische: 199–208
PEDROSO, C.M. & JARED, C. & CHARVET-ALMEIDA, P. & ALMEIDA, M.P. & GARRONE NETO, D. & LIRA, M.S. & HADDAD, V. & BARBARO, K.C. & ANTONIAZZI, M.M. (2007)
Morphological characterization of the venom secretory epidermal cells in the stinger of marine and freshwater stingrays. Toxicon, 50 (5): 688–697
DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2007.06.004
ROSA, R.S. & DE CARVALHO, M.R. & DE ALMEIDA WANDERLEY, C. (2008)
Potamotrygon boesemani (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes: Potamotrygonidae), a new species of Neotropical freshwater stingray from Surinam. Neotropical Ichthyology, 6 (1): 1–8
DOI: 10.1590/S1679-62252008000100001
TOFFOLI, D. & HRBEK, T. & GOES DE ARAUJO, M.L. & DE ALMEIDA, M.P. & CHARVET-ALMEIDA, P. & FARIAS, I.P. (2008)
A test of the utility of DNA barcoding in the radiation of the freshwater stingray genus Potamotrygon (Potamotrygonidae, Myliobatiformes). Genetics and Molecular Biology, 31 (Suppl. 1): 324–336
DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572008000200028
CHARVET-ALMEIDA, P. & ROSA, R.S. & PINTO DE ALMEIDA, M. (2009)
Potamotrygon leopoldi In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>
SCHWARTZ, F.J. (2009)
Ways to identify stingrays of the world possessing or lacking serrated stinging tail spines. Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science, 125 (3): 107–109
KORMANN, J. & TSCHERNER, W. (2010)
Fish lice (Crustacea, Branchiura, Argulidae) of a South American black devil stingray (Potamotrygon leopoldi Castex & Castello, 1970). Fischlaeuse (Crustacea, Branchiura, Argulidae) an einem suedamerikanischen Feuerrochen (Potamotrygon leopoldi Castex & Castello, 1970). (German) Milu, 13 (2): 242–245
ROSA, R.S. & CHARVET-ALMEIDA, P. & DIBAN QUIJADA, C.C. (2010)
Biology of the South American Potamotrygonid Stingrays. In: Carrier, J.C. & Musick, J.A. & Heithaus, M.R. (Eds) Sharks and Their Relatives II: Biodiversity, Adaptive Physiology, and Conservation. CRC Press, Boca Raton: 241–282
DOMINGUES, M.V. & MARQUES, F.P.L. (2011)
Phylogeny and taxonomy of Potamotrygonocotyle Mayes, Brooks & Thorson, 1981 (Monogenoidea: Monocotylidae) with a description of four new species. Journal of Helminthology, 85 (4): 353–380
DOI: 10.1017/S0022149X10000684
REYDA, F.B. & MARQUES, F.P.L. (2011)
Diversification and Species Boundaries of Rhinebothrium (Cestoda; Rhinebothriidea) in South American Freshwater Stingrays (Batoidea; Potamotrygonidae). PLoS ONE, 6 (8): e22604
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022604
FREDERICO, R.G. & FARIAS, I.P. & DE ARAÚJO, M.L.G. & CHARVET-ALMEIDA, P. & ALVES-GOMES, J.A. (2012)
Phylogeography and conservation genetics of the Amazonian freshwater stingray Paratrygon aiereba Müller & Henle, 1841 (Chondrichthyes: Potamotrygonidae). Neotropical Ichthyology, 10 (1): 71–80
BALLANTYNE, J.S. & FRASER, D.I. (2013)
Euryhaline Elasmobranchs. Fish Physiology, 32: 125–198
DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-396951-4.00004-9
COHEN, S.C. & JUSTO, M.C.N. & KOHN, A. (2013)
South American Monogenoidea parasites of fishes, amphibians and reptiles Rio de Janeiro, 2013, 659 pp.
LASSO, C.A. & ROSA, R.S. & SÁNCHEZ-DUARTE, P. & MORALES-BETANCOURT, M.A. & AGUDELO-CÓRDOBA, E. (2013)
IX. Rayas de agua dulce (Potamotrygonidae) de Suramérica. Parte I. Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Perú, Brasil, Guyana, Surinam y Guayana Francesa: diversidad, bioecología, uso y conservación. Serie Editorial Recursos Hidrobiológicos y Pesqueros Continentales de Colombia. Instituto de Investigación de los Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (IAvH). Bogotá, D. C., Colombia. 368 pp.
