NEWSLETTER 01/2019 14.01.2019
Pollerspöck, J. & Straube, N. 2019, Bibliography database of living/fossil sharks, rays and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii, Holocephali), www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 2019
|NEWS/ OWN RESEARCH
Two new features!!!
1) By species literature list export
We added a tool allowing for exporting reference lists of species, i.e. if you would like to have the list of references of a particular species, you can simply type http://shark-references.com/export/literature/species/<id> in your browser window, where <id> is the species ID number you find under „remarks“ of the species summary page (see screenshot). Automatically, a .csv containing all references will be downloaded. A .csv file can be opened with Excel or Libre office.
Team shark references presents a new tool: ELASMO KEY
This online identification key is based on morphological characters and is a beta version free for everybody to test and use. Please check out www.elasmo-key.org . A short manual is provided below.
The key is intended to allow for easy identification of shark specimen. Note that we are looking for volunteers to contribute! If you are interested to work on certain taxa or review characters of certain groups, please email us: firstname.lastname@example.org
How to use the key
On the left hand side, you can find several drop down menus.
For optimizing your search, you should first define an order of sharks using the figure.
By describing the specimen by choosing appropriate characters, the hits can be further reduced.
For identifying the specimen to species level, it may be necessary to additionally activate family-specific characters, which can be done by defining a family in the relevant field.
On the right hand side, you will see the search results. By clicking the image, a full screen image will be displayed. The clickable species name is linked to the species description on www.shark-references.com.
Besides species identification, the key can be further used for displaying specific species groups or regional diversity checklists.
To do that, please choose the relevant options in the field "habitat". Subsequently, the results from a geographic search can be further specified by choosing relevant orders, families, or genera.
The "?"-symbols will show you explanations and/ or images explaining the characters.
Menu choices on the right hand side:
1) "Terms" contains essential definitions of characters and measurements.
2) Under "Help" you will find explanations of characters
3) "About" will show you the imprint and contributing scientists.
NEW PARTNERS OF SHARK-REFERENCES
Affiliation: Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile
Your interests in Chondrichthyans or short introduction to your research:
We are marine biologists from Chile and our research focuses on biology, systematics, and conservation of Chondrichthyes. In the last years, in association with other Labs around the globe, we have been studying size at hatching, trophic ecology and genetics of sharks and rays from different countries in the American Continent. Currently, we are studying diversification patterns of elasmobranchs from both, the south eastern Pacific and the south western Atlantic Oceans.
Would you like to become a shark-reference partner? Please contanct us per E-mail!
Partner in Google-Maps:
Many thanks to the following people for providing images:
Frederik H. Mollen (Elasmobranch Research Belgium) for the images of Rhynchobatus australiaeWHITLEY, 1939, (ERB 1052), female, 40,6 cm DW, 115,0 cm TL, Taiwan
Valeria Gabbanelli, Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC)-CONICET for a image of a mature male specimen of Zearaja brevicaudata (MARINI, 1933)
Dr. Simon Weigmann, Elasmobranch Research Laboratory for images of the new described shark Bythaelurus stewarti WEIGMANN, KASCHNER & THIEL, 2018 (holotype, ZMH 26251, adult male, 425 mm TL)
Many thanks to all friends of shark-references, who sent us some missing papers last month!
Shark-References would kindly like to ask you for your contribution to this project.
At the moment we are looking for some of the following papers:
CAPPETTA, H. & PFEIL, F.H. & SCHMIDT-KITTLER, N. (2000) New biostratigraphical data on the marine Upper Cretaceous and Palaeogene of Jordan. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 38: 81–95.
MAO, Y. & MA, Q. & FENG, Q. (2013) Discovery of Fish Microremains in the Gufeng Formation at the Luojiaba Section from Jianshi, West Hubei. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, 30 (2): 175–183
MENDIOLA, C. & MARTINEZ, J. (2003) La ictiofauna fósil (Chondrichthyes, Euselachii) del Mesozoico y Cenozoico de España. Revista de la Societat Paleontológica d'Elx, 9: 1–103
MENDIOLA, C. (2004) Primera cita española del género Ptychodus AGASSIZ 1839 (Chondrichthyes, Euselachii). Revista de la Societat Paleontológica d'Elx, 13: 1–14
MENDIOLA, C. & LÓPEZ, A. (2005) La ictiofauna fósil (Chondrichthyes, Euselachii) del Serravalliense de Alicante (Sureste de España). Revista de la Societat Paleontológica d'Elx, 14: 1–51
BERG, L.S. (1937) A classification of fish-like vertebrates. Bull. Acad. Sci. URSS, Cl. Sci. math. Natur. 1937: 1277–1280. [In English with Russ. Summ.]
