Centroselachus crepidater

(BARBOSA DU BOCAGE & DE BRITO CAPELLO, 1864)


Longnose velvet dogfish
Classification: Elasmobranchii Squaliformes Somniosidae

Reference of the original description
BOCAGE, J.V.B.DU. & DE BRITO CAPELLO, F. (1864)
Sur quelques espèces inédites de Squalidae de la tribu Acanthiana Gray, qui fréquentent les côtes du Portugal. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1864: 260–263

Image of the original description

Centrophorus crepidater BARBOSA DU BOCAGE & DE BRITO CAPELLO, 1864 valid as: Centroselachus crepidater (BARBOSA DU BOCAGE & DE BRITO CAPELLO, 1864)

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Centrophorus crepidater, Centrophorus jonssonii, Centrophorus rossi, Centroscymnus cf. crepidater, Centroscymnus crepidater, Centroscymnus crepidator, Centroscymnus furvescens, Centroscymnus rossi, Lepidorhinus rossi

Types
Centroselachus crepidater
Holotype: MB: T.112(49) (destroyed)
Centrophorus jonssonii
Syntype: NHMR: ?
Centrophorus rossi
Holotype: ZSI: F225/1


Description :


Citation: Centroselachus crepidater (BARBOSA DU BOCAGE & DE BRITO CAPELLO, 1864): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 06/2019

Please send your images of "Centroselachus crepidater" to info@shark-references.com

Centroselachus crepidater (BARBOSA DU BOCAGE & DE BRITO CAPELLO, 1864), © FAO, www.fish-base.org
Common names
deu \(T\) Langschnauzen-Dornhai, spa Pailona negra, spa Sapata negra, fra \(T\) Pailona à long nez, eng Black shark, eng Deepwater dogfish, eng Golden dogfish, eng Longnose dogfish, eng Longnose velvet dogfish, eng Roughskin dogfish, eng Smallspine dogfish, por Sapata preta, por Sapata-de-natura, por Sapata-preta

Short Description
Black or blackish brown in color, dorsal fins with very small fin spines, very long snout, greatly elongated labial furrows that nearly encircle mouth, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with moderately long, oblique cusps, fairly slender body that does not taper abruptly from pectoral region, moderately large lateral trunk denticles with partly smooth, oval, cuspidate crowns in adults and subadults [518].

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: Iceland, Faeroe Islands along Atlantic slope to Portugal, Senegal, Madeira, Gabon to Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia. Indian Ocean: Aldabra and the Travancore coast of India. Western Pacific: New South Wales, Australia and New Zealand. Southeast Pacific: northern Chile. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: high; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species

Biology
Ovoviviparous, with 4-8 young in a litter [1388]. Born at 28-35 cm [578]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. A fairly common species found on continental and insular slopes [1388] (Ref. 75154), on or near the bottom [536]. Feeds mainly on fish and cephalopods [1388] (Ref. 58748).

Size / Weight / Age
130 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 6577)); max. reported age: 54 years (Ref. 57506)

Habitat
bathydemersal; marine; depth range 230 - 1500 m [578]

Dentition
tooth formula (upper/lower): 16-26/14-18 [1131];

Links: SEM-images of teeth

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=8556;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
  • Clistobothrium montaukensis RUHNKE, 1993 [20495]