Eusphyra blochii

(Cuvier, 1816)

Winghead shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae

Reference of the original description
Cuvier, G.L.C.F.D. (1816)
Le Règne Animal distribué d'après son organisation pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Les reptiles, les poissons, les mollusques et les annélides. Deterville, Paris, 532 pp

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Cestracion blochii, Cestracion (Zygaena) blochii, Eusphyra blochi, Eusphyra laticeps, Sphyrna blochi, Sphyrna blochii, Sphyrna (Eusphyra) blochii, Sphyrnias blochii, Zygaena blochii, Zygaena laticeps, Zygaena latycephala

Eusphyra blochii
Holotype: ZMB: 7835
Zygaena latycephala
XXXX: No types known;

Description :

Citation: Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier, 1816): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 12/2023

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Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier, 1816), © FAO,
Common names
spa Cornuda planeadora, fra \(T\) Requin marteau planeur, eng Arrow headed hammerhead, eng Arrow headed hammerhead shark, eng Arrow-headed hammer-head, eng Arrowhead, eng Hammer-headed shark, eng Hammerhead shark, eng Slender hammerhead, eng Winghead shark

Short Description
Grey or grey-brown above, paler below. Expanded lateral blades of head very narrow and wing-like, with a series of small bumps along edges in front of nostrils; width across head 40 or 50% of total length. Nostrils enormously expanded, each nearly 2 times the mouth head [20050].

Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to the Philippines, north to China, south to Australia. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: commercial

Viviparous, placental [733], with 6 to 25 in a litter after a gestation period of 8 [2539] -11 months [1388]. Size at birth between 32 and 45 cm TL [20050]. Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154).

Size / Weight / Age
186 cm TL (male/unsexed; [1388])

benthopelagic; amphidromous [17660]; brackish; marine

shark-references Species-ID=2258;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Eimeria zygaenae Mandal & Chakravarty, 1965 [32027]

  • Callitetrarhynchus blochii Pramanik & Manna, 2006 [16373]
  • Heteronybelinia heteromorphi Palm, 1999 [16366] [16112]
  • Otobothrium carcharidis (Shipley & Hornell, 1906) [17826]
  • Otobothrium mugilis Hiscock, 1954 [17826]
  • Phoreiobothrium puriensis Srivastav & Capoor, 1982 [16419]
  • Phyllobothrium blochii Srivastav & Srivastava, 1988 [16416]

  • Ascaridia sp. [17190]
  • Hysterothylacium ganeshi Rajya Lakshmi & Sreeramulu, 2007 [21444]
  • Pseudanisakis sp. [17190]
  • Raphidascaroides blochii Bilquees & Khanum, 1974 [17029]
  • Terranova sp. [17190]