PETERS, W.C.H. (1855)
Uebersicht der in Mossambique beobachteten Seefische. Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlich Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1855: 428–466
BLEEKER, P. (1865)
Description du Narcacion Polleni, espèce inédite des mers de l'île de la Réunion. Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde, 3: 171–173
PLAYFAIR, R.L. & GÜNTHER, A. (1867)
The fishes of Zanzibar, with a list of the fishes of the whole east coast of Africa. Londres: 1–153, pl. 1–21.
GÜNTHER, A. (1870)
Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. London, British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 8: 549 p.
GÜNTHER, A. (1870)
Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. London, British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 8: 549 p.
FRITSCH, G.T. (1890)
Die elektrischen Fische : nach neuen Untersuchungen anatomisch-zoologisch dargestellt. II. Die Torpedineen Leipzig, 1890
GARMAN, S. (1913)
The Plagiostomia (Sharks, Skates and Rays). Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 36: 528 p., 77 pl.
BARNARD, K.H. (1925)
A monograph of the marine fishes of South Africa. Part I (Amphioxus, Cyclostomata, Elasmobranchii, and Teleostei -Isospondyli to Heterosomata). Annals of the South African Museum, 21 (1): 1–418, pls 1–17, figs
GUDGER, E.W. (1929)
Pike and his unpublished paintings of the fishes of Mauritius, western Indian Ocean, with an index to the fishes. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 58 (art. 9): 489-530
FOURMANOIR, P. (1963)
Raies et requins-scie de la côte ouest de Madagascar (Ordre des Batoidei). Cahiers ORSTOM, Série Océanographie, 1963, (6): 33–58
SMITH, J.L.B. (1964)
Fishes collected by Dr. Th. Mortensen off the coast of South Africa in 1929, with an account of the genus Crurirajia Bigelow & Scroeder, 1954 in South Africa. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn, 126: 283–300, 6 pls.
WALLACE, J.H. (1967)
The batoid fishes of the east coast of Southern Africa. Part III: Skates and Electric Rays. Investigational Report Oceanographic Research Institute, 17: 1–62
COMPAGNO, L.J.V. (1986)
Families Pristidae, Torpedinidae, Narkidae, Rhinobatidae, Myliobatidae, Mobulidae, Dasyatidae, Callorhinchidae, Chimaeridae, Rhinochimaeridae In: Smith's Sea Fishes, by M.M. Smith & P.C. Heemstra, eds. Macmillian, Johannesburg: 110–114, 128–142, 144–148
SMITH, M.M. & HEEMSTRA, P.C. (1986)
Smiths' Sea fishes Braamfontein, Johannesburg :Macmillan South Africa,1986.
MAZHAR, F.M.M. (1987)
The elasmobranchs of the Mediterranean. 6. Three torpedos. Bulletin of the Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, 8 (2): 109–135
PAEPKE, H.-J. & SCHMIDT, K. (1988)
Kritischer Katalog der Typen der Fischsammlung des Zoologischen Museums Berlin. Teil 2: Agnatha, Chondrichthyes. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin, 64 (1): 155–189, pls 7–8
DOI: 10.1002/mmnz.19880640108
COMPAGNO, L.J.V. & EBERT, D.A. & SMALE, M.J. (1989)
Guide to the sharks and rays of Southern Africa. New Holland Ltd., London 1989
MOULD, B. (1997)
Classification of the recent Elasmobranchii. Copyright Brian Mould 1997
COMPAGNO, L.J.V. (1999)
An overview of chondrichthyan systematics and biodiversity in southern Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 54: 75–120
DOI: 10.1080/00359199909520406
COMPAGNO, L.J.V. (1999)
An overview of chondrichthyan systematics and biodiversity in southern Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 54: 75–120
DOI: 10.1080/00359199909520406
FRICKE, R. (1999)
Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez). An annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31: 759 p.
DE CARVALHO, M.R. & STEHMANN, M. & MANILO, L.G. (2002)
Torpedo adenensis: a new species of electric ray from the Gulf of Aden: with comments on nominal species of Torpedo from the western Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, and adjacent areas (Chondrichthyes, Torpediniformes, Torpedinidae). American Museum Novitates, 3369: 31–34
SMIT, N.J. & BASSON, L. (2002)
Gnathia pantherina sp. n. (Crustacea: Isopoda: Gnathiidae), a temporary ectoparasite of some elasmobranch species from southern Africa. Folia Parasitologica, 49 (2): 137–151
MANILO, L.G. & BOGORODSKY, S.V. (2003)
Taxonomic composition, diversity and distribution of coastal fishes of the Arabian Sea. Journal of Ichthyology, 43 (1): 75–149
PHEEHA, S. (2004)
Torpedo fuscomaculata In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>
SMIT, N.J. & DAVIES, A.J. (2004)
The curious life-style of the parasitic stages of gnathiid isopods. Advances in Parasitology, 58: 289–391
DOI: 10.1016/S0065-308X(04)58005-3
SOTO, J.M.R. & MINCARONE, M.M. (2004)
Collections of the Museu Oceanográfico do vale do Itajai. I. Catalog of cartilaginous fishes (Myxini, Cephalaspidomorphi, Elasmobranchii, Holocephali). Mare Magnum, 1 (2): 1–125
COMPAGNO, L.J.V. (2005)
Checklist of living Chondrichthyes. In: Hamlett, W.C. (ed.) Reproductive biology and phylogeny of chondrichthyes: sharks, rays and chimaeras, Vol. 3. Endfield, USA: Science Publishers: 503–548
LAMBERTH, S.J. (2006)
White shark and other chondrichthyan interactions with the beach-seine (treknet) fishery in False Bay, South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science, 28 (3–4): 723–727
DOI: 10.2989/18142320609504222
KYNE, P.M. & SIMPFENDORFER, C.A. (2007)
A Collation and summarization of available data on deepwater Chondrichthyans: Biodiversity, life history and fisheries. Biodiversity, Life History and Fisheries IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group for the Marine Conservation Biology Institute, 1–137.