BERG, L.S. & SVETOVIDOV, A.N. (1955) Systema ribovraznich i rib nine jivuchtchich i iskopaemich. Trudy Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 20: 1–286
Please support www.shark-references.com and send missing papers (not listed papers or papers without the info-symbol) to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
Save the date! 25. - 29. March 2019
The Mexican Society of Cartilaginous Fishes A.C., in coordination with the Planetarium of Playa del Carmen SAYAB, invites to participate in the First Latin American Conference of Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras, and the VIII National Symposium of Sharks and Rays.
5th International Whale Shark Conference (IWSC5) from 28-31 May 2019
From 28-31 May 2019, the town of Exmouth in the Ningaloo Coast World Heritage Area will welcome delegates to the 5th International Whale Shark Conference (IWSC5), a meeting of the world’s leading whale shark scientists, conservationists, natural resource managers and tourism managers. This is the fifth such conference to be held, following on from the successful IWSC4 held in Doha, Qatar in 2016. This meeting is timed to showcase Ningaloo’s world’s best practice whale shark management program and will follow the Ningaloo Whaleshark Festival, an annual community event that celebrates these magnificent animals.
IWSC5 will bring together local scientists, researchers and postgraduate students to interact with international colleagues and collaborators to explore all aspects of whale shark biology and ecology and how this can translate to direct, on-ground conservation efforts. Delegates from around the world will be treated to four days of presentations, workshops, social functions and experiencing the world renowned Ningaloo whale shark tourism industry to forge new relationships and collaborations and debate ideas.
A core focus of IWSC5 will be bringing together end users of the science being presented, such as tourism managers, marine park managers and conservation groups. This will improve the uptake and application of research and help develop collaborations between research scientists and managers and industry.
For further information contact email@example.com. The webpage is under construction, please add to your favourites www.iwsc5.info
THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF XVI EUROPEAN CONGRESS OF ICHTHYOLOGY
We invite you to attend the XVI European Congress of Ichthyology, to be held in Lausanne, Switzerland on 2-6 September 2019. The scientific program will include sessions and symposia on taxonomy, phylogeny, anatomy, ecology, conservation, ethology, life history and other aspects of fish biology. Participants are encouraged to make oral and/or poster presentations. Ichthyologists wishing to organize a symposium on a specific topic are ecouraged to contact the organizers.
ORGANIZED BY: European Ichthyological Society
BOARD: Dr. Ivana Buj (president), University of Zagreb, Croatia
Dr. Jörg Bohlen, Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics, Czech Republic
Dr. Alberto Teodorico Correia, University of Porto, Portugal
Dr. Maurice Kottelat, Delémont, Switzerland
Dr. Lukas Kalous, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
Dr. Lukas Rüber, Natural History Museum, Bern, Switzerland
HEAD OF THE ORGANIZING COMMITTEE: Dr. Maurice Kottelat
LOCAL ORGANIZING COMMITTEE will be announced soon.
WEB SITE: http://ichthyology.eu/congresses/actual-congresses/
CONTACT: firstname.lastname@example.org (for administrative issues, registration etc.),
email@example.com (for technical and local issues, etc.)
CONFERENCE VENUE: All conference activities will be held at the Aquatis Hotel and in
the facilities of the Aquatis Aquarium, both situated in Lausanne, Switzerland. AquatisbAquarium is the largest freshwater aquarium and vivarium in Europe. Lausanne is situated on the shore of Lake Geneva and is recognized as the home of the international sport, hosting the International Olympic Committee, but, in September 2019, it will be the meeting point of European and world ichthyologists.
