Carcharhinus galapagensis

(SNODGRASS & HELLER, 1905)


Galapagos shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae

Reference of the original description
SNODGRASS, R.E. & HELLER, E. (1905)
Papers from the Hopkins-Stanford Galapagos Expedition, 1898-1899. XVII. Shore fishes of the Revillagigedo, Clipperton, Cocos and Galapagos islands. Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 6: 333–427.

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharhinus cf. galapagensis, Carcharias galapagensis, Carcharinus galapagensis, Eulamia galapagensis

Types
Carcharhinus galapagensis
Holotype: SU: 12324 (apparently lost) Paratype: SU: 12325 SU: 12326 (apparently lost)


Description :


Citation: Carcharhinus galapagensis (SNODGRASS & HELLER, 1905): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 08/2018

Please send your images of "Carcharhinus galapagensis" to info@shark-references.com

Carcharhinus galapagensis (SNODGRASS & HELLER, 1905), © FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ebert, D.A. 2014. On Board Guide for the Identification of Pelagic Sharks and Rays of the Western Indian Ocean. Reproduced with permission, illustration by Marc Dando , Wildlife Illustrator
Common names
spa Cazón, spa Jaqueta, spa Jaquetón, spa Tiburón, spa Tiburón de Galapagos, spa Tollo, spa Tollo-cazón, fra \(T\) Requin de Galapagos, fra \(T\) Requin des Galapagos, eng Galapagos shark, eng Mackerel shark, por Cação, por Tubarão-dos-Galápagos

Short Description
Low inter-dorsal ridge present [544]. Dark grey above, light below, fins plain or with slightly dusky tips [544].

Distribution
Circumtropical with a preference for waters around oceanic islands. Eastern Atlantic: including St. Paul"quot;s Rocks (Refs. 13121, 52289). Western Indian Ocean: including Walter"quot;s Shoal, south of Madagascar. Western Pacific: including Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs. Eastern Pacific: Galápagos (Ref. 58896). Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Biology
Viviparous, with a yolk sac placenta [517]. 6 to 16 young born at 60-80 cm [578]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). An ontogenetic change in diet occurs as size increases. They consume a smaller proportion of teleosts and more elasmobranchs with increasing size [5603].

Size / Weight / Age
370 cm TL (male/unsexed; [17643]); max. published weight: 85.5 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 24 years [2246]

Habitat
reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 286 m [17640], usually 30 - 180 m (Ref. 37816)

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
  • Dermophthirius carcharhini MACCALLUM, 1926 [17076]

Cestoda
Copepoda
  • Nesippus crypturus HELLER, 1868 [16599]
  • Pandarus cranchii LEACH, 1819 [16599]
  • Pandarus smithii RATHBUN, 1886 [16599]