FRICKE, R. & MULOCHAU, T. & DURVILLE, P. & CHABANET, P. & TESSIER, E. & LETOURNEUR, Y. (2009)
Annotated checklist of the fish species (Pisces) of La Réunion, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie, 2: 1–168
NAYLOR, G.J.P. & CAIRA, J.N. & JENSEN, K. & ROSANA, K.A.M. & WHITE, W.T. & LAST, P.R. (2012)
A DNA sequence based approach to the identification of shark and ray species and its implications for global elasmobranch diversity and parasitology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 367: 262 pp., 102 figures, 5 tables
AKHILESH, K.V. & BINEESH, K.K. & GOPALAKRISHNAN, A. & JENA, J.K. & BASHEER, V.S. & PILLAI, N.G.K. (2014)
Checklist of Chondrichthyans in Indian waters. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 56 (1): 109–120
DOI: 10.6024/jmbai.2014.56.1.01750s-17
SUJATHA, K. & SHRIKANYA, K.V.L. & KRISHNA, N.M. (2014)
Taxonomy and length-weight relationship of torpedo electric rays of the genus Torpedo (Pisces: Torpedinidae) off Visakhapatnam coast of India. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 61 (4): 24–34
EBERT, D.A. & VAN HEES, K.E. (2015)
Beyond Jaws: rediscovering the ‘lost sharks’ of southern Africa. African Journal of Marine Science, 37 (2): 141–156
DOI: 10.2989/1814232X.2015.1048730
EBERT, D.A. & VAN HEES, K.E. (2015)
Corrigendum: Beyond Jaws: rediscovering the ‘lost sharks’ of southern Africa. African Journal of Marine Science, 37 (3): 435
DOI: 10.2989/1814232X.2015.1048730
KIZHAKUDAN, S.J. & ZACHARIA, P.U. & THOMAS, S. & AND VIVEKANANDAN, E. & MUKTHA, M. (2015)
Guidance on National Plan of Action for Sharks in India. CMFRI Marine Fisheries Policy Series (2): 1–102
DE CARVALHO, M.R. & LAST, P.R. & SÉRET, B. (2016)
Torpedo rays, Family Torpedinidae. In: Last, P.R., White, W.T., Carvalho, M.R. de, Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W & Naylor, G.J.P (Eds.) Rays of the World. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne: 184–203
WEIGMANN, S. (2016)
Annotated checklist of the living sharks, batoids and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes) of the world, with a focus on biogeographical diversity. Journal of Fish Biology, 88 (3): 837–1037
DOI: 10.1111/jfb.12874
WEIGMANN, S. (2016)
Annotated checklist of the living sharks, batoids and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes) of the world, with a focus on biogeographical diversity. Journal of Fish Biology, 88 (3): 837–1037
DOI: 10.1111/jfb.12874
FRICKE, R. & MAHAFINA, J. & BEHIVOKE, F. & JAONALISON, H. & LÉOPOLD, M. & PONTON, D. (2018)
Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar, southwestern Indian Ocean, with 158 new records. FishTaxa, 3 (1): 1-432
MOREIRA, R.A. & DE CARVALHO, M.R. (2018)
Morphology of the clasper musculature in rays (Chondrichthyes; Elasmobranchii: Batoidea), with comments on their phylogenetic interrelationships. Journal of Morphology, 279 (12): 1827-1839
DOI: 10.1002/jmor.20904
ALMEIDA, A.J. & BISCOITO, M. (2019)
Keys to the fishes of the Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. I – Myxini; Petromyzontida; Chondrichthyes Boletim do Museu de História Natural do Funchal, Suppl. 15: 1-195
RAVALI, V. & DEEPTI, V.A.I. & JHA, S. & SUJATHA, K. (2019)
First record of valid species of torpedo electric ray, Torpedo polleni (Bleeker, 1865) (Torpediniformes: Torpedinidae) from Indian waters. Indian Journal of Geo Marine Sciences, 48 (9): 1338-1343
SCHAEFFNER, B.C. & SMIT, N.J. (2019)
Parasites of cartilaginous fishes (Chondrichthyes) in South Africa - a neglected field of marine science. Folia Parasitologica, 66: 002
DOI: 10.14411/fp.2019.002
DA SILVA, J. & LOBODA, T.S. & ROSA, R.D. (2020)
A new synapomorphy in the pelvic girdle reinforces a close relationship of Zanobatus and Myliobatiformes (Chondrichthyes: Batoidea). Journal of Anatomy, in press
DOI: 10.1111/joa.13354
DA SILVA, J.P.C.B. & DATOVO, A. (2020)
The coracoid bar and its phylogenetic importance for elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 287: 167-177
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcz.2020.06.004
GUINOT, G. & CAVIN, L. (2020)
Distinct Responses of Elasmobranchs and Ray-Finned Fishes to Long-Term Global Change. Frontiers in Ecololgy and Evolution, 7: 513
DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2019.00513