SOCIAL PROGRAMME: to be announced later
CONFERENCE FEE: will be included in the Second announcement
December 2018 – Second announcement released
1st February – registration and abstract submission opens
30th April – abstract submission closes
31st May – deadline for registration
30th June – deadline for the late registration
Looking forward to meeting you in Lausanne!
|TAXONOMIC NEWS/ NEW SPECIES
WEIGMANN, S. & KASCHNER, C.J. & THIEL, R. (2018): A new microendemic species of the deep-water catshark genus Bythaelurus (Carcharhiniformes, Pentanchidae) from the northwestern Indian Ocean, with investigations of its feeding ecology, generic review and identification key. PLoS ONE, 13 (12): e0207887
WHITE, W.T. & KYNE, P.M. & HARRIS, M. (2019): Lost before found: A new species of whaler shark Carcharhinus obsolerus from the Western Central Pacific known only from historic records. PLoS ONE, 14 (1): e0209387
New species: Carcharhinus obsolerus
Abstract: Carcharhinus obsolerus is described based on three specimens from Borneo, Thailand and Vietnam in the Western Central Pacific. It belongs to the porosus subgroup which is characterised by having the second dorsal-fin insertion opposite the anal-fin midbase. It most closely resembles C. borneensis but differs in tooth morphology and counts and a number of morphological characters, including lack of enlarged hyomandibular pores which are diagnostic of C. borneensis. The historic range of C. obsolerus sp. nov. is under intense fishing pressure and this species has not been recorded anywhere in over 80 years. There is an urgent need to assess its extinction risk status for the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. With so few known records, there is a possibility that Carcharhinus obsolerus sp. nov. has been lost from the marine environment before any understanding could be gained of its full historic distribution, biology, ecosystem role, and importance in local fisheries.
New species: Bythaelurus stewarti
Abstract: A new deep-water catshark, Bythaelurus stewarti, is described based on 121 examined specimens caught on the Error Seamount (Mount Error Guyot) in the northwestern Indian Ocean. The new species differs from all congeners in the restricted distribution, a higher spiral valve turn count and in the morphology of the dermal denticles. It is distinguished from its morphologically and geographically closest congener, B. hispidus (Alcock), by the larger size (maximum size 44 vs. 39 cm TL, maturity size of males 35–39 vs. 21–28 cm TL), darker fresh coloration and dark grayish-brown mottling of the ventral head (vs. ventral head typically uniformly yellowish or whitish). Furthermore, it has a strongly different morphology of dermal denticles, in particular smaller and less elongate branchial, trunk and lateral caudal denticles that are set much less densely and have a surface that is very strongly and fully structured by reticulations (vs. structured by reticulations only in basal fourth). In addition, the new species differs from B. hispidus in having more slender claspers that are gradually narrowing to the bluntly pointed tip without knob-like apex (vs. claspers broader and with distinct knob-like apex), more spiral valve turns (11–12 vs. 8–10) and numerous statistical differences in morphometrics. A review of and a key to the species of Bythaelurus are given.
REINECKE, T. & VON DER HOCHT, F. & GILLE, D. & KINDLIMANN, R. (2018): A review of the odontaspidid shark Carcharoides AMEGHINO 1901 (Lamniformes, Odontaspididae) in the Chattian and Rupelian of the North Sea Basin, with the definition of a neotype of Carcharoides catticus (PHILIPPI, 1846) and description of a new species. Palaeontos, 31: 75 pp, 42 textfigures, 3 tables
New species: Carcharoides lipsiensis
Abstract: The odontaspidid shark genus Carcharoides AMEGHINO, 1901 existed at least since the Middle–Late Eocene and became extinct in the Middle Miocene. It is represented by two nominal species, Carcharoides catticus (PHILIPPI, 1846) first described from the Kassel Formation, Chattian of northern Hesse, Germany, and the type species Carcharoides totuserratus AMEGHINO, 1901, from the Gaiman Formation, Early Miocene of Patagonia, Argentina. Based on existing collection material previously assigned to C. catticus, a new species, Carcharoides lipsiensis sp.nov., is described here from the Markkleeberg Member of the Böhlen Formation, Rupelian, formerly exposed in brown coal pits south of Leipzig, southeastern Germany. The probably lost type of “Otodus” catticus, a right upper lateroposterior tooth, is replaced by a neotype recovered from the type deposit and location near Castle Weissenstein, west of Kassel, Germany. The dental characteristics of the three nominal species are described and compared by selected morphometric parameters. Based on two sets of isolated teeth from the early to late Chattian and the Burdigalian–Langhian of the North Sea Basin, respectively, an artificial tooth set is assembled and proposed for C. catticus. The comparative study of numerous teeth of C. catticus and Carcharias gustrowensis(WINKLER, 1875) from the Sülstorf Formation, Chattian of Mecklenburg, northeastern Germany, ranging in height from newborn (2–4 mm) to adult (max. 23 mm) indicates a weak ontogenetic heterodonty for both genera. Carcharoides catticus shares several dental characteristics with sandtiger sharks Carcharias spp., but apparently has only two larger teeth in the upper anterior rows rather than three in Carcharias. Among other characters, it differs from Carcharias spp. by the dimensional ratio (heigth/width) of lower lateroposterior teeth being narrower (at the same height) than corresponding teeth of Carcharias spp. Although having been much less common than Carcharias spp., C. catticus was widely distributed in the northern Atlantic, Mediterranean Tethys and Paratethys during the Early to Middle Miocene and less frequently during the Chattian.
