Centrophorus lusitanicus

BARBOSA DU BOCAGE & DE BRITO CAPELLO, 1864


Lowfin gulper shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Squaliformes Centrophoridae

Reference of the original description
BOCAGE, J.V.B.DU. & DE BRITO CAPELLO, F. (1864)
Sur quelques espèces inédites de Squalidae de la tribu Acanthiana Gray, qui fréquentent les côtes du Portugal. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1864: 260–263

Types
Centrophorus lusitanicus
Syntype: BMNH: 1867.7.23.2;


Description :


Citation: Centrophorus lusitanicus BARBOSA DU BOCAGE & DE BRITO CAPELLO, 1864: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 11/2018

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Common names
spa Quelme, spa Quelvacho lusitánico, spa Remudo, fra \(T\) Squale-chagrin longue dorsale, fra \(T\) Squale-chagrin à longue dorsale, eng Lowfin gulper shark, por Barroso, por Lixa, por Lixa lusitânica, por Lixa-de-lei, por Quelme

Short Description
A large, stout gulper shark with a broad snout, a long, low 1st dorsal fin and a high 2nd dorsal fin; pectoral rear tips moderately long; denticles low, flat and smooth [536]. Pearl-grey in color [536].

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Senegal, Côte d"quot;Ivoire to Nigeria. Western Indian Ocean: southern Mozambique and possibly Natal, South Africa [20053]. Western Pacific: China (Ref. 6577) and Taiwan [518]; occurrence in the Western Central Pacific uncertain but should be watched for [544]. Often confused with Centrophorus niaukang and Centrophorus granulosus [544]. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: not marketed/unknown; price reliability:

Biology
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Number of young 1 to 6 per litter; size at birth 33-36 cm TL [518] [2539]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. A large deepwater dogfish of the outer continental shelves and upper slopes. Feeds on bony fish, small dogfish sharks, squids, and lobsters.

Size / Weight / Age
160 cm TL (male/unsexed; [536])

Habitat
bathydemersal; marine; depth range 300 - 1400 m [518]

Remarks
650

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
Copepoda
  • Eudactylina valei NUNES-RUIVO, 1956 [15303]