NEWBERRY, J.S. & WORTHEN, A.H. (1866)
Descriptions of new species of vertebrates, mainly from the Sub-Carboniferous Limestome and Coal Measures of Illinois. Geological Survey of Illinois, 2: 9–134
WOODWARD, A.S. (1889)
Catalogue of the fossil fishes in the British Museum. Part. I. British Museum (Natural History): 474 p., fig., 17 pl.
NEWBERRY, J.S. (1897)
New species and a new genus of American Palaeozoic fishes, together with notes on the genera Oracanthus, Dactylodus, Polyrhizodus, Sandalodus, Deltodus. Transactions of the New York Academy of Science, 16: 282–304
HAY, O.P. (1902)
Bibliography and catalogue of the fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, 179: 1–868
EASTMAN, C.R. (1903)
Carboniferous fishes from the central western States. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 39 (7): 163–226