Centrophorus lusitanicus

Barbosa Du Bocage & De Brito Capello, 1864


Lowfin gulper shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Squaliformes Centrophoridae

Reference of the original description
Bocage, J.V.B. Du & Capello, F. de Brito (1864)
Sur quelques espèces inédites de Squalidae de la tribu Acanthiana Gray, qui fréquentent les côtes du Portugal. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1864, 260–263

Image of the original description

Centrophorus lusitanicus Barbosa du Bocage & de Brito Capello, 1864

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Centrophorus cf. lusitanicus

Types
Centrophorus lusitanicus
Syntype: BMNH: 1867.7.23.2;


Description :


Citation: Centrophorus lusitanicus Barbosa Du Bocage & De Brito Capello, 1864: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 11/2022

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Centrophorus lusitanicus Barbosa du Bocage & de Brito Capello, 1864 © Ana Verissimo, Portugal
Common names
spa Quelme, spa Quelvacho lusitánico, spa Remudo, fra \(T\) Squale-chagrin longue dorsale, fra \(T\) Squale-chagrin à longue dorsale, eng Lowfin gulper shark, por Barroso, por Lixa, por Lixa lusitânica, por Lixa-de-lei, por Quelme

Short Description
A large, stout gulper shark with a broad snout, a long, low 1st dorsal fin and a high 2nd dorsal fin; pectoral rear tips moderately long; denticles low, flat and smooth [536]. Pearl-grey in color [536].

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Senegal, Côte d"quot;Ivoire to Nigeria. Western Indian Ocean: southern Mozambique and possibly Natal, South Africa [20053]. Western Pacific: China (Ref. 6577) and Taiwan [518]; occurrence in the Western Central Pacific uncertain but should be watched for [544]. Often confused with Centrophorus niaukang and Centrophorus granulosus [544]. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: not marketed/unknown; price reliability:

Biology
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Number of young 1 to 6 per litter; size at birth 33-36 cm TL [518] [2539]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. A large deepwater dogfish of the outer continental shelves and upper slopes. Feeds on bony fish, small dogfish sharks, squids, and lobsters.

Size / Weight / Age
160 cm TL (male/unsexed; [536])

Habitat
bathydemersal; marine; depth range 300 - 1400 m [518]