Hemiscyllium ocellatum

(Bonnaterre, 1788)

Epaulette shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Orectolobiformes Hemiscylliidae

Reference of the original description
Bonnaterre, J.P. (1788)
Ichthyologie. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature. Paris, 215 p., pl. A–B + 1–100.

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Hemiscyllium oculatum, Squalus ocellatus, Squalus oculatus

Hemiscyllium ocellatum
Holotype: MNHN: 1003
Squalus oculatus
Holotype: MNHN: 1003

Description :

Citation: Hemiscyllium ocellatum (Bonnaterre, 1788): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 05/2023

Please send your images of "Hemiscyllium ocellatum" to info@shark-references.com

Hemiscyllium ocellatumi (Bonnaterre, 1788), Garden of Eden, Wheeler Reef, Great Barrier Reef; © Richard Ling
Common names
spa Bamboa ocellada, fra \(T\) Requin-chabot ocellé, eng Blind shark, eng Epaulette shark, eng Itar shark

Short Description
Caudal fin with a pronounced subterminal notch but without a ventral lobe [16823]. Lateral ocellus not surrounded by large spots; spots present on head in front and below eyes [16823].

Western Pacific: New Guinea and northern Australia. Possibly occurring in Malaysia, Sumatra (Indonesia), and the Solomon Islands. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: of no interest

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Prior to copulation, the male gets a good grasp of the female by by biting the body and even the gills (Ref. 49562, 51043). [17641]. A carnivor [17641].

Size / Weight / Age
107 cm TL (male/unsexed; [518])

reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 54540)

shark-references Species-ID=2704;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Chloromyxum hemiscyllii Gleeson & Adlard, 2012 [15542]
  • Kudoa hemiscylli Gleeson, Bennett & Adlard, 2010 [21484]
  • Kudoa sp. [12769]

  • Proleptus australis Bayliss, 1933 [12772]

  • Sheina orri Harding, 1966 [9645]