BRITO, P.M. & VILLALOBOS-SEGURAB, E. & ALVARADO-ORTEGA, J. (2019): A new early cretaceous guitarfish (Chondrichthyes, Batoidea) from the Tlayúa Formation, Puebla, Mexico. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 90: 155-161
New genus: Tlalocbatos
New species: Tlalocbatos applegatei
Abstract: A new species of “guitarfish" from the Lower Cretaceous Tlayúa Formation of Puebla, Mexico is here described as †Tlalocbatos applegatei gen. et sp. nov. The new species is based on a nearly complete articulated specimen and represents the first chondrichthyan from this formation. The inclusion of a new character and two additional taxa into a phylogenetic analysis based on previous studies generates a novel phylogenetic hypothesis of batoid phylogeny. Paraphyly of the “guitarfishes” is corroborated, although a new clade was recovered comprising the modern Platyrhinidae plus †Britobatos primarmatus as the sister group of the node formed by †Stahlraja, †Tlalocbatos, plus the Trygonorrhinidae. †Tlalocbatus differs from other batoids by the following combination of characters: nasal capsules with horn-like anterior processes; homodont dentition; presence of a well-developed median uvula; lateral uvulae not differentiated; pectoral propterygium, extending as far as the anterior part of the nasal capsules; two radials articulating directly with the scapulocoracoid, between the mesopterygium and the metapterygium; two dorso-lateral nuchal cartilages, unfused with the synarcual; and an elevated number of post-synarcual centra (115–118). The distribution of †Stahlraja(†Tlalocbatos (trygonorrhinids)), suggests that this clade originated in the western part of the Tethys-Caribbean region with a later dispersion westward towards the Pacific.
HODNETT, J.-P.M. & ELLIOTT, D.K. (2018): Carboniferous chondrichthyan assemblages from the Surprise Canyon and Watahomigi formations (latest Mississippian–Early Pennsylvanian) of the western Grand Canyon, Northern Arizona. Journal of Paleontology, 92 (Supplement S77): 1-33
New genera: Hokomata, Microklomax, Novaculodus, Amaradontus
New species: Hokomata parva, Microklomax carrieae, Novaculodus billingsleyi, Cooleyella platera, Amaradontus santuccii
Abstract: Two chondrichthyan assemblages of Late Mississippian/Early Pennsylvanian age are now recognized from the western Grand Canyon of northern Arizona. The latest Serpukhovian Surprise Canyon Formation has yielded thirty-one taxa from teeth and dermal elements, which include members of the Phoebodontiformes, Symmoriiformes, Bransonelliformes, Ctenacanthiformes, Protacrodontoidea, Hybodontiformes, Neoselachii (Anachronistidae), Paraselachii (Gregoriidae, Deeberiidae, Orodontiformes, and Eugeneodontiformes), Petalodontiformes, and Holocephali. The euselachian grade taxa are remarkably diverse with four new taxa recognized here; the Protacrodontidae: Microklomax carrieae new genus new species and Novaculodus billingsleyi new genus new species, and the Anchronistidae: Cooleyella platera new species and Amaradontus santuciinew genus new species The Surprise Canyon assemblage also has the youngest occurrence of the elasmobranch Clairina, previously only known from the Upper Devonian. The Surprise Canyon Formation represents a nearshore fluvial infilling of karstic channels, followed by a shallow marine bioherm reef, and finally deeper open water deposition. The early Bashkirian Watahomigi Formation represents open marine deposition and contains only two taxa: a new xenacanthiform, Hokomata parva new genus new species, and the holocephalan Deltodus. The relationship between the Surprise Canyon and Watahomigi chondrichthyan assemblages and other significant coeval chondrichthyan assemblages suggests that there may have been eastern and western distinctions among the Euamerican assemblages during the Serpukhovian due to geographic separation by the formation of Pangea.
