Bathytoshia centroura

(Mitchill, 1815)

Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae

Reference of the original description
Mitchill, S.L. (1815)
The fishes of New York described and arranged. Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New York, 1, 355–492

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Bathytoshia cf. centroura, Ceratoptera unios, Dasibatis centrura, Dasyatis aff. centroura, Dasyatis aldrovandi, Dasyatis aspera, Dasyatis brucco, Dasyatis centroura, Dasyatis centrura, Dasyatis centrurus, Dasyatis cf. centroura, Dasyatis gr. centroura, Dasyatis marinus, Dasyatis unios, Dasyatis (Trygon) centroura, Dasybatis aspera, Dasybatis centrurus, Dasybatis thalassia, Dasybatus brucco, Dasybatus marinus, Manta unios, Pastinaca acanthura, Pastinachus centrourus, Raia gesneri, Raja centroura, Raja gesneri, Trigon bracco, Trygon aldrovandi, Trygon brucco, Trygon centroura, Trygon centrura, Trygon gesneri, Trygon spinosissima, Trygon thalassia, Trygon (Hemitrygon) thalassia, Trygon (Trygon) brucco

Bathytoshia centroura

Dasyatis centroura
XXXX: No types known;
Dasybatus marinus
Syntype: MCZ: 990S (missing)
Pastinaca acanthura
XXXX: No types known;
Raia gesneri
XXXX: No types known;
Trygon aldrovandi
XXXX: No types known;
Trygon brucco
Syntype: ANSP: 378 (old: Bonaparte 218, ANSP 378-379);
Trygon thalassia
Syntype: MNHN: ? NMW: ? RCSL: ? ZSM: (old collection) lost in WW II (?);

Description :

Citation: Bathytoshia centroura (Mitchill, 1815): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 03/2024

Please send your images of "Bathytoshia centroura" to

Bathytoshia centroura (Mitchill, 1815), off Jacksonville, Florida, © Jason C. Seitz, ANAMAR Environmental Consulting, Inc.
Common names
deu \(T\) Rauschwanz-Stechrochen, deu \(T\) Stechrochen, spa Chucho, spa Raya látigo lija, spa Rayalátigo isleña, fra \(T\) Pastenague des îles, fra \(T\) Pastenague à queue épineuse, fra \(T\) Pastenague épineuse, eng Rough-tailed, eng Rough-tailed northern stingray, eng Rough-tailed stingray, eng Roughtail stingray, ita Trigone, ita Trigone spinoso, por Arraia, por Arraia-prego, por Raia-manteiga, por Raia-prego, por Ratão, por Uge de cardas, por Uge-de-cardas, por Uje-de-cardas

Short Description
Disc sub-quadrangular with strongly sinuous former edges, blunt snout (Ref. 39859). Large size and spacing of mid-dorsal bucklers, conspicuous tubercles on the outer parts of disc [199]. Tail with numerous rows of small spines. Ventral finfold long, but quite low, not easily seen, dorsal finfold absent [17658]. Olive brown above, white or nearly below. Lower surface white and without dark edgings [199].

Eastern Atlantic: southern Bay of Biscay to Angola, including the Mediterranean Sea, Madeira, and Canary Islands. Western Atlantic: Georges Bank to the eastern Gulf of Mexico; southern Brazil to Argentina [5839]. Age: 24 years, (198 cm in TL, 179 cm in DW, 217 kg) Mediterranean Sea [15166]; Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: low; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Gestation about 4 months with 2 to 4 young produced in autumn and early winter (Ref. 6901). Distinct pairing with embrace [17086].

shark-references Species-ID=7939;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Ascaris incrassata Molin, 1858 [17029]

  • Eudactylina minuta Scott, 1904 [16609]
  • Eudactylinella alba Wilson, 1932 [16931] [27471]
  • Kroyerina nasuta Wilson, 1932 [15948]
  • Nemesis lamna Risso, 1826 [16609]
  • Nemesis robusta (Van Beneden, 1851) [16609]
  • Nemesis sp. [27471]
  • Pseudocharopinus bicaudatus (Krøyer, 1837) [27471]
  • Pseudocharopinus concavus Wilson, 1913 [27471]
  • Trebius caudatus Krøyer, 1838 [14785]
  • Trebius nunesi Capart, 1959 [15303]

  • Branchellion torpedinis Savigny, 1822 [25687]