Gymnura zonura

(Bleeker, 1852)

Zonetail butterfly ray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Gymnuridae

Reference of the original description
Bleeker, P. (1852)
Bijdrage tot de kennis der Plagiostomen van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, 24(art. 12): 1–92, Pls. 1–4

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Aetoplatea zonura, Aetoplatea zonurus, Gymnura zonurus, Gymnura (Aetoplatea) zonura, Gymnura (Aetoplatea) zonurus, Pteroplatea zonura

Gymnura zonura

Description :

Citation: Gymnura zonura (Bleeker, 1852): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 02/2024

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Gymnura zonura (Bleeker, 1852), 695 mm DW, Andaman waters, India © Dr. Ravi Ranjan Kumar and Dr. S. Venu, Department of Ocean Studies and Marine Biology, Pondicherry University, Port Blair, Andaman Islands, India
Common names
eng Bleeker"s butterfly ray, eng Bleeker"s butterfly-ray, eng Zonetail butterfly ray

Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific: India to Indonesia, including Singapore and Thailand. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: commercial

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086].

Size / Weight / Age
106 cm WD (male/unsexed; [2539])

reef-associated; marine; depth range 28 - 37 m (Ref. 9918)

shark-references Species-ID=2585;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)