CHERO, J.D. & CRUCES, C.L. & SÁEZ, G. & LUQUE, J.L. (2018): A new genus and species of the Dasybatotreminae Bychowsky, 1957 (Monogenea: Monocotylidae), parasitic on Hypanus dipterurus (Jordan & Gilbert) (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) in the Southeastern Pacific Ocean off Peru. Zootaxa, 4527 (3): 347–356
New genus: Peruanocotyle
New species: Peruanocotyle chisholmae
Abstract: Peruanocotyle n. gen. is proposed to accommodate Peruanocotyle chisholmae n. sp. (Monogenea: Monocotylidae). The new species is a gill parasite of the diamond stingray, Hypanus dipterurus (Jordan & Gilbert) (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae), a demersal chondrichthyan collected off the coast of Callao, Peru. Peruanocotyle n. gen. is placed in the Dasybatotreminae Bychowsky, 1957 because its anterior attachment organ has multiple glandular openings. Peruanocotyle chisholmae n. gen., n. sp. is unique among the Dasybatotreminae, by having: a well-developed, broadly ovoid anterior attachment organ with numerous grooves and an anteromedial notch; three prominent anterior glands that are connected to numerous peripheral glands; an unusual whip-shaped male copulatory organ composed of four connate tubes; an ejaculatory duct with slightly sclerotized walls where the proximal end has criss-crossed creases and the distal portion is highly convoluted; an ejaculatory bulb with one bipartite internal seminal vesicle; a wheel-shaped haptor with one central loculus and eight peripheral loculi; anchors that are much shorter than the width of marginal membrane and have an accessory sclerotized piece present; four oval testes, arranged in two groups; an ovary that has six clavate, proximal lobules and a distal portion that is strongly coiled; intestinal ceca with large lateral and medial diverticula; an oral opening surrounded by numerous small dome-like papillae; and a single vagina with sclerotized walls. Dasybatotreminae is amended to accommodate the new genus, and the new species is fully described and illustrated herein. The present finding adds to the other three marine monocotylids previously reported from Peru, namely Anoplocotyloides chorrillensis Luque & Iannacone, 1991; Anoplocotyloides papillatus (Doran, 1953) Young, 1967 and Monocotyle luquei Chero, Cruces, Iannacone, Sanchez, Minaya, Sáez & Alvariño, 2016.
COLEMAN, G.M. & BEVERIDGE, I. & CAMPBELL, R.A. (2018): New species of RhinebothriumLinton, 1890 (Cestoda: Rhinebothriidea) parasitic in Australian stingrays (Elasmobranchii: Batoidea). Systematic Parasitology, in press
New species: Rhinebothrium dasyatidis, Rhinebothrium bunburyense, Rhinebothrium vandiemeni, Rhinebothrium fluviorum, Rhinebothrium urolophi, Rhinebothrium nickoli, Rhinebothrium fungiforme
Abstract: Seven new species of the cestode genus Rhinebothrium Linton, 1890 are reported from the spiral intestines of batoid elasmobranchs from the coasts of Australia. The new species are: Rhinebothrium dasyatidis n. sp. from the smooth stingray Bathytoshia brevicaudata (Hutton) from Spencer Gulf, South Australia; Rhinebothrium bunburyense n. sp. from the southern eagle ray, Myliobatis tenuicaudatus Hector from off Bunbury, Western Australia; Rhinebothrium vandiemeni n. sp. from the reticulate whipray, Himantura australis Last, Naylor & Manjaji-Matsumoto from off Cape van Diemen, Northern Territory; Rhinebothrium fluviorum n. sp. from the estuary stingray, Hemitrygon fluviorum (Ogilby) from Moreton Bay, Queensland; Rhinebothrium urolophi n. sp. from the wide stingaree Urolophus expansus McCulloch from off Beachport, South Australia;Rhinebothrium nickoli n. sp. from the brown whipray Maculabatis toshi (Whitley) and the reticulate whipray, Himantura australis Last, Naylor & Manjaji-Matsumoto, from Nickol Bay, Western Australia and from the white-spotted guitarfish Rhynchobatus australiae (Whitley) from off Broome, Western Australia and Rhinebothrium fungiforme n. sp. from the estuary stingray, Hemitrygon fluviorum(Ogilby) from Fog Bay in the Northern Territory.
