Aetobatus ocellatus

(Kuhl, 1823)

Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Aetobatidae

Reference of the original description
Van Hasselt, J.C. (1823)
Uittreksel uit een brief van Dr. J.C. van Hasselt aan den Heer C.J. Temminck. Algemeene Konst- en Letter-Bode Deel, 1(20): 315-317;(21): 328-331

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Aetobatis cf. ocellatus, Aetobatis guttata, Aetobatis indica, Aetobatis punctata, Aetobatus cf. ocellatus, Aetobatus guttatus, Aetobatus mula, Aetobatus punctatus, Goniobatis meleagris, Myliobatis eeltenkee, Myliobatis macroptera, Myliobatis ocellatus, Myliobatis punctatus, Myliobatus ocellatus, Pteromylaeus punctatus, Raia mula, Raia quinqueaculeata, Raia tajara, Raja edentula, Raja guttata*, Raja mula, Raja tajara, Stoasodon ocellatus, Stoasodon punctatus

Aetobatus ocellatus
Neotype: MZB: 18225
Aetobatus guttatus
XXXX: No types known;
Goniobatis meleagris
XXXX: No types known;
Myliobatis eeltenkee
XXXX: No types known;
Myliobatis macroptera
XXXX: No types known;
Raia quinqueaculeata
Holotype: MNHN: A-8905;
Raja mula
XXXX: No types known;
Raja tajara
XXXX: No types known;

Images of types

Description :

Citation: Aetobatus ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 05/2024

Please send your images of "Aetobatus ocellatus" to

Neotype of Aetobatus ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823) (MZB 18225, juvenile male 477 mm DW): dorsal view (fresh)/ventral view (preserved). In: White, W.T. & Last, P.R. & Naylor, G.J.P. & Jensen, K. & CAIRA, J.N. (2010): Clarification of Aetobatus ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823) as a valid species, and a comparison with Aetobatus narinari (Euphrasen, 1790) (Rajiformes: Myliobatidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper, 32: 141-164
Short Description
Diagnosis after WHITE, LAST, NAYLOR, JENSEN & CAIRA, 2010 [9068]: A large Aetobatus (reaching at least 300 cm DW) with the following combination of characters: dorsal surfaces with a dark greenish grey base coloration, variably white spotted (rarely ocellated); different NADH2 gene structure; relatively long tail (mean total length 281% DW, mean anterior cloaca to tail tip 230.2% DW); stinging spines relatively long (mean length of first spine 9.7% DW); teeth plates in a single row, those in lower jaw chevron-shaped; pectoral-fin radials about 102–116 (excluding proterygial radials anterior of eyes); total vertebral centra (including synarcual) 99–101.

Tropical and subtropical Indo–West and Central Pacific, also likely to be present in the Western Indian Ocean. [9068]

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733].

Size / Weight / Age
Last & Stevens (2009) [3365] report that in Australia, this species (as A. narinari) attains up to 3000 mm DW (>8800 mm TL), with males and females maturing at 1000 and 2140 mm DW respectively, and born at 180–260 mm DW. [9068]

benthopelagic; marine

shark-references Species-ID=119;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Clemacotyle australis Young, 1967 [29167]
  • Decacotyle elpora Marie & Justine, 2005 [29167]
  • Decacotyle octona (Young, 1967) [29167]
  • Dendromonocotyle torosa Chisholm & Whittington, 2004 [29167]
  • Empruthotrema kearni Whittington, 1990 [29167]
  • Thaumatocotyle pseudodasybatis Hargis, 1955 [15785] [29167]

  • Adelobothrium aetiobatidis Shipley, 1900 [23959]
  • Adelobothrium sp. [23959]
  • Cephalobothrium aetobatidis Shipley & Hornell, 1906 [23959]
  • Cephalobothrium sp. [23959]
  • Hornellobothrium gerdaae Mojica, Jensen & Caira, 2014 [21567]
  • Hornellobothrium iotakotta Mojica, Jensen & Caira, 2014 [21567]
  • Hornellobothrium kolossakotta Mojica, Jensen & Caira, 2014 [21567]
  • Hornellobothrium najaforme Mojica, Jensen & Caira, 2014 [21567] [23959]
  • Hornellobothrium sp. [23959]
  • Rhinoptericola jensenae (Schaeffner & Beveridge, 2012) [30611]

  • Caligus chiastos Lin & Ho, 2003 [26229]
  • Caligus elasmobranchi Boxshall, 2018 [26229]
  • Lepeophtheirus acutus Heegaard, 1943 [26229]
  • Pupulina keiri Boxshall, 2018 [26229]