Storer, D.H. (1843)
Description of a new species of Torpedo. American Journal of Science and Arts, 45(1), 165–170
Storer, D.H. (1845)
Some Remarks on al living specimen of Torpedo occidentalis, the cramp-fish or torpedo. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, 2, 71
Storer, D.H. (1846)
A synopsis of the fishes of North America. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, n.s., 2: 253–550
Dumeril, A.H.A. (1852)
Monographie de la famille des torpédiniens, ou poissons plagiostomes électriques, comprenant la description d'un genre nouveau, de 3 espèces nouvelles, et de 2 espèces nommées dans le Musée de Paris, mais non encore décrites. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie(Ser. 2) 4: 176–189, 227–244, 270–285
Wyman, J. (1854)
On the electrical organ of Torpedo occidentalis. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, 5, 21–22
Gill, T. (1861)
Catalogue of the fishes of the eastern coast of North America, from Greenland to Georgia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 13, 1–63
Dumeril, A.H.A. (1865)
Histoire naturelle des poissons ou ichthyologie générale. Tome Premier. Elasmobranchés. Plagiostomes et Holocéphales ou Chimères. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. 720 pp
Storer, D.H. (1867)
A history of the fishes of Massachusetts. Cambridge and Boston: 1–287, 39 pls
Gill, T. (1873)
Catalogue and bibliography of the fishes of the east coast of North America. Report of the United States Fish Commission, 1871–1872: 779–822
Goode, G.B. & Bean, T.H. (1879)
A catalogue of the fishes of Essex county, Massachusetts, including the fauna of Massachusetts Bay and the contiguous deep waters. Bulletin of the Essex Institute, 11: 1–38
Jordan, D.S. & Gilbert, C.H. (1879)
Notes on the fishes of Beaufort Harbor, North Carolina. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 1(55), 365–388
Jordan, D.S. & Gilbert, C.H. (1882)
Notes on a collection of fishes from Charleston, South Carolina, with describtions of tree new species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 5(327), 580–620
Jordan, D.S. & Gilbert, C.H. (1883)
Synopsis of the fishes of North America. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 16, 1–1018
Jordan, D.S. (1886)
A preliminary list of the fishes of the West Indies. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 9, 554–608
Jordan, D.S. (1888)
A manual of the vertebrate animals of the northern United States, including the district north and east of the Ozark mountains, south of the Laurentian hills, north of the southern boundary of Virginia, and east of the Missouri river, inclusive of marine species. 5th edition. i–iii + 1–375.
Cressey, R.F. (1967)
Revision of the family Pandaridae (Copepoda: Caligoida). Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 121(3570), 1–133