Chlamydoselachus anguineus

Garman, 1884

Frilled shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Hexanchiformes Chlamydoselachidae

Reference of the original description
Garman, S. (1884)
An extraordinary shark. Bulletin of the Essex Institute, 16, 47–55

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Chlamydoselache anguinea, Chlamydoselachus anguineum, Chlamydoselachus cf. anguineus

Chlamydoselachus anguineus
Holotype: MCZ: 800-S;

Description :

Citation: Chlamydoselachus anguineus Garman, 1884: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 08/2022

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Chlamydoselachus anguineus Garman, 1884, 177 cm female caught at a depth of 695 m some 12 miles off the coast of Galicia in a gillnet; © Toño Maño, Tiburones en Galicia, Spain
Common names
deu \(T\) Kragenhai, deu \(T\) Krausenhai, spa Tiburón anguila, spa Tiburón anguilla, fra \(T\) Requin lézard, eng Frill shark, eng Frill-gilled shark, eng Frilled shark, eng Greenland shark, eng Scaffold shark, eng Silk shark, ita Squalo serpente, por Cobra, por Tubarao, por Tubarão-cobra

Short Description
Eel-like shark with 6 gill slits, the lower ends of the first gill slits connected t each other across throat [518]. Dark brown or grey in color, sometimes paler below [578]. Dorsal fin small and lobe-like originating over pelvic fin bases to behind anal fin origin [1388]. Anal fin larger than dorsal fin [1388]. Pectoral fins small and paddle-shaped [1388]. Caudal fin with weak ventral lobe and without subterminal notch [1388]. Terminal mouth with tricuspid teeth in both jaws [518].

Wide-ranging but with patchy distribution. Western Indian Ocean: off South Africa. Western Pacific: off Japan to New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to northern Chile. Eastern Atlantic: northern Norway to northern Namibia, possibly the eastern Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Three specimens have been recorded from the western Atlantic [2445]. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: not marketed/unknown; price reliability:

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Number of young 2 to 15 [19900]. Gestation period is probably very long, one to two years (Ref. 39551). Size at birth 40-60 cm [1388]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. An uncommon primitive shark [578] found on outer continental and insular shelves and upper slopes, usually between 120 and 1,280 m but occasionally caught at the surface [518]. Feeds on other sharks, squid and bony fish [578].

Size / Weight / Age
200 cm TL (male/unsexed; [578]), born at 40-60 cm [3365]

bathydemersal; marine; depth range 0 - 1570 m [20048], usually 120 - 1280 m [518]

24-27/21-26 [19-30/21-29] [3365]

Links: SEM-images of teeth and denticles

shark-references Species-ID=1453;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)