Gymnura australis

(Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886)

Australian butterfly ray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Gymnuridae

Reference of the original description
Ramsay, E.P. & Ogilby, J.D. (1886)
Descriptions of new or rare Australian fishes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, ser. 1, 10, 575–579

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Pteroplatea australis

Gymnura australis
Lectotype: AMS: A.9357;

Description :

Citation: Gymnura australis (Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 03/2024

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Gymnura australis (Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886), © FAO,
Common names
eng Australian butterfly ray, eng Butterfly ray, eng Rat-tail ray, eng Ray, eng Skate

Indo-West Pacific: northern Australia and south coast of New Guinea. Also in the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: unreliable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this order

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154).

Size / Weight / Age
73.0 cm WD (male/unsexed; [1388])

demersal; marine; depth range ? - 50 m [1388]

shark-references Species-ID=2565;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)