ADNET, S. & GISMONDI, R.S. & ANTOINE, P.-O. (2014)
Comparisons of dental morphology in river stingrays (Chondrichthyes: Potamotrygonidae) with new fossils from the middle Eocene of Peruvian Amazonia rekindle debate on their evolution. Naturwissenschaften, 101 (1): 33–45
DOI: 10.1007/s00114-013-1127-1
KIRCHHOFF, K.N. & KLINGELHOEFER, I. & DAHSE, H.-M. & MORLOCK, G. & WILKE, T. (2014)
Maturity-related changes in venom toxicity of the freshwater stingray Potamotrygon leopoldi. Toxicon, 92: 97–101
DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2014.10.011
STEPANEK, R. & KRIWET, J. (2015)
Comparative morphology of the juvenile skeleton in freshwater stingrays with special focus on Paratrygon aiereba (Myliobatiformes: Potamotrygonidae). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 255: 7–24
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcz.2014.12.002
DE CARVALHO, M.R. (2016)
Neotropical stingrays, Family Potamotrygonidae. In: Last, P.R., White, W.T., Carvalho, M.R. de, Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W & Naylor, G.J.P (Eds.) Rays of the World. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne: 619–655
FONTENELLE, J.P. & DE CARVALHO. M.R. (2016)
Systematic implications of brain morphology in potamotrygonidae (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes). Journal of Morphology, 277 (2): 252–263
DOI: 10.1002/jmor.20493
WEIGMANN, S. (2016)
Annotated checklist of the living sharks, batoids and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes) of the world, with a focus on biogeographical diversity. Journal of Fish Biology, 88 (3): 837–1037
DOI: 10.1111/jfb.12874
ALVES, P.V. & DECHAMBRIER, A. & SCHOLZ, T. & LUQUE, J.L. (2017)
Annotated checklist of fish cestodes from South America. Zookeys (650): 1–205
DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.650.10982
JANSE, M. & ZIMMERMAN, B. & GEERLINGS, L. & BROWN, C. & NAGELKERKE, L.A.J. (2017)
Sustainable species management of the elasmobranch populations within European aquariums: a conservation challenge. Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 5 (1): 172-181
DOI: 10.19227/jzar.v5i4.313
KIRCHHOFF, K.N. & HAUFFE, T. & STELBRINK, B. & ALBRECHT, C. & WILKE, T. (2017)
Evolutionary bottlenecks in brackish water habitats drive the colonization of fresh water by stingrays. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 30 (8): 1576-1591
DOI: 10.1111/jeb.13128
BUCKLEY, K.A. & CROOK, D.A. & PILLANS, R.D. & SMITH, L. & KYNE, P.M. (2018)
Sustainability of threatened species displayed in public aquaria, with a case study of Australian sharks and rays. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 28 (1): 137–151
DOI: 10.1007/s11160-017-9501-2
CHARVET, P. & SANTANA, F.M. & DE LIMA, K.L. & LESSA, R. (2018)
Age and growth of the endemic Xingu River stingray Potamotrygon leopoldi validated using fluorescent dyes. Journal of Fish Biology, 92 (6): 1985-1999
DOI: 10.1111/jfb.13635
FONTENELLE, J.P. & LOBODA, T.S. & KOLMANN, M. & DE CARVALHO, M.R. (2018)
Angular cartilage structure and variation in Neotropical freshwater stingrays (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes: Potamotrygonidae), with comments on their function and evolution. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 183 (1): 121-142
DOI: 10.1093/zoolinnean/zlx054
LIANG, P.C. & ZHANG, Y.L. & LIU, Y. & WANG, Y.Q. & XIA, L.L. & REN, B.L. & WANG, C.R. & CAO, Y. (2018)
Dynamic variations in platelet counts may reflect the severity and prognosis of stingray injuries in the early phase. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 36 (5): 910.e1
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.02.031
DAGOSTA, F.C.P. & DE PINNA, M. (2019)
The Fishes of the Amazon: Distribution and Biogeographical Patterns, with a Comprehensive List of Species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 431 (1): 1
DOI: 10.1206/0003-0090.431.1.1
GRANT, M.I. & KYNE, P.M. & SIMPFENDORFER, C.A. & WHITE, W.T. & CHIN, A. (2019)
Categorising use patterns of non-marine environments by elasmobranchs and a review of their extinction risk. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 29 (3): 689-710
DOI: 10.1007/s11160-019-09576-w
RUTLEDGE, K.M. & SUMMERS, A.P. & KOLMANN, M.A. (2019)
Killing them softly: Ontogeny of jaw mechanics and stiffness in mollusk-feeding freshwater stingrays. Journal of Morphology, 280 (6): 796-808
DOI: 10.1002/jmor.20984
SCHNETZ, L. & PFAFF, C. & LIBOWITZKY, E. & JOHANSON, Z. & STEPANEK, R. & KRIWET, J. (2019)
Morphology and evolutionary significance of phosphatic otoliths within the inner ears of cartilaginous fishes (Chondrichthyes). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 19 (1): 238
DOI: 10.1186/s12862-019-1568-z
VALENTIM, F.C.D. & PORTO, J.I.R. & FELDBERG, E. (2019)
Chromosomal characterization of Amazonian freshwater stingrays with evidence for new karyomorphs and XX/XY sex chromosomes. Genetics and Molecular Biology, 42 (3): 578-593
DOI: 10.1590/1678-4685-gmb-2018-0229
GUINOT, G. & CAVIN, L. (2020)
Distinct Responses of Elasmobranchs and Ray-Finned Fishes to Long-Term Global Change. Frontiers in Ecololgy and Evolution, 7: 513
DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2019.00513
CONSALES, G. & MARSILI, L. (2021)
Assessment of the conservation status of Chondrichthyans: underestimation of the pollution threat. European Zoological Journal, 88 (1): 165-180
DOI: 10.1080/24750263.2020.1858981