BOUDAYA, L. & NEIFAR, L. & EUZET, L. (2018): A new genus and three new species of Anthocephaliidae (Cestoda, Rhinebothriidea) from the round fantail stingray, Taeniurops grabata(Chondrichthyes, Dasyatidae) from the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Systematic Parasitology, in press
New species: Alveobothrium grabatum Alveobothrium zarzisense, Alveobothrium jeancadenati
Abstract: The spiral intestines of a total of 16 round fantail stingrays Taeniurops grabata from the Mediterranean Sea off Tunisia were examined for cestodes. A new genus is erected in the Anthocephaliidae (Rhinebothridea) as Alveobothrium gen. n., with Alveobothrium grabatum sp. n. as its type species; the new genus differs from the other genera in the order in that its members possess bothridia with an apical sucker, marginal loculi and multiple staggered rows of facial loculi. Alveobothrium zarzisense sp. n. is also described. The species differ in the number of marginal loculi and in proglotid anatomy. Another anthocephaliid belonging to the genus Anthocephalum is also described from T. grabata. Anthocephalum jeancadenati sp. n. is most similar to A. alicae and A. michaeli, but differs in size of terminal proglottid and number of proglottids. All these new species are also found in formalin-preserved cestodes from T. grabata collected at Gorée Island (Senegal) between 1946 and 1954 by the French ichthyologist J. Cadenat and conserved in the personal collection of the late L. Euzet. The presence of the same rhinebothriideans species parasitizing T. grabata in both the Mediterranean (Tunisia) and the eastern Atlantic (Senegal) is discussed.
Latest Research Articles
ADAO, A.C. & BREEN, M. & EICHERT, M. & BORGES, T.C. (2018) By-catch species susceptibilities and potential for survival in Algarve (southern Portugal) deep-water crustacean trawl fishery. Scientia Marina, 82: 141-149 https://dx.doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04740.02A
ALEGRET, P.L. (2018) Sharks. eBook
ATAKE, O.J. & COOPER, D.M.L. & EAMES, B.F. (2019) Bone-like features in skate suggest a novel elasmobranch synapomorphy and deep homology of trabecular mineralization patterns. Acta Biomaterialia, 84: 424-436 https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2018.11.047
BALLAS, R. (2018) Re: Clinical features of 27 shark attack cases on La Réunion island. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 85 (6): 1134 https://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002113
BERNARD, A.M. & RICHARDS, V.P. & STANHOPE, M.J. & SHIVJI, M.S. (2018) Transcriptome-Derived Microsatellites Demonstrate Strong Genetic Differentiation in Pacific White Sharks. Journal of Heredity, 109 (7): 771-779 https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esy045
BIGMAN, J.S. & PARDO, S.A. & PRINZING, T.S. & DANDO, M. & WEGNER, N.C. & DULVY, N.K. (2018) Ecological lifestyles and the scaling of shark gill surface area. Journal of Morphology, 279 (12): 1716-1724 https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20879
BRIONES-MENDOZA, J. & PINCAY-ESPINOZA, J.E. & PALMA-CHAVEZ, J. & ROMERO-CAICEDO, A. (2018) Notas sobre la biología del tiburón mamona Mustelus lunulatus (Carcharhiniformes: Triakidae) en el Pacífico Central ecuatoriano. [Notes on the biology of the sicklefin smooth-hound shark Mustelus lunulatus (Carcharhinifomies: Triakidae) in the Ecuadorian Central Pacific] Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía, 53 (2): 279-284 https://dx.doi.org/10.22370/rbmo.2018.53.2.1301
CAPAPÉ, C. & RAFRAFI-NOUIRA, S. & OUNIFI-BEN AMOR, K. & BEN AMOR, M.M. (2018) Additional records of sandbar shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhinidae) from the northern Tunisian coast (central Mediterranean Sea). Annales, Series Historia Naturalis, 28 (2): 99-104 https://dx.doi.org/10.19233/ASHN.2018.11
CARVALHO, F. & LEE, H.H. & PINER, K.R. & KAPUR, M. & CLARKE, S.C. (2018) Can the status of pelagic shark populations be determined using simple fishery indicators? Biological Conservation, 228: 195-204 https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2018.09.034
