Dipturus mennii

GOMES & PARAGÓ, 2001


South Brazilian skate
Classification: Elasmobranchii Rajiformes Rajidae

Reference of the original description
GOMES, U.L. & PARAGÓ, C. (2001)
Espécie nova de Rajídeo (Chondrichthyes, Rajiformes) do Atlântico sul occidental. Boletim do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, Nova Série. Zoologia, 448: 1–10

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Dipturus diehli

Types
Dipturus mennii
Holotype: MZUSP: 51600; Paratype: UERJ: 1893;
Dipturus diehli
Holotype: MOVI: 8494;


Description :


Citation: Dipturus mennii GOMES & PARAGÓ, 2001: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 12/2018

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Short Description
Differs from its congeners by having prickly interorbital space with few developed dermal denticles an no arrangement pattern easily visible and sensible when touched. Dorsal surface smooth with nuchal thorns confluent with median dorsal and caudal thorns up to the origin of the first dorsal fin. Scapular and interdorsal thorns are present. Ventral surface with rare, few developed prickles in between the gill openings. Mature specimens reaching about 160 cm TL and 120 cm disk width. Dorsal and ventral surfaces brown, with ventral tip of pectoral fins light brown. Dorsal and ventral snout surfaces prickly with several tiny prickles. Anterior margin of pectoral fins convex in males. Orbital series thorns distributed as 4 preorbital and 2 to 3 interorbital; the postorbital thorns are absent. The rest of thorns are distributed as 2 to 5 interspiracular; 5 to 6 nuchal, 2 to 3 scapular and 12 to 18 mediodorsal. The caudal region bears 3 to 5 rows of thorns; 25 to 36 mediocaudal; 7 to 24 laterocaudal on the left and on the right; 43 to 47 alar thorns present in males, in 3 rows and 1 to 3 interdorsal; 12-16 pseudobranchial lamellae. The horizontal orbit diameter 2 times length of second dorsal fin base. The length of first dorsal fin base is equal to the interorbital distance. The dorsal region of claspers is smooth. The dental formula is 33-36/30-37. This species is similar with Dipturus trachyderma in having the rough skin on the interorbital region; both differ from D. leptocauda, D. chilensis, and D. teevani which possess smooth interorbital region. Other body regions of D. mennii have less evident dermal denticles, but sensible when touched, and because of this, this species was mistaken for D. trachyderma. D. mennii compared with D. trachyderma, exhibits 1 row of confluent thorns from nape to first dorsal fin origin while the latter exhibits a row of thorns in caudal region only; have 4 preorbital thorns (vs. 2); 2-3 interorbital and no postorbital thorns (vs. 1 interorbital and 1 postorbital thorn); mature males with 3 rows of alar thorns with variation of the total number 43-47 (vs. 4 rows with total 17- 48); dorsal region of claspers smooth (vs. rough); proportionally smaller in disc width and length, horizontal orbit diameter, distance between first and fifth gill openings and dorsal fins base. D. mennii differs from other Brazilian species (leptocauda and chilensis) in spinulation arrangement; with the two exhibiting smooth dorsal region with 1 nuchal thorn and no mediodorsal and laterocaudal thorns (Ref. 42991).

Distribution
Southwest Atlantic: Brazil, from São Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul.

Biology
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell [17086].

Size / Weight / Age
160 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 42991))

Habitat
demersal; marine; depth range 133 - 513 m [19579]

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=2017;