CHATZISPYROU, A. & ARONI, M. & LEFKADITOU, E. & KAPIRIS, K. & GIOVOS, I. & ANASTASOPOULOU, A. (2019) Some biological information on a female kitefin shark, Dalatias licha (Bonnaterre, 1788) stranded in the Laconikos gulf of Greece (SE Ionian Sea). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 19 (12): in press https://dx.doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v19_12_09
COOPER, R.L. & THIERY, A.P. & FLETCHER, A.G. & DELBARRE, D.J. & RASCH, L.J. & FRASER, G.J. (2018) An ancient Turing-like patterning mechanism regulates skin denticle development in sharks. Science Advances, 4 (11): eaau5484 https://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aau5484
CORRIGAN, S. & LOWTHER, A.D. & BEHEREGARAY, L.B. & BRUCE, B.D. & CLIFF, G. & DUFFY, C.A. & FOULIS, A. & FRANCIS, M.P. & GOLDSWORTHY, S.D. & HYDE, J.R. & JABADO, R.W. & KACEV, D. & MARSHALL, L. & MUCIENTES, G.R. & NAYLOR, G.J.P. & PEPPERELL, J.G. & QUEIROZ, N. & WHITE, W.T. & WINTNER, S.P. & ROGERS, P.J. (2018) Population Connectivity of the Highly Migratory Shortfin Mako (Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810) and Implications for Management in the Southern Hemisphere. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 6: 187 https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2018.00187
DE CARVALHO, M.M. & DE OLIVEIRA, M.R. & LOPES, P.F.M. & OLIVEIRA, J.E.L. (2018) Ethnotaxonomy of sharks from tropical waters of Brazil. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 14: 71 https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13002-018-0273-0
DE OLIVEIRA, L.R. & DE CARVALHO, M.R. & SOARES, M.C. (2019) Caudal musculature in ground sharks, Carcharhiniformes, with remarks on their phylogenetic interrelationships. Journal of Morphology, 280 (1): 68-77 https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20916
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Who's tougher? Baby sharks or daddy sharks?
Study examines mechanical behavior of sharks' vertebrae under biological conditions
- Date: January 3, 2019
- Source: Florida Atlantic University
- Summary: One would assume that since humans and many animals tend to get stiffer and perhaps tougher as they reach adulthood, the same would be true for sharks. A new study finds the opposite in these swift-swimming marine predators. The youngest sharks were stiffer and tougher than older sharks. Another key finding is that while scientists have historically looked at alternating patterns of mineralization on sharks' vertebrae to determine their age, these patterns are not related to time.
Fifty years of decline in Queensland's coastal sharks
- Date: December 13, 2018
- Source: University of Queensland
- Summary: Queensland's coastal shark numbers are continuing a 50-year decline, in sharp contradiction of suggestions of 'exploding' shark populations, according to a new analysis. Researchers analyzed data from the program, which has used baited drumlines and nets since 1962 to minimize human-shark interactions, and now spans 1,760 km of the Queensland coastline.
Evidence of a fearsome shark taking down a pterosaur in mid-flight
It was a prehistoric clash of the ages that didn't end pretty when a monster in the sky clashed with a beast of the deep.
The sorry outcome for one particular flying reptile is brutally recorded on a fossil where a shark chomped its neck, leaving a telltale tooth wedged against a vertebra. USC researchers who studied the bones kept at the Los Angeles County Natural History Museum say it's a rare glimpse of wildlife interactions in the age of dinosaurs.
A window to a lost world, the findings help fill gaps about how a group of extinct flying creatures – pterosaurs – lived and behaved. The study appears in the Dec. 14 issue of Peer J.
Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-12-evidence-fearsome-shark-pterosaur-mid-flight.html#jCp